First Amendment topicsAbout the First Amendment
Justices: Majority Opinions
Cases organized by subheading
Chronological list of cases
Samuel A. Alito, Jr.
Supreme Court Justice
Davis v. Federal Election Commission (2008)
Hugo L. Black
Supreme Court Justice
Adderley v. Florida (1966)
Associated Press v. United States (1945)
Baird v. State Bar of Arizona (1971)
Bridges v. California (1941)
Donaldson v. Read Magazine, Inc. (1948)
Giboney v. Empire Storage & Ice Co. (1949)
Jamison v. State of Texas (1943)
Marsh v. Alabama (1946)
Martin v. City of Struthers (1943)
Schacht v. United States (1970)
Talley v. California (1960)
Tucker v. Texas (1946)
Wieman v. Updergraff (1952)
Harry A. Blackmun
Supreme Court Justice
Bates v. State Bar of Arizona (1977)
Bigelow v. Virginia (1975)
Forsyth County, Georgia v. Nationalist Movement (1992)
Lehnert v. Ferris Faculty Association (1991)
Secretary of State of Maryland v. Joseph H. Munson Co., Inc. (1984)
Smith v. United States (1977)
Southeastern Promotions, Ltd. v. Conrad (1975)
Thornburgh v. Abbott (1989)
Virginia State Board of Pharmacy v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council, Inc. (1976)
Louis D. Brandeis
Supreme Court Justice
Senn v. Tile Layers Protective Union, Local No. 5 (1937)
Sugarman v. United States (1919)
William J. Brennan, Jr.
Supreme Court Justice
A Book Named "John Cleland's Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure" v. Attorney General of Massachusetts (1966)
Bachellar v. Maryland (1970)
Bantam Books, Inc. v. Sullivan (1963)
Blount v. Rizzi (1971)
Carey v. Brown (1980)
Carey v. Population Services International (1977)
City of Houston, Texas v. Hill (1987)
City of Lakewood v. Plain Dealer Publishing Co. (1988)
Communist Party of Indiana v. Whitcomb (1974)
Dombrowski, et al v. Pfister (1965)
Freedman v. Maryland (1965)
Garrison v. Louisiana (1964)
Ginsberg v. New York (1968)
Ginzburg v. United States (1966)
Globe Newspaper Co. v. Superior Court (1982)
Gooding v. Wilson (1972)
International Association of Machinists v. Street (1961)
Keyishian v. Board of Regents (1967)
Lewis v. City of New Orleans (1974)
Marcus v. Search Warrant (1961)
Mishkin v. New York (1966)
NAACP v. Button (1963)
New York Times Co. v. Sullivan (1964)
Riley v. National Federation of the Blind (1988)
Roberts v. United States Jaycees (1984)
Rosenblatt v. Baer (1966)
Roth v. United States (1957)
Rutan v. Republican Party of Illinois (1990)
Smith v. California (1959)
Speiser v. Randall (1958)
Texas v. Johnson (1989)
Time, Inc. v. Hill (1967)
Virginia v. American Booksellers Association (1988)
Stephen G. Breyer
Supreme Court Justice
City of Littleton v. Z.J. Gifts (2004)
Denver Area Educ. Telecommunications Consortium v. FCC (1996)
McConnell v. Federal Election Commission (2003)
Tory v. Cochran (2005)
Warren E. Burger
Chief Justice of the United States
Arcara v. Cloud Books, Inc. (1986)
Bethel School Dist. No. 403 v. Fraser (1986)
CBS, Inc. v. FCC (1981)
Heller v. New York (1973)
Hynes v. Mayor of Oradell (1976)
Landmark Communications, Inc. v. Virginia (1978)
Miami Herald Publishing Co. v. Tornillo (1974)
Miller v. California (1973)
Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart (1976)
Organization for a Better Austin v. Keefe (1971)
Paris Adult Theatre I v. Slaton (1973)
Pinkus v. United States (1978)
Press-Enterprise Co. v. Superior Court of California (1984)
Richmond Newspapers, Inc. v. Virginia (1980)
