First Amendment topicsAbout the First Amendment
Justices: Separate Opinions
Cases organized by subheading
Chronological list of cases
Samuel A. Alito, Jr.
Supreme Court Justice
Federal Election Commission v. Wisconsin Right to Life, Inc. (2007)
Randall v. Sorrell (2006)
Hugo L. Black
Supreme Court Justice
A Book Named "John Cleland's Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure" v. Attorney General of Massachusetts (1966)
A Quantity of Books v. Kansas (1964)
Adler v. Board of Education (1952)
Amalgamated Food Employees Union v. Logan Valley Plaza, Inc. (1968) overruled by Hudgens v. NLRB (1976)
Barenblatt v. United States (1959)
Bates v. City of Little Rock (1960)
Beauharnais v. Illinois (1952)
Blount v. Rizzi (1971)
Braden v. United States (1961)
Breard v. City of Alexandria (1951)
Brown v. Louisiana (1966)
Building Service Employees International Union, Local No. 262 v. Gazzam (1950)
Butler v. Michigan (1957)
Cameron v. Johnson (1965)
Carlson v. Landon (1952)
Carpenters & Joiners Union of America, Local No. 213 v. Ritters Café (1942)
Communist Party of the United States v. Subversive Activities Control Board (1961)
Curtis Publishing Co. v. Butts (1967)
Dennis v. United States (1951)
Feiner v. New York (1951)
Garner v. Los Angeles Board (1951)
Gibson v. Florida Legislative Investigation Committee (1963)
Gregory v. City of Chicago (1969)
In re Anastaplo (1961) overruled by Baird v. State Bar of Arizona (1971)
In re Stolar (1971)
International Association of Machinists v. Street (1961)
Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee v. McGrath (1951)
Kingsley Pictures Corporation v. Regents (1959)
Konigsberg v. State Bar of California, II (1961)
Kovacs v. Cooper (1949)
Law Students Research Council v. Wadmond (1971)
Milk Wagon Drivers Union v. Meadowmoor (1941)
Mishkin v. New York (1966)
New York Times Co. v. Sullivan (1964)
New York Times Co. v. United States (1971)
NLRB v. Fruit & Vegetable Packers (1964)
Pennekamp v. Florida (1946)
Plumbers Union v. Graham (1953)
Poulos v. New Hampshire (1953)
Public Utilities Commission v. Pollak (1952)
Rosenblatt v. Baer (1966)
Scales v. United States (1961)
Smith v. California (1959)
Speiser v. Randall (1958)
Street v. New York (1969)
Time, Inc. v. Pape (1971)
Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School Dist. (1969)
United Public Workers v. Mitchell (1947)
United States v. Reidel (1971)
Uphaus v. Wyman II (1960)
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943)
Wilkinson v. United States (1961)
Yates v. United States (1957)
Harry A. Blackmun
Supreme Court Justice
Arcara v. Cloud Books, Inc. (1986)
Baird v. State Bar of Arizona (1971)
Board of Trustees, State Univ. of New York v. Fox (1989)
Burson v. Freeman (1992)
CBS v. Democratic National Committee (1973)
Central Hudson Gas & Electric Corp. v. Public Service Comm. (1980)
City of Cincinnati v. Discovery Network (1993)
City of Houston, Texas v. Hill (1987)
City of Los Angeles v. Preferred Communications (1986)
Cohen v. Cowles Media Co. (1991)
Consolidated Edison Co. v. Public Service Commission (1980)
Cornelius v. NAACP Legal Defense & Ed. Fund, Inc. (1985)
Dawson v. Delaware (1992)
Federal Trade Commission v. Superior Court Trial Lawyers Association (1990)
Fort Wayne Books, Inc. v. Indiana (1989)
Gannett Co. v. DePasquale (1979)
Gooding v. Wilson (1972)
Harte-Hanks Communications v. Connaughton (1989)
In re Stolar (1971)
Lewis v. City of New Orleans (1974)
Lucas v. Arkansas (1974)
McKinney v. Alabama (1976)
Meese v. Keene (1987)
Parker v. Levy (1974)
Police Dept. of City of Chicago v. Mosley (1972)
Pope v. Illinois (1987)
Press-Enterprise Co. v. Superior Court of California (1984)
Pruneyard Shopping Center v. Robins (1980)
R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul (1992)
Schad v. Mount Ephraim (1981)
Smith v. Goguen (1974)
Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. v. FCC (II) (1997)
Ward v. Rock Against Racism (1989)
Young v. American Mini Theatres (1976)
Louis D. Brandeis
Supreme Court Justice
Gilbert v. Minnesota (1920)
Pierce v. United States (1920)
Ruthenberg v. Michigan (1927)
Schaefer v. United States (1920)
United States ex rel Milwaukee Social Democratic Publishing Co. v. Burleson (1921)
Whitney v. California (1927) overruled by Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969)
William J. Brennan, Jr.
