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Near v. Minnesota (docket #: 91) (1931)  [Findlaw]

Secondary Link Near v. Minnesota  [Legal Information Institute]
Argument Date 01/30/1931
Decided 6/1/1931
Supreme Court Vote 5-4
Supreme Court Ruling First Amendment claim sustained.
 
Issue"The question is whether a statute authorizing . . . proceedings in restraint of publication is consistent with the conception of the liberty of the press as historically conceived and guaranteed."
 
Case Summary & Additional Resources
Majority Opinion Hughes, C.J.
Dissenting Opinion Butler, J. (joined by Van Devanter, J., McReynolds, J., & Sutherland, J.)
Lower Court Minnesota Supreme Court
Lower Court Ruling First Amendment claim denied
Lawyers
For Petitioner
Weymouth Kirkland, of Chicago, Illinois, & T. E. Latimer, of Minneapolis, Minnesota

For Respondent
James E. Markham, of St. Paul, Minnesota & Arthur L. Markve, of Minneapolis, Minnesota

News Stories & Commentary
New York Times, "'Press Gag' Barred by Supreme Court; Minnesota Law Hit," January 2, 1931, p. 1
New York Times, Brandeis Criticizes Minnesota Gag Law," January 31, 1931, p. 6
Washington Post (AP), "Highest Court Gets Press Liberty Case," January 3, 1931, p. 7
Washington Post, "Press-Gag Statute Assailed by Editor," April 19, 1929, p. 5
Opinion - Lower Court
State v. Guilford, 179 Minn. 40, 219 N. W. 770 (1928); State v. Guilford, 174 Minn. 457, 228 N. W. 326 (1929)
Other
Barnett, Stephen R., "The Puzzle of Prior Restraint," 29 Stanford Law Review 539 (1977)
Blasi, Vincent, "Prior Restraints on Demonstrations," 68 Michigan Law Review 1482 (1970)
Blasi, Vincent, "Toward a Theory of Prior Restraint," 66 Minnesota Law Review 11 (1981)
Chafee, Jr., Zechariah, FREE SPEECH IN THE UNITED STATES (1941), pp. 375-381
Emerson, Thomas, “The Doctrine of Prior Restraint,” 20 Law & Contemporary Problems 648 (1955)
Emerson, Thomas, THE SYSTEM OF FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION (1970), pp. 504-506
Friendly, Fred W., MINNESOTA RAG: THE DRAMATIC STORY OF THE LANDMARK SUPREME COURT CASE THAT GAVE NEW MEANING TO FREEDOM OF THE PRESS (1981)
Gossett, John S., & Dee, Juliet, "Near v. Minnesota," in FREE SPEECH ON TRIAL (2003), Richard A. Parker, ed., pp. 69-84

Hartman, John E., "The Minnesota Gag Law & the 14th Amendment," 37 Minnesota History 16 (December 1960)
Jeffries, John, "Rethinking Prior Restraint," 92 Yale Law Journal 409 (1983)
Kinsley, Philip, LIBERTY & THE PRESS: A HISTORY OF THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE'S FIGHT TO PRESERVE A FREE PRESS FOR THE AMERICAN PEOPLE (Chicago Tribune, 1944), pp. 28-34
Levine, Lee, "Overview: Press Freedoms"

McCormick, Robert R., THE FREEDOM OF THE PRESS: A HISTORY & ARGUMENT (1936)
Murphy, Paul L., "Near v. Minnesota in the Context of Historical Developments," 66 Minnesota Law Review 95 (1981)
Powe, Jr., Lucas, THE FOURTH ESTATE & THE CONSTITUTION (1991), pp. 142-147
Redish, Martin, "The Proper Role of the Prior Restraint Doctrine in First Amendment Theory," 70 Virginia Law Review 53 (1984)
Smolla, Rodney, SMOLLA & NIMMER ON FREEDOM OF SPEECH (1994), sects. 8.01[3][a]
Tribe, Laurence, AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW (2nd ed., 1988), pp. 1039-1040
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New York Times Co. v. United States (1971)  [Findlaw]

Secondary Link New York Times Co. v. United States  [Legal Information Institute]
Argument Date 06/26/1971
Decided 6/30/1971
Supreme Court Vote 6-3
Note According to David Rudenstine, the per curiam opinion was prepared by Justice William Brennan, Jr.
Supreme Court Ruling First Amendment claim sustained.
 