Roaden v. Kentucky (1973)
United States v. O'Brien (1968)
United States v. Orito (1973)
Wooley v. Maynard (1977)
Supreme Court Chief Justice & Associate Justice
Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc. v. Democratic National Committee (1973)
Harold Burton
Supreme Court Justice
Beilan v. Board of Public Education (1958)
International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers v. NLRB (1951)
Lorain Journal Co. v. United States (1951)
Plumbers Union v. Graham (1953)
Public Utilities Commission v. Pollak (1952)
Pierce Butler
Supreme Court Justice
United States v. Schwimmer (1929) overruled by Girouard v. United States (1946)
Tom C. Clark
Supreme Court Justice
Garner v. Los Angeles Board (1951)
Joseph Burstyn, Inc. v. Wilson (1952)
Times Film Corp. v City of Chicago (1961)
Uphaus v. Wyman (1959)
Wieman v. Updergraff (1952)
John H. Clarke
Supreme Court Chief Justice & Associate Justice
Abrams v. United States (1919)
Supreme Court Justice
United States ex rel Milwaukee Social Democratic Publishing Co. v. Burleson (1921)
William O. Douglas
Supreme Court Justice
Ashton v. Kentucky (1966)
Citizen Publishing Co. v. United States (1969)
Craig v. Harney (1947)
DeGregory v. New Hampshire Attorney General (1966)
Elfbrandt v. Russell (1966)
Follett v. Town of McCormick (1944)
Fowler v. Rhode Island (1953)
Lamont v. Postmaster General (1965)
Mabee v. White Plains Publising Company (1946)
Old Dominion Branch No. 46, National Ass’n of Letter Carriers, AFL-CIO v. Austin (1974)
Railway Employes' Dept. v. Hanson (1956)
Saia v. New York (1948)
Schneider v. Smith (1968)
Terminiello v. Chicago (1949)
Stephen J. Field
Supreme Court Justice
Ex parte Jackson (1877)
Abe Fortas
Supreme Court Justice
Carroll v. President & Commissioners of Princess Anne et al (1968)
Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School Dist. (1969)
Felix Frankfurter
Supreme Court Justice
American Federation of Labor v. Swing (1941)
Beauharnais v. Illinois (1952)
Butler v. Michigan (1957)
Cafeteria Employees Union v. Angelos (1943)
Carpenters & Joiners Union of America, Local No. 213 v. Ritters Café (1942)
Hotel Employees Local v. Wisconsin Employment Relations Board (1942)
Hughes v. Superior Court of California (1950)
Kingsley Books, Inc., v. Brown (1957)
Milk Wagon Drivers Union v. Meadowmoor (1941)
National Broadcasting Corporation v. United States (1943)
Teamsters Local 695 v. Vogt (1957)
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Supreme Court Justice
City News and Novelty, Inc. v. City of Waukesha (2001)
Eldred v. Ashcroft (2003)
Ibanez v. Florida Dept. of Business & Professional Regulation Board (1994)
Madigan v. Telemarketing Associates, Inc. (2003)
John M. Harlan
Supreme Court Justice
Patterson v. Colorado (1907) overruled by Stromberg v. California (1931)
John M. Harlan, II
Supreme Court Justice
Barenblatt v. United States (1959)
Cammarano v. United States (1959)
Cohen v. California (1971)
In re Anastaplo (1961) overruled by Baird v. State Bar of Arizona (1971)
Konigsberg v. State Bar of California, II (1961)
Manual Enterprises v. Day (1962)
NAACP v. Alabama (1958)
Street v. New York (1969)
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
Supreme Court Justice
Debs v. United States (1919)
Fox v. Washington (due process) (1915)
Frohwerk v. United States (1919)
Patterson v. Colorado (1907) overruled by Stromberg v. California (1931)
Schenck v. United States (1919)
