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Zobrest v. Catalina Foothills School District (docket #: 92-94) (1993)  [Findlaw]

Argument Date 02/24/1993
Decided 06/18/1993
Supreme Court Vote 5-4
Supreme Court Ruling Establishment Clause claim denied.
 
IssueWhether allowing a sign-language interpreter to accompany a deaf child to classes at parochial schools under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) would violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment.
 
Case Summary & Additional Resources
Majority Opinion Rehnquist, C.J. (joined by White, Scalia, Kennedy and Thomas, JJ.)
Dissenting Opinion Blackmun, J. (joined by Souter, J., Stevens and O’Connor, JJ. Joined Part I), & O’Connor, J. (joined by Stevens)
Lower Court 9th Circuit
Lower Court Ruling Establishment Clause claim upheld.
Oral Arguments audio record  [Oyez]
Lawyers
For Petitioner
William Bentley Ball

For Respondent
John C. Richardson

For Amicus
Deputy Solicitor General Bryson for the United States

Briefs
For Amicus
Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf, American Jewish Congress, Deaf Community Center, Inc., Christian Legal Society, United States Catholic Conference, National Jewish Commission on Law and Public Affairs (for Petitioners)

American Civil Liberties Union, Arizona School Boards Association, Council on Religious Freedom, National School Boards Association, National Committee for Public Education and Religious Liberty (for Respondents)

Opinion - Lower Court
Zobrest v. Catalina Foothills School Dist., 963 F.2d 1190, (C.A. 9 (Cal.), 1992)
News
Andersson, Elaine, "Religion May Broaden Disabilities Law," New York Times, Dec. 12, 1993, pg. 161
Greenhouse, Linda, "Court Eases Curb on Providing Aid Church Schools; Remedial Classes Public Districts Allowed to Send Teachers into Parochial Schools, The Supreme Court: Reversing Course," New York Times, Jun. 24, 1997, sect. A, pg. 1
Greenhouse, Linda, "Court Says Government May Pay For Interpreter in Religious School; Court Says Government May Pay for Parochial Student’s Interpreter," New York Times, Jun. 19, 1993, pg. 1
Greenhouse, Linda, "Justices to Hear 2 Cases on Religion and Schools," New York Times, Oct. 6, 1992, sect. A, pg. 20
Lewin, Tamar, "A Test of Church-State Relations in a Deaf Student’s Need; High stakes over a sign-language interpreter," New York Times, Feb. 22, 1993, sect. A, pg. 10
Other
Chemerinsky, Erwin, CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: PRINCIPLES & POLICIES (2nd ed., 2002), sect. 12.2.62
Nowak, John E. & Rotunda, Ronald D., PRINCIPLES OF CONSTITUTIONAL LAW (2ND ED., 2005), sect.17.4
Witte, John, Jr., RELIGION AND THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONAL EXPERIMENT (2000), pp. 150-151, 177
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