First Amendment topicsAbout the First Amendment
Justices: Separate Opinions
Cases organized by subheading
Chronological list of cases
Hugo L. Black
Supreme Court Justice
Epperson v. Arkansas (1968)
Gillette v. United States (1971)
In re Summers (1945)
Jones v. City of Opelika (1942) overruled by Jones v. City of Opelika (II) (1943)
Kedroff v. Saint Nicholas Cathedral (1952)
McCollum v. Board of Education (1948)
Poulos v. New Hampshire (1953)
Welsh v. United States (1970)
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943)
Zorach v. Clauson (1952)
Harry A. Blackmun
Supreme Court Justice
Bowen v. Kendrick (1988)
Bowen v. Roy (1986)
Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye, Inc. v. Hialeah (1993)
Committee for Public Education v. Regan (1980)
Corporation of the Presiding Bishop of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints v. Amos (1987)
Employment Division v. Smith (II) (1990)
Goldman v. Weinberger (1986)
Kiryas Joel Board of Education v. Grumet (1994)
Lee v. Weisman (1992)
Lynch v. Donnelly (1984)
Texas Monthly, Inc. v. Bullock (1989)
Thomas v. Review Board (1981)
Zobrest v. Catalina Foothills School District (1993)
Zobrest v. Catalina Foothills School District (1993)
William J. Brennan, Jr.
Supreme Court Justice
Abington School District v. Schempp (1963)
Allegheny County v. ACLU (1989)
Braunfeld v. Brown (1961)
Corporation of the Presiding Bishop of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints v. Amos (1987)
Employment Division v. Smith (II) (1990)
Gallagher v. Crown Kosher Super Market of Massachusetts (1961)
Goldman v. Weinberger (1986)
Hunt v. McNair (1973)
Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)
Levitt v. Committee for Public Education (1973)
Lynch v. Donnelly (1984)
Lyng v. International Union, UAW (1988)
Marsh v. Alabama (1946)
McDaniel v. Paty (1978)
Meek v. Pittenger (1975)
NLRB v. Catholic Bishop of Chicago (1979)
O'Lone v. Shabazz (1987)
Texas Monthly, Inc. v. Bullock (1989)
Tilton v. Richardson (1971)
Valley Forge Christian College v. Americans United for Separation of Church & State (1982)
Walz v. Tax Commission (1970)
Wolman v. Walter (1977)
Stephen G. Breyer
Supreme Court Justice
City of Boerne v. Flores (1997)
Good News Club v. Milford Central School (2001)
Zelman v. Simmons-Harris (2002)
Warren E. Burger
Chief Justice of the United States
Aguilar v. Felton (1985) overruled by Agostini v. Felton (1997)
Bowen v. Roy (1986)
Committee for Public Education v. Nyquist (1973)
Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)
McDaniel v. Paty (1978)
Meek v. Pittenger (1975)
School District of Grand Rapids v. Ball (1985)
Tilton v. Richardson (1971)
Wallace v. Jaffree (1985)
Wolman v. Walter (1977)
Benjamin N. Cardozo
Supreme Court Justice
Hamilton v. Regents of University of California (1934)
Nathan Clifford
Supreme Court Justice
Watson v. Jones (1871)
William O. Douglas
Supreme Court Justice
Abington School District v. Schempp (1963)
Braunfeld v. Brown (1961)
Clay v. United States (1971)
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
Gallagher v. Crown Kosher Super Market of Massachusetts (1961)
Gillette v. United States (1971)
Johnson v. Robison (1974)
Jones v. City of Opelika (1942) overruled by Jones v. City of Opelika (II) (1943)
Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)
Lemon v. Kurtzman (II) (1973)
Levitt v. Committee for Public Education (1973)
McGowan v. Maryland (1961)
Poulos v. New Hampshire (1953)
Sherbert v. Verner (1963)
Tilton v. Richardson (1971)