Charles Evans Hughes
Chief Justice of the United States
Cox v. New Hampshire (1941)
DeJonge v. Oregon (1937)
Lovell v. City of Griffin (1938)
Near v. Minnesota (1931)
Stromberg v. California (1931)
Robert H. Jackson
Supreme Court Justice
Bakery & Pastry Drivers & Helpers Local v. Wohl (1942)
Harisiades v. Shaughnessy (1952)
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943)
Anthony Kennedy
Supreme Court Justice
Arkansas Educational Television Commission v. Forbes (1998)
Ashcroft v. ACLU, II (2004)
Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition (2002)
Board of Regents v. Southworth (2000)
Edenfield v. Fane (1993)
Garcetti v. Ceballos (2006)
Legal Services Corporation v. Velazquez (2001)
Masson v. New Yorker Magazine (1991)
O'Hare Truck Service v. City of Northlake (1996)
Overton v. Bazzetta (2003)
Rosenberger v. Rector & Visitors of the University of Virginia (1995)
Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. v. FCC (1994)
Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. v. FCC (II) (1997)
United States v. Playboy Entertainment Group (2000)
United States v. United Foods, Inc. (2001)
Ward v. Rock Against Racism (1989)
Thurgood Marshall
Freedom of Expression
Interstate Circuit, Inc. v. City of Dallas (1968)
Supreme Court Justice
Amalgamated Food Employees Union v. Logan Valley Plaza, Inc. (1968) overruled by Hudgens v. NLRB (1976)
Arkansas Writers' Project, Inc. v. Ragland (1987)
Austin v. Michigan Chamber of Commerce (1990)
Bolger v. Youngs Drug Products Corp. (1983)
Brown v. Socialist Workers '74 Campaign Committee (1982)
FCC v. National Citizens Committee for Broadcasting (1978)
Grayned v. City of Rockford (1972)
Interstate Circuit, Inc. v. Dallas (1968)
Linmark Associates, Inc. v. Township of Willingboro (1977)
Old Dominion Branch No. 46, National Ass’n of Letter Carriers, AFL-CIO v. Austin (1974)
Pickering v. Board of Education (1968)
Police Dept. of City of Chicago v. Mosley (1972)
Rankin v. McPherson (1987)
Stanley v. Georgia (1969)
Tashjian v. Republican Party of Connecticut (1986)
The Florida State Bar v. B.F.J. (1989)
Village of Hoffman Estates v. Flipside (1982)
Joseph McKenna
Supreme Court Justice
Mutual Film Corporation v. Industrial Commission of Ohio (1915) overruled by Joseph Burstyn, Inc. v. Wilson (1952)
Schaefer v. United States (1920)
Sherman Minton
Supreme Court Justice
Adler v. Board of Education (1952)
Building Service Employees International Union, Local No. 262 v. Gazzam (1950)
Frank Murphy
Supreme Court Justice
Carlson v. California (1940)
Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire (1942)
Thornhill v. Alabama (1940)
Sandra Day O'Connor
Supreme Court Justice
Board of Airport Commissioners v. Jews for Jesus (1987)
Board of County Commissioners v. Umbehr (1996)
City of Los Angeles v. Alameda Books (2002)
Cornelius v. NAACP Legal Defense & Ed. Fund, Inc. (1985)
Florida Bar v. Went for It, Inc. (1995)
Frisby v. Schultz (1988)
Leathers v. Medlock (1991)
Lorillard Tobacco Co. v. Reilly (2001)
McConnell v. Federal Election Commission (2003)
Minnesota Board for Community Colleges v. Knight (1984)
National Endowment for the Arts v. Finley (1998)
Simon & Schuster v. New York Crime Victims Board (1991)
Thompson v. Western States Medical Center (2002)
Turner v. Safley (1987)
United States v. Albertini (1985)
Virginia v. Black (2003)
Mahlon Pitney
Supreme Court Justice
Pierce v. United States (1920)
Lewis F. Powell, Jr.