Supreme Court Justice
A Quantity of Books v. Kansas (1964)
Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc. (1986)
Austin v. Michigan Chamber of Commerce (1990)
Beilan v. Board of Public Education (1958)
Bethel School Dist. No. 403 v. Fraser (1986)
Broadrick v. Oklahoma (1973)
Brown v. Louisiana (1966)
California v. LaRue (1972)
Central Hudson Gas & Electric Corp. v. Public Service Comm. (1980)
City Council of Los Angeles v. Taxpayers for Vincent (1984)
City of Renton v. Playtime Theatres, Inc (1986)
Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc. v. Democratic National Committee (1973)
Connick v. Myers (1983)
Curtis Publishing Co. v. Butts (1967)
Federal Communications Commission v. Pacifica (1978)
Federal Trade Commission v. Superior Court Trial Lawyers Association (1990)
Frisby v. Schultz (1988)
FW/PBS., Inc. v. City of Dallas (1990)
Gertz v. Welch (1974)
Hamling v. United States (1974)
Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier (1988)
Heller v. New York (1973)
Herbert v. Lando (1979)
Hynes v. Mayor of Oradell (1976)
Jacobellis v. Ohio (1964)
Kingsley Books, Inc., v. Brown (1957)
Konigsberg v. State Bar of California, II (1961)
Lehman v. City of Shaker Heights (1974)
Liles v. Oregon (1976)
Marks v. United States (1977)
Massachusetts v. Oakes (1989)
McKinney v. Alabama (1976)
Memoirs v. Massachusetts (1966)
Metro Media, Inc. v. City of San Diego (1981)
Milkovich v. Lorain Journal Co. (1990)
Miller v. California (1973)
Minnesota Board for Community Colleges v. Knight (1984)
Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart (1976)
New York Times Co. v. United States (1971)
New York v. Ferber (1982)
Osborne v. Ohio (1990)
Paris Adult Theatre I v. Slaton (1973)
Perry v. Sindermann (1972)
Pinkus v. United States (1978)
Pope v. Illinois (1987)
Posadas de Puerto Rico Associates v. Tourism Co. of Puerto Rico (1986)
Regan v. Time, Inc. (1984)
Richmond Newspapers, Inc. v. Virginia (1980)
Roaden v. Kentucky (1973)
Sable Communications of California v. FCC (1989)
San Francisco Arts & Athletics v. U.S. Olympic Committee (1987)
Shapero v. Kentucky Bar Association (1988)
Smith v. California (1959)
Storer v. Brown (1974)
United States Postal Service v. Greenburgh Civic Assns. (1981)
United States v. Kokinda (1990)
United States v. Orito (1973)
United States v. Robel (1967)
Uphaus v. Wyman (1959)
Uphaus v. Wyman II (1960)
Ward v. Illinois (1977)
Wilkinson v. United States (1961)
Zauderer v. Office of Disciplinary Counsel (1985)
Stephen G. Breyer
Freedom of Expression
Randall v. Sorrell (2006)
Supreme Court Justice
Ashcroft v. ACLU, II (2004)
Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition (2002)
Bartnicki v. Vopper (2001)
Beard v. Banks (2006)
City of Chicago v. Morales (1999)
Davenport v. Washington Education Association (2007)
Eldred v. Ashcroft (2003)
Garcetti v. Ceballos (2006)
Good News Club v. Milford Central School (2001)
Johanns v. Livestock Marketing Association (2005)
Nike v. Kasky (2003)
Nixon v. Shrink Missouri Government PAC (2000)
Thompson v. Western States Medical Center (2002)
Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. v. FCC (1994)
United States v. American Library Association, Inc. (2003)
United States v. Playboy Entertainment Group (2000)
United States v. United Foods, Inc. (2001)
Washington v. Washington Education Association (2007)
Warren E. Burger
Chief Justice of the United States
Erznoznik v. City of Jacksonville (1975)
Gannett Co. v. DePasquale (1979)
Globe Newspaper Co. v. Superior Court (1982)
Gooding v. Wilson (1972)
Healy v. James (1972)
Houchins v. KQED (1978)
Jones v. North Carolina Prisoners' Union (1977)
Pacific Gas & Electric Co. v. Public Utilities Com'n. (1986)
Papish v. Board of Curators of the University of Missouri (1973)
Perry v. Sindermann (1972)
Police Dept. of City of Chicago v. Mosley (1972)
Schad v. Mount Ephraim (1981)
Times Film Corp. v City of Chicago (1961)
Vance v. Universal Amusement Co. (1980)
Harold Burton
Supreme Court Justice
Donaldson v. Read Magazine, Inc. (1948)
Garner v. Los Angeles Board (1951)
Hague v. C.I.O. (1939)
Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee v. McGrath (1951)
Pierce Butler
Supreme Court Justice
Hague v. C.I.O. (1939)
Near v. Minnesota (1931)
Stromberg v. California (1931)
Tom C. Clark
Supreme Court Justice
