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Clay v. United States (docket #: 783) (1971)  [Findlaw]

Argument Date 04/19/1971
Decided 06/28/1971
Supreme Court Vote 8-0
Note Justice Marshall took on part in the consideration or decision of this case.
Supreme Court Ruling Free Exercise claim upheld; Petitioner’s conviction for failure to appear at induction for the Armed Forces should be overturned since the Appeal Board gave no reason for the denial of conscientious objector exemption.
IssueThe validity of Petitioner’s Armed Forces’ induction notice, which was grounded upon an erroneous denial of the petitioner’s claim to classified as a conscientious objector.
Majority Opinion per curiam
Concurring Opinion per Harlan, J.; Douglas, J.
Lower Court 5th Circuit
Lower Court Ruling Free Exercise claim denied.
Oral Arguments audio record  [Oyez]
For Petitioner
Chauncey Eskridge

For Respondent
Solicitor General Griswold

Opinion - Lower Court
Cassius Marcellus Clay, Jr. v. United States, 397 F.2d 90 (C.A. Tex. 1968)
"Ali Appears Unconcerned About Court Decision," Los Angeles Times, Jun. 28, 1971, sect. C, pg. 1
"Ali Files Brief With High Court," The Washington Post, Feb. 26, 1971, sect. D, pg. 6
"Ali wins hearing, foreigners won’t honor him as champ," Chicago Daily Defender, Jan. 16, 1971, pg. 30
"Ali, court in final battle," Chicago Daily Defender, Apr. 19, 1971, pg. 26
"Ends Battle," Chicago Tribune, Jun. 29, 1971, pg. 1
"High Court to Rule If Ali is Entitled to Deferment as Conscientious Objector," New York Times, Jan. 12, 1971, pg. 40
"Supreme Court clouds Ali-Frazier rematch," Chicago Daily Defender, Mar. 13, 1971, pg. 30
"Supreme Court to Hear Ali’s Appeal of Draft Conviction Tomorrow; Religious Issue Basis of Appeal, Decision on Conscientious Objector Status Likely by June Adjournment," New York Times, Apr. 18, 1971, sect. S, pg. 4
Anderson, Dave, "A Day for Victory Outside Ring," New York Times, Jun. 29, 1971, pg. 24
Associated Press, "U.S. Supreme Court Expected to Decide Ali Case Tomorrow," New York Times, Jun. 27, 1971, sect. S, pg. 1
Bruckner, D.J.R., "It’s No Wonder Ali Is a Good Boxer; He’s Been in a Corner a Long Time," Los Angeles Times, Jan. 15, 1971, sect. E, pg, 8
Cady, Steve, "A Black Fighter Wins a Big one; Muhammad Ali," New York Times, July 4, 1971, sect. E, pg. 3
Fiskes, Edward B., "Ali No Pacifist, U.S. Tells Court; Government Says He only Opposes Participation in ‘White Men’s Wars," New York Times, Apr. 20, 1971, pg. 24
Lescaze, Lee, "Even North Vietnamese Aware of Frazier-Ali Bout; Letter from Laos," The Washington Post, Mar. 14, 1971, pg. 18
Lewin, Nathan, "Supreme Court: There is No Mistaking the Swing of the Pendulum," New York Times, Jun. 27, 1971, sect. E, pg. 8
Lipsyte, Robert, "Case Closed," New York Times, Jul. 1, 1971, pg. 65
Mackenzic, John P., "Ali Victor in Battle Over Draft; Ali Wins Supreme Court Ruling on Refusing Military Induction," The Washington Post, Times Herald, Jun. 29, 1971, sect. A, pg. 1
MacKenzie, John P., "High Court to Review Ali’s Draft Conviction; Supreme Court to Review Ali’s 1967 Draft Conviction," The Washington Post, Times Herald, Jan. 12, 1971, Sect. A, pg. 1
Markus, Robert, "Ali ‘Thanks Allah’ for Ruling: Incomplete Source," Chicago Tribune, Jun. 29, 1971, sect. B, pg. 1
Nichols, Joe, "Ali’s Talkathon Leaves Almost Everyone Speechless," New York Times, Mar. 2, 1971, pg. 41
Unger, Norman O., "‘Uncle Sam’ kayos Ali reign," Chicago Daily Defender, Mar. 25, 1971, pg. 38
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