IssueWhether the New York Times and the Washington Post could be enjoined from publishing excerpts from a classified Defense Department study of U.S. involvement in the Indochina War.
Majority Opinion Per Curiam
Concurring Opinion Black, J., & Douglas, J., & Brennan, J., & Stewart, J., & White, J., & Marshall J.
Dissenting Opinion Burger, C.J., & Harlan, J., & Blackmun, J.
Certiorari Granted 06/25/1971
Lower Court DC Circuit
Lower Court Ruling First Amendment claim sustained
Oral Arguments Oral Arguments  [Oyez]
-- edited transcript in Irons, Peter, editor, MAY IT PLEASE THE COURT: THE FIRST AMENDMENT (1997), pp. 186-194
Lawyers
For Petitioner
Alexander M. Bickel

For Respondent
William R. Glendon argued the cause for respondents in No. 1885

For United States
Solicitor General Griswold

Briefs
For Amicus
Bob Eckhardt and Thomas I. Emerson for Twenty-Seven Members of Congress

Norman Dorsen, Melvin L. Wulf, Burt Neuborne, Bruce J. Ennis, Osmond K. Fraenkel, & Marvin M. Karpatkin for the American Civil Liberties Union

Victor Rabinowitz for the National Emergency Civil Liberties Committee

News Stories & Commentary
"Excerpts From Oral Arguments on U.S. Effort to Obtain Documents From Times," New York Times," June 18, 1971. p. 14 [F. Dis. Ct.]
Editorial, ".. And the Press's Right to Publish," Washington Post, June 17, 1971, sect. A, p. 18
Editorial, "An Enlightened People," New York Times, July 1, 1971
Editorial, The Court & the Press," Evening Star (Wash., D.C.), July 1, 1971
Graham, Fred, "Paper Gives List Identifying Material It Has; U.S. Fails to Get Court Order on Study," New York Times, June 18, 1971. p. 1
Wicker, Tom, "The 'Irreparable Injury'," New York Times, June 17, 1971. p. 41
Other
Abrams, Floyd, SPEAKING FREELY: TRIALS OF THE FIRST AMENDMENT (2005), pp. 1-31

Chemerinsky, Erwin, CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: POLICIES & PRINCIPLES (1997), pp. 777-780
Cox, Archibald, "Foreword: Freedom of Expression in the Burger Court," 94 Harvard Law Review 1 (1980)
Dickson, Del, THE SUPREME COURT IN CONFERENCE (1940-1985): THE PRIVATE DISCUSSIONS BEHIND NEARLY 300 SUPREME COURT DECISIONS (2001), pp. 369-372
Godofsky & Rogatnick, "Prior Restraints: The Pentagon Papers Case Revisted, 18 Cumberland Law Review 527 (1988)
Greenhouse, Linda, BECOMING JUSTICE BLACKMUN: HARRY BLACKMUN'S SUPREME COURT JOURNEY (2005), pp. 69-71
Junger, "Down Memory Lane: The Case of the Pentagon Papers," 23 Case Western Law Review 3 (1971)
Maltese, John A., "National Security vs. Freedom of the Press," in Gregg Ivers & Kevin McGuire, editors, CREATING CONSTITUTIONAL CHANGE: CLASHES OVER POWER & LIBERTY IN THE SUPREME COURT (2004), pp. 233-248

Powe, Jr., Lucas, THE FOURTH ESTATE & THE CONSTITUTION (1991), pp. 97-105
Prados, John & Porter, Margaret Pratt, INSIDE THE PENTAGON PAPERS (University Press of Kansas, 2004)

Rudenstine, David, THE DAY THE PRESSES STOPPED: A HISTROY OF THE PENTAGON PAPERS CASE (1996)
Stone, Geoffrey R., PERILOUS TIMES: FREE SPEECH IN WARTIME (Norton, 2004)
Symposium, "National Security & the First Amendment," 26 William & Mary Law Review 715 (1985)
Tribe, Laurence, AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW (2nd ed, 1988), pp. 959, 960, 1039, 1041, 1046, 1047, 1048, 1053, 1676, 1677
Unger, Sanford, THE PAPERS AND THE PAPERS (1973)
 SEARCH MORE
About this site
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