A Book Named "John Cleland's Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure" v. Attorney General of Massachusetts (1966)
Baggett v. Bullitt (1964)
Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee v. McGrath (1951)
Keyishian v. Board of Regents (1967)
Kingsley Pictures Corporation v. Regents (1959)
Speiser v. Randall (1958)
Sweezy v. New Hampshire (1957)
Talley v. California (1960)
Watkins v. United States (1957)
John H. Clarke
Supreme Court Justice
Schaefer v. United States (1920)
William O. Douglas
Supreme Court Justice
A Book Named "John Cleland's Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure" v. Attorney General of Massachusetts (1966)
Adderley v. Florida (1966)
Adler v. Board of Education (1952)
Amalgamated Food Employees Union v. Logan Valley Plaza, Inc. (1968) overruled by Hudgens v. NLRB (1976)
American Party of Texas v. White (1974)
American Radio Assn., AFL-CIO v. Mobile Steamship Assn., Inc. (1974)
Associated Press v. United States (1945)
Bakery & Pastry Drivers & Helpers Local v. Wohl (1942)
Beauharnais v. Illinois (1952)
Beilan v. Board of Public Education (1958)
Braden v. United States (1961)
Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969)
Branzburg v. Hayes (1972)
Broadrick v. Oklahoma (1973)
Byrne v. Karalexis (1969)
California v. LaRue (1972)
Cammarano v. United States (1959)
Cantrell v. Forest City Publishing Company (1974)
Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc. v. Democratic National Committee (1973)
Cox Broadcasting Corp. v. Cohn (1975)
Dennis v. United States (1951)
Doran v. Salem Inn, Inc. (1975)
Dun & Bradstreet Inc. v. Greenmoss Builders, Inc. (1985)
Erznoznik v. City of Jacksonville (1975)
Feiner v. New York (1951)
Garner v. Los Angeles Board (1951)
Gelling v. Texas (1952)
Gertz v. Welch (1974)
Gibson v. Florida Legislative Investigation Committee (1963)
Hamling v. United States (1974)
Harisiades v. Shaughnessy (1952)
Healy v. James (1972)
Heller v. New York (1973)
International Association of Machinists v. Street (1961)
Interstate Circuit, Inc. v. Dallas (1968)
Jenness v. Fortson (1971)
Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee v. McGrath (1951)
Karlan v. City of Cincinnati (1974)
Kingsley Books, Inc., v. Brown (1957)
Kingsley Pictures Corporation v. Regents (1959)
Manual Enterprises v. Day (1962)
Miller v. California (1973)
New York Times Co. v. United States (1971)
Paris Adult Theatre I v. Slaton (1973)
Parker v. Levy (1974)
Plumbers Union v. Graham (1953)
Poulos v. New Hampshire (1953)
Procunier v. Martinez (1974)
Public Utilities Commission v. Pollak (1952)
Roaden v. Kentucky (1973)
Rosenblatt v. Baer (1966)
Roth v. United States (1957)
Smith v. California (1959)
Southeastern Promotions, Ltd. v. Conrad (1975)
Speiser v. Randall (1958)
Superior Films v. Department of Education (1954)
Teamsters Local 695 v. Vogt (1957)
Thomas v. Collins (1945)
Times Film Corp. v City of Chicago (1961)
United Public Workers v. Mitchell (1947)
United States Civil Service Comm. v. National Assn. of Letter Carriers (1973)
United States v. Orito (1973)
United States v. United Auto Workers (1957)
Uphaus v. Wyman II (1960)
Walker v. City of Birmingham (1967)
Watts v. United States (1969)
Wilkinson v. United States (1961)
Abe Fortas
Supreme Court Justice
Brown v. Louisiana (1966)
Cameron v. Johnson (1965)
Schneider v. Smith (1968)
St. Amant v. Thompson (1968)
Watts v. United States (1969)
Felix Frankfurter
Supreme Court Justice
Adler v. Board of Education (1952)
American Communications Association v. Douds (1950) effectively overruled by United States v. Brown (1965)
Associated Press v. United States (1945)
Beilan v. Board of Public Education (1958)
Bridges v. California (1941)
Craig v. Harney (1947)
Dennis v. United States (1951)
Garner v. Los Angeles Board (1951)
Gelling v. Texas (1952)
International Association of Machinists v. Street (1961)
International Brother of Teamsters Union v. Hanke (1950)
Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee v. McGrath (1951)
Jones v. City of Opelika (II) (1943)
Joseph Burstyn, Inc. v. Wilson (1952)
Kingsley Pictures Corporation v. Regents (1959)
Kovacs v. Cooper (1949)
Marsh v. Alabama (1946)
Martin v. City of Struthers (1943)
Murdock v. Pennsylvania (1943)
Niemotko v. Maryland (1951)
Pennekamp v. Florida (1946)
Poulos v. New Hampshire (1953)
Public Utilities Commission v. Pollak (1952)
Railway Employes' Dept. v. Hanson (1956)