Two Guys from Harrison Allentown, Inc. v. McGinley (1961)
United States v. American Friends Service Committee (1974)
United States v. Seeger (1965)
Walz v. Tax Commission (1970)
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943)
Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972)
Felix Frankfurter
Chief Justice of the United States
Braunfeld v. Brown (1961)
Follett v. Town of McCormick (1944)
Fowler v. Rhode Island (1953)
Gallagher v. Crown Kosher Super Market of Massachusetts (1961)
Jamison v. State of Texas (1943)
Kedroff v. Saint Nicholas Cathedral (1952)
McCollum v. Board of Education (1948)
Murdock v. Pennsylvania (1943)
Poulos v. New Hampshire (1953)
Tucker v. Fischbein, et al. (2001-2002)
Supreme Court Justice
McGowan v. Maryland (1961)
Two Guys from Harrison Allentown, Inc. v. McGinley (1961)
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943)
Zorach v. Clauson (1952)
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Supreme Court Justice
Agostini v. Felton (1997)
Capitol Square Review & Advisory Board v. Pinette (1995)
Arthur J. Goldberg
Supreme Court Justice
Abington School District v. Schempp (1963)
John M. Harlan, II
Supreme Court Justice
Clay v. United States (1971)
Epperson v. Arkansas (1968)
Presbyterian Church in the U.S. v. Mary Elizabeth Blue Hull Memorial Presbyterian Church (1969)
Sherbert v. Verner (1963)
United States v. Seeger (1965)
Walz v. Tax Commission (1970)
Welsh v. United States (1970)
Robert H. Jackson
Supreme Court Justice
Douglas v. City of Jeannette (1943)
Everson v. Board of Education (1947)
Follett v. Town of McCormick (1944)
Kedroff v. Saint Nicholas Cathedral (1952)
McCollum v. Board of Education (1948)
Murdock v. Pennsylvania (1943)
Prince v. Massachusetts (1944)
United States v. Ballard (1944)
Zorach v. Clauson (1952)
Anthony Kennedy
Supreme Court Justice
Allegheny County v. ACLU (1989)
Bowen v. Kendrick (1988)
Kiryas Joel Board of Education v. Grumet (1994)
Lamb's Chapel v. Center Moriches School District (1993)
Westside Community Board of Education v. Mergens (1990)
Thurgood Marshall
Supreme Court Justice
Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)
Levitt v. Committee for Public Education (1973)
Mueller v. Allen (1983)
Westside Community Board of Education v. Mergens (1990)
Wolman v. Walter (1977)
Frank Murphy
Supreme Court Justice
Follett v. Town of McCormick (1944)
Jones v. City of Opelika (1942) overruled by Jones v. City of Opelika (II) (1943)
Prince v. Massachusetts (1944)
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943)
Sandra Day O'Connor
Elk Grove Unified School Dist. v. Newdow (2004)
Supreme Court Justice
Aguilar v. Felton (1985) overruled by Agostini v. Felton (1997)
Allegheny County v. ACLU (1989)
Bowen v. Kendrick (1988)
Bowen v. Roy (1986)
Capitol Square Review & Advisory Board v. Pinette (1995)
City of Boerne v. Flores (1997)
Corporation of the Presiding Bishop of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints v. Amos (1987)
Employment Division v. Smith (II) (1990)
Estate of Thornton v. Caldor (1985)
Goldman v. Weinberger (1986)
Hernandez v. Commissioner (1989)
Kiryas Joel Board of Education v. Grumet (1994)
Lynch v. Donnelly (1984)
Rosenberger v. Rector & Visitors of the University of Virginia (1995)
School District of Grand Rapids v. Ball (1985)
Wallace v. Jaffree (1985)
Witters v. Washington Department of Services for the Blind (1986)
Zelman v. Simmons-Harris (2002)
Zobrest v. Catalina Foothills School District (1993)
Zobrest v. Catalina Foothills School District (1993)
Lewis F. Powell, Jr.
