First Amendment topicsAbout the First Amendment
News Story
 
Video-game makers re-rate 'Grand Theft Auto' adults only

By The Associated Press
07.21.05

SAN FRANCISCO — The video-game industry's decision to give an adults-only rating to the best-selling "Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas" because of explicit sexual content could signal the start of a crackdown on raunchy games.

The rating change followed intense pressure from politicians and media-watch groups. Retailers reacted swiftly: Wal-Mart Stores Inc., Target Corp. and Best Buy Co. said yesterday they would pull all copies from their store shelves nationwide.

Rockstar Games, the producer of "Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas," said it had stopped making the current version of the game, which includes graphic sex scenes that can be unlocked with an Internet download. The game was released in October with an "M" rating, for players 17 and older.

Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton, D-New York, applauded the change but said she was disturbed that the sexual material appeared on store shelves in the first place. She repeated her request that the Federal Trade Commission investigate video games, and called on the Entertainment Software Rating Board to do more to police game content.

"Apparently the sexual material was embedded in the game. The company admitted that," Clinton said. "The fact remains that the company gamed the ratings system."

Rep. Joe Baca, D-Calif., said this week the video-game industry needed a good dose of government oversight and renewed a call for a law requiring the FTC to determine if the video-game industry's labeling practices are unfair or deceptive.

"Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas" was last year's top console game, selling more than 5.1 million copies in the U.S., according to market analyst NPD Group. Xbox and PC versions were released last month.

Rockstar's parent company, New York-based Take-Two Interactive Software Inc., acknowledged for the first time that the sex scenes were built into the retail version of the game. Company officials previously suggested that a modification created by outsiders added the scenes.

"The editing and finalization of any game is a complicated task and it's not uncommon for unused and unfinished content to remain on the disc," Take-Two spokesman Jim Ankner told the Associated Press.

In a statement, ESRB chief Patricia Vance said the sex scenes were programmed by Rockstar "to be inaccessible to the player." But she also acknowledged that the "credibility and utility" of the industry-run board's initial "M" rating had been "seriously undermined."

Rockstar said it would provide new labels to any retailer willing to keep selling the games and offer a downloadable patch to fix the sexual content in PC versions. The company also is working on a new, more secure version, to be rated "M," for mature.

A computer program known as Hot Coffee allows users to unlock the sex scenes. Such modifications, or "mods," are wildly popular among hard-core game-players, and have been shown to boost game sales. "Half-Life," for example, is still sold years after its release because of a Counter-Strike mod that allows for detailed counter-terrorist shoot'em-up action.

Take-Two president Paul Eibeler said "the decision to re-rate a game based on an unauthorized third-party modification presents a new challenge for parents, the interactive entertainment industry and anyone who distributes or consumes digital content."

The Parents Television Council, one of several media watchdogs that have criticized Rockstar and ESRB, called on the game publisher to recall the game and offer refunds.

"I tip my cap to that first step of showing responsibility," said Tim Winter, the council's executive director. "Phase two needs to be absolutely getting to the bottom of this coding issue. How did it get into that game? How did it get past the ratings board?"

Take-Two said net sales could drop by more than $50 million this quarter, and lowered its financial expectations for the year to set aside funds for returns of the games.


Update
Grandmother sues over 'Grand Theft Auto'
Says she bought it for grandson, 14, without knowing it contained hidden sex scenes; game maker says FTC is investigating its advertising. 07.28.05

Previous
Sen. Clinton seeks 'Grand Theft Auto' probe
New York Democrat wants FTC to investigate how players can obtain graphic porn, violence through the game. 07.15.05

Related

Video-game groups challenge California law

Industry officials call ban on selling, renting violent videos to minors a form of ‘content-based censorship’ of protected expression. 10.18.05

L.A. sues 'Grand Theft Auto' makers
Lawsuit accuses company of hiding pornographic material inside popular video game. 01.28.06

Rating & labeling entertainment
Violence & media

News summary page
View the latest news stories throughout the First Amendment Center Online.

print this   Print


Last system update: Thursday, August 21, 2008 | 17:16:17
 SEARCH  MORE
About this site
About the First Amendment
About the First Amendment Center
Video/RSS/podcasts
First Amendment programs
State of the First Amendment
reports

First Reports
Supreme Court
Experts
Columnists
First Amendment publications
First Amendment Center history
Glossary
Freedom Sings™
Events
First Amendment
Schools

Congressional Research Service reports
Guest editorials
FOI material
The First Amendment
Library

Lesson plans
freedomforum.org
Newseum
Contact us
Privacy statement
Related links