Saia v. New York (1948)
Shelton v. Tucker (1960)
Smith v. California (1959)
Sweezy v. New Hampshire (1957)
Tucker v. Texas (1946)
United Public Workers v. Mitchell (1947)
Watkins v. United States (1957)
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943)
Wieman v. Updergraff (1952)
Winters v. New York (1948)
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Supreme Court Justice
Davis v. Federal Election Commission (2008)
Doe v. Gonzales (2005)
Johanns v. Livestock Marketing Association (2005)
Los Angeles Police Dept. v. United Reported Publishing Corp. (1999)
McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Commission (1995)
Republican Party of Minnesota v. White (2002)
Shaw v. Murphy (2001)
Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. v. FCC (II) (1997)
John M. Harlan, II
Supreme Court Justice
A Book Named "John Cleland's Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure" v. Attorney General of Massachusetts (1966)
A Quantity of Books v. Kansas (1964)
Amalgamated Food Employees Union v. Logan Valley Plaza, Inc. (1968) overruled by Hudgens v. NLRB (1976)
Baird v. State Bar of Arizona (1971)
Citizen Publishing Co. v. United States (1969)
Cowgill v. California (1970)
Curtis Publishing Co. v. Butts (1967)
DeGregory v. New Hampshire Attorney General (1966)
Gibson v. Florida Legislative Investigation Committee (1963)
Ginzburg v. United States (1966)
In re Stolar (1971)
Interstate Circuit, Inc. v. Dallas (1968)
Jenness v. Fortson (1971)
Kingsley Pictures Corporation v. Regents (1959)
Law Students Research Council v. Wadmond (1971)
Lee Art Theatre v. Virginia (1968)
Mishkin v. New York (1966)
NAACP v. Button (1963)
NLRB v. Fruit & Vegetable Packers (1964)
Organization for a Better Austin v. Keefe (1971)
Rabeck v. New York (1968)
Redrup v. New York (1967)
Rosenblatt v. Baer (1966)
Roth v. United States (1957)
Schacht v. United States (1970)
Shelton v. Tucker (1960)
Shuttlesworth v. City of Birmingham (1969)
Talley v. California (1960)
Time, Inc. v. Hill (1967)
Time, Inc. v. Pape (1971)
United States v. O'Brien (1968)
United States v. Reidel (1971)
Wood v. Georgia (1962)
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
Supreme Court Justice
Abrams v. United States (1919)
Gitlow v. New York (1925)
Toledo Newspaper Co. v. United States (1918)
United States ex rel Milwaukee Social Democratic Publishing Co. v. Burleson (1921)
United States v. Schwimmer (1929) overruled by Girouard v. United States (1946)
Charles Evans Hughes
Supreme Court Justice
Hague v. C.I.O. (1939)
Robert H. Jackson
Supreme Court Justice
Beauharnais v. Illinois (1952)
Craig v. Harney (1947)
Dennis v. United States (1951)
Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee v. McGrath (1951)
Kunz v. New York (1951)
Saia v. New York (1948)
Thomas v. Collins (1945)
Anthony Kennedy
Supreme Court Justice
Alexander v. United States (1993)
Ashcroft v. ACLU (2002)
Austin v. Michigan Chamber of Commerce (1990)
Burson v. Freeman (1992)
California Democratic Party v. Jones (2000)
City of Chicago v. Morales (1999)
City of Los Angeles v. Alameda Books (2002)
Denver Area Educ. Telecommunications Consortium v. FCC (1996)
Federal Election Commission v. Beaumont (2003)
Florida Bar v. Went for It, Inc. (1995)
Gentile v. State Bar of Nevada (1991)
Harte-Hanks Communications v. Connaughton (1989)
Hill v. Colorado (2000)
Hirsh v. City of Atlanta (1990)
International Society for Krishna Consciousness v. Lee (1992)
Johanns v. Livestock Marketing Association (2005)
Lehnert v. Ferris Faculty Association (1991)
Lorillard Tobacco Co. v. Reilly (2001)
McConnell v. Federal Election Commission (2003)
Multimedia Holdings Corporation , dba First Coast News v. Circuit Court of Florida, St. John's County [stay application opinion] (2005)
New York State Board of Elections v. Lopez Torres (2008)
Nike v. Kasky (2003)
Nixon v. Shrink Missouri Government PAC (2000)
Randall v. Sorrell (2006)
Republican Party of Minnesota v. White (2002)
Simon & Schuster v. New York Crime Victims Board (1991)
Tennessee Secondary School Athletic Assoc v. Brentwood Academy (2007)
Texas v. Johnson (1989)
United States v. American Library Association, Inc. (2003)
United States v. Kokinda (1990)
Thurgood Marshall
Supreme Court Justice
Bethel School Dist. No. 403 v. Fraser (1986)
Buckley v. Valeo (1976)
California v. LaRue (1972)
Clark v. Community for Creative Non-Violence (1984)