Supreme Court Justice
Board of Directors of Rotary Club International v. Rotary Club (1987)
Brown v. Glines (1980)
Central Hudson Gas & Electric Corp. v. Public Service Comm. (1980)
Consolidated Edison Co. v. Public Service Commission (1980)
Erznoznik v. City of Jacksonville (1975)
Gertz v. Welch (1974)
Healy v. James (1972)
In re Primus (1978)
In re R.M.J. (1982)
Marks v. United States (1977)
Ohralik v. Ohio State Bar Assn. (1978)
Old Dominion Branch No. 46, National Ass’n of Letter Carriers, AFL-CIO v. Austin (1974)
Procunier v. Martinez (1974)
San Francisco Arts & Athletics v. U.S. Olympic Committee (1987)
Smith v. Goguen (1974)
Wayte v. United States (1985)
Widmar v. Vincent (1981)
Stanley Reed
Supreme Court Justice
Breard v. City of Alexandria (1951)
Kovacs v. Cooper (1949)
Largent v. Texas (1943)
Poulos v. New Hampshire (1953)
United Public Workers v. Mitchell (1947)
Winters v. New York (1948)
William H. Rehnquist
Supreme Court Chief Justice & Associate Justice
Alexander v. United States (1993)
American Radio Assn., AFL-CIO v. Mobile Steamship Assn., Inc. (1974)
Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000)
Butterworth v. Smith (1990)
California v. LaRue (1972)
City of Dallas v. Stanglin (1989)
City of Los Angeles v. Preferred Communications (1986)
City of Renton v. Playtime Theatres, Inc (1986)
Dawson v. Delaware (1992)
Doran v. Salem Inn, Inc. (1975)
FEC v. National Right to Work Committee (1982)
Gentile v. State Bar of Nevada (1991)
Hamling v. United States (1974)
Hustler Magazine v. Falwell (1988)
International Society for Krishna Consciousness v. Lee (1992)
Jones v. North Carolina Prisoners' Union (1977)
Keller v. State Bar of California (1990)
Los Angeles Police Dept. v. United Reported Publishing Corp. (1999)
Madsen v. Women's Health Center, Inc. (1994)
McConnell v. Federal Election Commission (2003)
McKinney v. Alabama (1976)
Milkovich v. Lorain Journal Co. (1990)
Mount Healthy City School District Board of Education v. Doyle (1977)
Parker v. Levy (1974)
Posadas de Puerto Rico Associates v. Tourism Co. of Puerto Rico (1986)
Pruneyard Shopping Center v. Robins (1980)
Rust v. Sullivan (1991)
Timmons v. Twin Cities Area New Party (1997)
United States Postal Service v. Greenburgh Civic Assns. (1981)
Owen J. Roberts
Supreme Court Justice
Associated Press v. NLRB (1937)
Cantwell v. Connecticut (1940)
Herndon v. Lowry (1937)
Schneider v. New Jersey (1939)
Taylor v. Mississippi (1943)
Valentine v. Chrestensen (1942) overruled by Virginia State Board of Pharmacy v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council, Inc. (1976)
John G. Roberts, Jr.
Chief Justice of the United States
Federal Election Commission v. Wisconsin Right to Life, Inc. (2007)
Morse et al. v. Frederick (2007)
Rumsfeld v. Forum for Academic & Institutional Rights (2006)
Wiley B. Rutledge
Supreme Court Justice
Thomas v. Collins (1945)
Edward T. Sanford
Supreme Court Justice
Fiske v. Kansas (1927)
Gitlow v. New York (1925)
Ruthenberg v. Michigan (1927)
Whitney v. California (1927) overruled by Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969)
Antonin Scalia
Freedom of Expression
Nebraska Cattlemen Inc. v. Livestock Marketing Association (2005)
Supreme Court Justice
Board of Trustees, State Univ. of New York v. Fox (1989)
California Democratic Party v. Jones (2000)
Davenport v. Washington Education Association (2007)
New York State Board of Elections v. Lopez Torres (2008)
R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul (1992)
Republican Party of Minnesota v. White (2002)
Thomas v. Chicago Park District (2001)
United States v. Williams (2008)
Virginia v. Hicks (2003)
Washington v. Washington Education Association (2007)
David H. Souter
Supreme Court Justice
Federal Election Comm. v. Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee (2001)
Federal Election Commission v. Beaumont (2003)
Hurley v. Irish-American Gay Group of Boston (1995)
Nixon v. Shrink Missouri Government PAC (2000)