Supreme Court Justice
Aguilar v. Felton (1985) overruled by Agostini v. Felton (1997)
Bob Jones University v. United States (1983)
Edwards v. Aguillard (1987)
Hobbie v. Unemployment Commission (1987)
Jones v. Wolf (1979)
Wallace v. Jaffree (1985)
Witters v. Washington Department of Services for the Blind (1986)
Wolman v. Walter (1977)
Stanley Reed
Supreme Court Justice
Follett v. Town of McCormick (1944)
Murdock v. Pennsylvania (1943)
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943)
William H. Rehnquist
Elk Grove Unified School Dist. v. Newdow (2004)
Supreme Court Chief Justice & Associate Justice
Aguilar v. Felton (1985) overruled by Agostini v. Felton (1997)
Bob Jones University v. United States (1983)
Committee for Public Education v. Nyquist (1973)
Estate of Thornton v. Caldor (1985)
Hobbie v. Unemployment Commission (1987)
Larkin v. Grendel's Den, Inc. (1982)
Larson v. Valente (1982)
Meek v. Pittenger (1975)
Santa Fe Ind. School District v. Doe (2000)
School District of Grand Rapids v. Ball (1985)
Serbian Orthodox Diocese v. Milivojevich (1976)
Thomas v. Review Board (1981)
Wallace v. Jaffree (1985)
Wolman v. Walter (1977)
Owen J. Roberts
Supreme Court Justice
Follett v. Town of McCormick (1944)
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943)
Wiley B. Rutledge
Supreme Court Justice
Everson v. Board of Education (1947)
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943)
Antonin Scalia
Supreme Court Justice
Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye, Inc. v. Hialeah (1993)
City of Boerne v. Flores (1997)
Edwards v. Aguillard (1987)
Good News Club v. Milford Central School (2001)
Kiryas Joel Board of Education v. Grumet (1994)
Lamb's Chapel v. Center Moriches School District (1993)
Lee v. Weisman (1992)
Locke v. Davey (2004)
Roemer v. Board of Public Works of Maryland (1976)
Texas Monthly, Inc. v. Bullock (1989)
David H. Souter
Supreme Court Justice
Agostini v. Felton (1997)
Capitol Square Review & Advisory Board v. Pinette (1995)
Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye, Inc. v. Hialeah (1993)
City of Boerne v. Flores (1997)
Good News Club v. Milford Central School (2001)
Kiryas Joel Board of Education v. Grumet (1994)
Lee v. Weisman (1992)
Rosenberger v. Rector & Visitors of the University of Virginia (1995)
Zelman v. Simmons-Harris (2002)
John Paul Stevens
Supreme Court Justice
Allegheny County v. ACLU (1989)
Bowen v. Roy (1986)
Capitol Square Review & Advisory Board v. Pinette (1995)
City of Boerne v. Flores (1997)
Committee for Public Education v. Regan (1980)
Goldman v. Weinberger (1986)
Good News Club v. Milford Central School (2001)
Hobbie v. Unemployment Commission (1987)
Kiryas Joel Board of Education v. Grumet (1994)
Larson v. Valente (1982)
Marsh v. Alabama (1946)
United States v. Lee (1982)
Valley Forge Christian College v. Americans United for Separation of Church & State (1982)
Westside Community Board of Education v. Mergens (1990)
Widmar v. Vincent (1981)
Wolman v. Walter (1977)
Zelman v. Simmons-Harris (2002)
Potter Stewart
Supreme Court Justice
Abington School District v. Schempp (1963)
Braunfeld v. Brown (1961)
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
Epperson v. Arkansas (1968)
Gallagher v. Crown Kosher Super Market of Massachusetts (1961)
McDaniel v. Paty (1978)
Sherbert v. Verner (1963)
Wisconsin Constitution
Harlan Fiske Stone
Chief Justice of the United States
Jones v. City of Opelika (1942) overruled by Jones v. City of Opelika (II) (1943)
Minersville School District v. Gobitis (1940) overruled by West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943)
Tucker v. Texas (1946)
United States v. Ballard (1944)
Clarence Thomas
Elk Grove Unified School Dist. v. Newdow (2004)
Supreme Court Justice
Capitol Square Review & Advisory Board v. Pinette (1995)
Cutter v. Wilkinson (2005)
Locke v. Davey (2004)
Rosenberger v. Rector & Visitors of the University of Virginia (1995)
Van Orden v. Perry (2005)
Zelman v. Simmons-Harris (2002)
Fred M. Vinson
Chief Justice of the United States
Tucker v. Texas (1946)
Earl Warren
Chief Justice of the United States
Braunfeld v. Brown (1961)
Gallagher v. Crown Kosher Super Market of Massachusetts (1961)
Byron R. White
Supreme Court Justice
Aguilar v. Felton (1985) overruled by Agostini v. Felton (1997)
Bowen v. Roy (1986)
Committee for Public Education v. Nyquist (1973)
Edwards v. Aguillard (1987)
Larson v. Valente (1982)
Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)
Lemon v. Kurtzman (II) (1973)
Levitt v. Committee for Public Education (1973)
McDaniel v. Paty (1978)
School District of Grand Rapids v. Ball (1985)
Serbian Orthodox Diocese v. Milivojevich (1976)
Texas Monthly, Inc. v. Bullock (1989)
Wallace v. Jaffree (1985)
Welsh v. United States (1970)
Widmar v. Vincent (1981)
Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972)
Witters v. Washington Department of Services for the Blind (1986)
Wolman v. Walter (1977)
Edward D. White
Supreme Court Justice
Tilton v. Richardson (1971)
Welsh v. United States (1970)
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