Consolidated Edison Co. v. Public Service Commission (1980)
Herbert v. Lando (1979)
Hudgens v. NLRB (1976)
Jones v. North Carolina Prisoners' Union (1977)
Law Students Research Council v. Wadmond (1971)
Leathers v. Medlock (1991)
Lehnert v. Ferris Faculty Association (1991)
Lloyd Corporation, Ltd. v. Tanner (1972)
Minnesota Board for Community Colleges v. Knight (1984)
Munro v. Socialist Workers Party (1986)
New York Times Co. v. United States (1971)
Ohralik v. Ohio State Bar Assn. (1978)
Pacific Gas & Electric Co. v. Public Utilities Com'n. (1986)
Peel v. Attorney Disciplinary Commission of Illinois (1990)
Perry v. Sindermann (1972)
Press-Enterprise Co. v. Superior Court of California (1984)
Procunier v. Martinez (1974)
Pruneyard Shopping Center v. Robins (1980)
United States Postal Service v. Greenburgh Civic Assns. (1981)
United States v. Reidel (1971)
Ward v. Rock Against Racism (1989)
Wayte v. United States (1985)
James C. McReynolds
Supreme Court Justice
Hague v. C.I.O. (1939)
Stromberg v. California (1931)
Sherman Minton
Supreme Court Justice
International Brother of Teamsters Union v. Hanke (1950)
Frank Murphy
Supreme Court Justice
Associated Press v. United States (1945)
Craig v. Harney (1947)
Follett v. Town of McCormick (1944)
Mabee v. White Plains Publising Company (1946)
Martin v. City of Struthers (1943)
National Broadcasting Corporation v. United States (1943)
Sandra Day O'Connor
Supreme Court Justice
Arcara v. Cloud Books, Inc. (1986)
Ashcroft v. ACLU (2002)
Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition (2002)
City of Chicago v. Morales (1999)
City of Erie v. PAP'S A.M. (2000)
City of Ladue v. Gilleo (1994)
Clingman v. Beaver (2005)
Denver Area Educ. Telecommunications Consortium v. FCC (1996)
Edenfield v. Fane (1993)
Fort Wayne Books, Inc. v. Indiana (1989)
FW/PBS., Inc. v. City of Dallas (1990)
Gentile v. State Bar of Nevada (1991)
International Society for Krishna Consciousness v. Lee (1992)
Massachusetts v. Oakes (1989)
New York State Club Assn., Inc. v. City of New York (1988)
New York v. Ferber (1982)
Peel v. Attorney Disciplinary Commission of Illinois (1990)
Republican Party of Minnesota v. White (2002)
Rosenberger v. Rector & Visitors of the University of Virginia (1995)
Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. v. FCC (1994)
Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. v. FCC (II) (1997)
United States v. Kokinda (1990)
Waters v. Churchill (1994)
Lewis F. Powell, Jr.
Supreme Court Justice
Abood v. Detroit Board of Education (1977)
Bates v. State Bar of Arizona (1977)
City of Houston, Texas v. Hill (1987)
Communist Party of Indiana v. Whitcomb (1974)
Cox Broadcasting Corp. v. Cohn (1975)
Gannett Co. v. DePasquale (1979)
Herbert v. Lando (1979)
Lewis v. City of New Orleans (1974)
Lloyd Corporation, Ltd. v. Tanner (1972)
Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart (1976)
Pacific Gas & Electric Co. v. Public Utilities Com'n. (1986)
Pinkus v. United States (1978)
Rankin v. McPherson (1987)
Regan v. Time, Inc. (1984)
Schad v. Mount Ephraim (1981)
Smith v. United States (1977)
Young v. American Mini Theatres (1976)
Zacchini v. Scripps-Howard Broadcasting Co. (1977)
Stanley Reed
Supreme Court Justice
Carpenters & Joiners Union of America, Local No. 213 v. Ritters Café (1942)
Follett v. Town of McCormick (1944)
Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee v. McGrath (1951)
Joseph Burstyn, Inc. v. Wilson (1952)
Martin v. City of Struthers (1943)
Milk Wagon Drivers Union v. Meadowmoor (1941)
Tucker v. Texas (1946)
William H. Rehnquist
Supreme Court Chief Justice & Associate Justice
Abood v. Detroit Board of Education (1977)
Anderson v. Celebrezze (1983)
Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc. (1986)
Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition (2002)
Barnes v. Glen Theatre Inc. (1991)
Bates v. State Bar of Arizona (1977)
Bigelow v. Virginia (1975)
Bolger v. Youngs Drug Products Corp. (1983)
Bose Corp. v. Consumers Union of United States, Inc. (1984)
Carey v. Brown (1980)
Central Hudson Gas & Electric Corp. v. Public Service Comm. (1980)
City of Cincinnati v. Discovery Network (1993)
City of Houston, Texas v. Hill (1987)
Cook v. Gralike (2001)
Cox Broadcasting Corp. v. Cohn (1975)
FCC v. League of Women Voters of California (1984)
Flower v. United States (1972)