Norman v. Reed (1992)
John Paul Stevens
Elk Grove Unified School Dist. v. Newdow (2004)
Chief Justice of the United States
McConnell v. Federal Election Commission (2003)
Supreme Court Justice
44 Liquormart v. Rhode Island (1996)
Anderson v. Celebrezze (1983)
Bartnicki v. Vopper (2001)
Bose Corp. v. Consumers Union of United States, Inc. (1984)
City Council of Los Angeles v. Taxpayers for Vincent (1984)
City of Cincinnati v. Discovery Network (1993)
City of Ladue v. Gilleo (1994)
Consolidated Edison Co. v. Public Service Commission (1980)
Federal Trade Commission v. Superior Court Trial Lawyers Association (1990)
Glickman v. Wileman Brothers & Elliott, Inc (1997)
Greater New Orleans Broadcasting Association v. United States (1999)
Harte-Hanks Communications v. Connaughton (1989)
Hill v. Colorado (2000)
Lowe v. Securities Exchange Commission (1985)
McConnell v. Federal Election Commission (2003)
McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Commission (1995)
Meese v. Keene (1987)
Meyer v. Grant (1988)
Reno v. ACLU (1997)
Teachers v. Hudson (1986)
Tennessee Secondary School Athletic Assoc v. Brentwood Academy (2007)
Watchtower Bible & Tract Society v. Village of Stratton (2002)
Potter Stewart
Supreme Court Justice
Abood v. Detroit Board of Education (1977)
Bates v. City of Little Rock (1960)
Braden v. United States (1961)
Edwards v. South Carolina (1963)
Gannett Co. v. DePasquale (1979)
Greenbelt Cooperative Publishing Association v. Bresler (1970)
Jenness v. Fortson (1971)
Kingsley Pictures Corporation v. Regents (1959)
Law Students Research Council v. Wadmond (1971)
Perry v. Sindermann (1972)
Shelton v. Tucker (1960)
Shuttlesworth v. City of Birmingham (1969)
Stanford v. Texas (1965)
Time, Inc. v. Pape (1971)
Walker v. City of Birmingham (1967)
Wilkinson v. United States (1961)
Clarence Thomas
Supreme Court Justice
Ashcroft v. ACLU (2002)
Clingman v. Beaver (2005)
Good News Club v. Milford Central School (2001)
Rubin v. Coors Brewing Co. (1995)
Shaw v. Murphy (2001)
Washington State Grange v. Washington State Republican Party (2008)
Fred M. Vinson
Chief Justice of the United States
American Communications Association v. Douds (1950) effectively overruled by United States v. Brown (1965)
Dennis v. United States (1951)
Feiner v. New York (1951)
Kunz v. New York (1951)
Niemotko v. Maryland (1951)
Earl Warren
Chief Justice of the United States
Bond v. Floyd (1966)
Gregory v. City of Chicago (1969)
United States v. O'Brien (1968)
United States v. Robel (1967)
Watkins v. United States (1957)
Wood v. Georgia (1962)
Byron R. White
Supreme Court Justice
American Party of Texas v. White (1974)
Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc. (1986)
Baggett v. Bullitt (1964)
Branzburg v. Hayes (1972)
Broadrick v. Oklahoma (1973)
Brockett v. Spokane Arcades, Inc. (1985)
Clark v. Community for Creative Non-Violence (1984)
Cohen v. California (1971)
Connick v. Myers (1983)
Cox Broadcasting Corp. v. Cohn (1975)
Fort Wayne Books, Inc. v. Indiana (1989)
Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier (1988)
Herbert v. Lando (1979)
Munro v. Socialist Workers Party (1986)
New York State Club Assn., Inc. v. City of New York (1988)
New York v. Ferber (1982)
Osborne v. Ohio (1990)
Pope v. Illinois (1987)
Red Lion Broadcasting v. FCC (1969)
Regan v. Time, Inc. (1984)
Sable Communications of California v. FCC (1989)
Schad v. Mount Ephraim (1981)
Schaumburg v. Citizens for a Better Environment (1980)
St. Amant v. Thompson (1968)
Storer v. Brown (1974)
Teachers v. Hudson (1986)
United States Civil Service Comm. v. National Assn. of Letter Carriers (1973)
United States v. Edge Broadcasting Co. (1993)
Ward v. Illinois (1977)
Zacchini v. Scripps-Howard Broadcasting Co. (1977)
Zauderer v. Office of Disciplinary Counsel (1985)
Zurcher v. Stanford Daily (1978)
Zurcher v. Stanford Daily (1978)
Edward D. White
Supreme Court Justice
Davis v. Massachusetts (1897)
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