Forsyth County, Georgia v. Nationalist Movement (1992)
Gannett Co. v. DePasquale (1979)
Gentile v. State Bar of Nevada (1991)
Greater New Orleans Broadcasting Association v. United States (1999)
Healy v. James (1972)
Hess v. Indiana (1973)
Hynes v. Mayor of Oradell (1976)
In re Primus (1978)
Lee v. International Society for Krishna Consciousness (1992)
McConnell v. Federal Election Commission (2003)
Metro Media, Inc. v. City of San Diego (1981)
National Socialist Party v. Village of Skokie (1977)
Ohralik v. Ohio State Bar Assn. (1978)
Pacific Gas & Electric Co. v. Public Utilities Com'n. (1986)
Richmond Newspapers, Inc. v. Virginia (1980)
Riley v. National Federation of the Blind (1988)
Schaumburg v. Citizens for a Better Environment (1980)
Secretary of State of Maryland v. Joseph H. Munson Co., Inc. (1984)
Smith v. Goguen (1974)
Southeastern Promotions, Ltd. v. Conrad (1975)
Texas v. Johnson (1989)
United States v. American Friends Service Committee (1974)
Virginia State Board of Pharmacy v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council, Inc. (1976)
Watchtower Bible & Tract Society v. Village of Stratton (2002)
Wooley v. Maynard (1977)
Supreme Court Justice
Papish v. Board of Curators of the University of Missouri (1973)
Owen J. Roberts
Supreme Court Justice
American Federation of Labor v. Swing (1941)
Follett v. Town of McCormick (1944)
Thomas v. Collins (1945)
John G. Roberts, Jr.
Chief Justice of the United States
Washington State Grange v. Washington State Republican Party (2008)
Wiley B. Rutledge
Supreme Court Justice
Kovacs v. Cooper (1949)
Antonin Scalia
Supreme Court Justice
Arkansas Writers' Project, Inc. v. Ragland (1987)
Ashcroft v. ACLU, II (2004)
Austin v. Michigan Chamber of Commerce (1990)
Barnes v. Glen Theatre Inc. (1991)
Board of County Commissioners v. Umbehr (1996)
Board of Directors of Rotary Club International v. Rotary Club (1987)
Burson v. Freeman (1992)
Butterworth v. Smith (1990)
City of Chicago v. Morales (1999)
City of Erie v. PAP'S A.M. (2000)
City of Houston, Texas v. Hill (1987)
City of Littleton v. Z.J. Gifts (2004)
City of Los Angeles v. Alameda Books (2002)
Crawford v. Marion County Election Board (2008)
Federal Election Commission v. Wisconsin Right to Life, Inc. (2007)
FW/PBS., Inc. v. City of Dallas (1990)
Good News Club v. Milford Central School (2001)
Harte-Hanks Communications v. Connaughton (1989)
Hill v. Colorado (2000)
Indiana Democratic Party v. Rokita (2008)
Legal Services Corporation v. Velazquez (2001)
Lehnert v. Ferris Faculty Association (1991)
Los Angeles Police Dept. v. United Reported Publishing Corp. (1999)
Madigan v. Telemarketing Associates, Inc. (2003)
Madsen v. Women's Health Center, Inc. (1994)
Massachusetts v. Oakes (1989)
McConnell v. Federal Election Commission (2003)
McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Commission (1995)
National Endowment for the Arts v. Finley (1998)
New York State Club Assn., Inc. v. City of New York (1988)
Norman v. Reed (1992)
O'Hare Truck Service v. City of Northlake (1996)
Pope v. Illinois (1987)
Rankin v. McPherson (1987)
Riley v. National Federation of the Blind (1988)
Rutan v. Republican Party of Illinois (1990)
Sable Communications of California v. FCC (1989)
Tashjian v. Republican Party of Connecticut (1986)
The Florida State Bar v. B.F.J. (1989)
United States v. Playboy Entertainment Group (2000)
Washington State Grange v. Washington State Republican Party (2008)
Watchtower Bible & Tract Society v. Village of Stratton (2002)
Waters v. Churchill (1994)
David H. Souter
Supreme Court Justice
Alexander v. United States (1993)
Barnes v. Glen Theatre Inc. (1991)
Board of Regents v. Southworth (2000)
Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000)
City of Erie v. PAP'S A.M. (2000)
City of Littleton v. Z.J. Gifts (2004)
City of Los Angeles v. Alameda Books (2002)
Cohen v. California (1971)
Crawford v. Marion County Election Board (2008)
Denver Area Educ. Telecommunications Consortium v. FCC (1996)
Federal Election Commission v. Wisconsin Right to Life, Inc. (2007)
Garcetti v. Ceballos (2006)
Glickman v. Wileman Brothers & Elliott, Inc (1997)
Good News Club v. Milford Central School (2001)
Hill v. Colorado (2000)
Indiana Democratic Party v. Rokita (2008)
International Society for Krishna Consciousness v. Lee (1992)
Johanns v. Livestock Marketing Association (2005)
Lorillard Tobacco Co. v. Reilly (2001)
Madsen v. Women's Health Center, Inc. (1994)
National Endowment for the Arts v. Finley (1998)
National Organization for Women v. Scheidler (1994)
New York State Board of Elections v. Lopez Torres (2008)
Randall v. Sorrell (2006)
Rosenberger v. Rector & Visitors of the University of Virginia (1995)
Timmons v. Twin Cities Area New Party (1997)
United States v. American Library Association, Inc. (2003)
United States v. Williams (2008)
Virginia v. Black (2003)
Virginia v. Hicks (2003)
Waters v. Churchill (1994)
John Paul Stevens
Freedom of Expression
City of Littleton v. Z.J. Gifts (2004)
Supreme Court Justice
Abood v. Detroit Board of Education (1977)
Arkansas Educational Television Commission v. Forbes (1998)
Arkansas Writers' Project, Inc. v. Ragland (1987)
Ashcroft v. ACLU (2002)
Ashcroft v. ACLU, II (2004)
Beard v. Banks (2006)
Bethel School Dist. No. 403 v. Fraser (1986)
Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000)
Brown v. Glines (1980)
Burson v. Freeman (1992)
California Democratic Party v. Jones (2000)
Carey v. Population Services International (1977)
CBS, Inc. v. FCC (1981)
Central Hudson Gas & Electric Corp. v. Public Service Comm. (1980)
City of Chicago v. Morales (1999)
City of Dallas v. Stanglin (1989)
City of Erie v. PAP'S A.M. (2000)
City of Newport v. Iacobucci (1986)
Clingman v. Beaver (2005)
Cornelius v. NAACP Legal Defense & Ed. Fund, Inc. (1985)
Crawford v. Marion County Election Board (2008)
Davis v. Federal Election Commission (2008)
Denver Area Educ. Telecommunications Consortium v. FCC (1996)
Eldred v. Ashcroft (2003)
FCC v. League of Women Voters of California (1984)
Federal Trade Commission v. Superior Court Trial Lawyers Association (1990)
Fort Wayne Books, Inc. v. Indiana (1989)
Frisby v. Schultz (1988)
FW/PBS., Inc. v. City of Dallas (1990)
Garcetti v. Ceballos (2006)
Globe Newspaper Co. v. Superior Court (1982)
Good News Club v. Milford Central School (2001)
Hirsh v. City of Atlanta (1990)
Houchins v. KQED (1978)
Indiana Democratic Party v. Rokita (2008)
Jones v. North Carolina Prisoners' Union (1977)
Lorillard Tobacco Co. v. Reilly (2001)
Los Angeles Police Dept. v. United Reported Publishing Corp. (1999)
Madsen v. Women's Health Center, Inc. (1994)
Marks v. United States (1977)
McConnell v. Federal Election Commission (2003)
Minnesota Board for Community Colleges v. Knight (1984)
Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart (1976)
New York State Liquor Authority v. Bellanca (1981)
New York v. Ferber (1982)
Nixon v. Shrink Missouri Government PAC (2000)
Overton v. Bazzetta (2003)
Pacific Gas & Electric Co. v. Public Utilities Com'n. (1986)
Peel v. Attorney Disciplinary Commission of Illinois (1990)
Pinkus v. United States (1978)
Pope v. Illinois (1987)
Posadas de Puerto Rico Associates v. Tourism Co. of Puerto Rico (1986)
Press-Enterprise Co. v. Superior Court of California (1984)
R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul (1992)
Regan v. Time, Inc. (1984)
Republican Party of Minnesota v. White (2002)
Riley v. National Federation of the Blind (1988)
Rubin v. Coors Brewing Co. (1995)
Rutan v. Republican Party of Illinois (1990)
Schad v. Mount Ephraim (1981)
Secretary of State of Maryland v. Joseph H. Munson Co., Inc. (1984)
Smith v. United States (1977)
Snepp v. United States (1980)
Tashjian v. Republican Party of Connecticut (1986)
Texas v. Johnson (1989)
Thornburgh v. Abbott (1989)
Timmons v. Twin Cities Area New Party (1997)
Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. v. FCC (1994)
Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. v. FCC (II) (1997)
Turner v. Safley (1987)
United States Postal Service v. Greenburgh Civic Assns. (1981)
United States v. Albertini (1985)
United States v. American Library Association, Inc. (2003)
United States v. Edge Broadcasting Co. (1993)
United States v. Eichman (1990)
United States v. United Foods, Inc. (2001)
United States v. Williams (2008)
Virginia v. American Booksellers Association (1988)
Virginia v. Black (2003)
Ward v. Illinois (1977)
Waters v. Churchill (1994)
Widmar v. Vincent (1981)
Young v. American Mini Theatres (1976)
Zacchini v. Scripps-Howard Broadcasting Co. (1977)
Potter Stewart
Supreme Court Justice
A Book Named "John Cleland's Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure" v. Attorney General of Massachusetts (1966)
American Radio Assn., AFL-CIO v. Mobile Steamship Assn., Inc. (1974)
Baird v. State Bar of Arizona (1971)
Brown v. Glines (1980)
California v. LaRue (1972)
Cantrell v. Forest City Publishing Company (1974)
Carey v. Brown (1980)
CBS v. Democratic National Committee (1973)
Citizen Publishing Co. v. United States (1969)
Herbert v. Lando (1979)
Houchins v. KQED (1978)
In re Stolar (1971)
Landmark Communications, Inc. v. Virginia (1978)
Mishkin v. New York (1966)
Parker v. Levy (1974)
Rosenblatt v. Baer (1966)
Virginia State Board of Pharmacy v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council, Inc. (1976)
Young v. American Mini Theatres (1976)
Zurcher v. Stanford Daily (1978)
Zurcher v. Stanford Daily (1978)
Harlan Fiske Stone
Chief Justice of the United States
Hague v. C.I.O. (1939)
Jones v. City of Opelika (1942) overruled by Jones v. City of Opelika (II) (1943)
George Sutherland
Supreme Court Justice
Associated Press v. NLRB (1937)
Clarence Thomas
Freedom of Expression
Randall v. Sorrell (2006)
Supreme Court Justice
44 Liquormart v. Rhode Island (1996)
Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition (2002)
Beard v. Banks (2006)
City of Chicago v. Morales (1999)
Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee v. FEC (1996)
Dawson v. Delaware (1992)
Federal Election Comm. v. Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee (2001)
Federal Election Commission v. Beaumont (2003)
Glickman v. Wileman Brothers & Elliott, Inc (1997)
Greater New Orleans Broadcasting Association v. United States (1999)
Johanns v. Livestock Marketing Association (2005)
Lorillard Tobacco Co. v. Reilly (2001)
McConnell v. Federal Election Commission (2003)
McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Commission (1995)
Nixon v. Shrink Missouri Government PAC (2000)
Overton v. Bazzetta (2003)
Randall v. Sorrell (2006)
Rosenberger v. Rector & Visitors of the University of Virginia (1995)
Tennessee Secondary School Athletic Assoc v. Brentwood Academy (2007)
Thompson v. Western States Medical Center (2002)
Tory v. Cochran (2005)
United States v. Playboy Entertainment Group (2000)
United States v. United Foods, Inc. (2001)
Virginia v. Black (2003)
Fred M. Vinson
Chief Justice of the United States
Breard v. City of Alexandria (1951)
Earl Warren
Chief Justice of the United States
Beilan v. Board of Public Education (1958)
Communist Party of the United States v. Subversive Activities Control Board (1961)
Kingsley Books, Inc., v. Brown (1957)
Roth v. United States (1957)
Street v. New York (1969)
Sweezy v. New Hampshire (1957)
Walker v. City of Birmingham (1967)
Byron R. White
Supreme Court Justice
A Book Named "John Cleland's Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure" v. Attorney General of Massachusetts (1966)
Baird v. State Bar of Arizona (1971)
Barnes v. Glen Theatre Inc. (1991)
Bose Corp. v. Consumers Union of United States, Inc. (1984)
Cameron v. Johnson (1965)
CBS, Inc. v. FCC (1981)
City of Lakewood v. Plain Dealer Publishing Co. (1988)
Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc. v. Democratic National Committee (1973)
Elfbrandt v. Russell (1966)
Erznoznik v. City of Jacksonville (1975)
FCC v. League of Women Voters of California (1984)
FW/PBS., Inc. v. City of Dallas (1990)
Gertz v. Welch (1974)
Greenbelt Cooperative Publishing Association v. Bresler (1970)
Harte-Hanks Communications v. Connaughton (1989)
In re Stolar (1971)
Lowe v. Securities Exchange Commission (1985)
Masson v. New Yorker Magazine (1991)
Metro Media, Inc. v. City of San Diego (1981)
Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart (1976)
Peel v. Attorney Disciplinary Commission of Illinois (1990)
Pickering v. Board of Education (1968)
Pruneyard Shopping Center v. Robins (1980)
R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul (1992)
Schacht v. United States (1970)
Smith v. Goguen (1974)
Southeastern Promotions, Ltd. v. Conrad (1975)
Street v. New York (1969)
The Florida State Bar v. B.F.J. (1989)
United States Postal Service v. Greenburgh Civic Assns. (1981)
United States v. Eichman (1990)
United States v. Robel (1967)
Vance v. Universal Amusement Co. (1980)
Watts v. United States (1969)
Widmar v. Vincent (1981)
Wooley v. Maynard (1977)
Charles E. Whittaker
Supreme Court Justice
International Association of Machinists v. Street (1961)
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