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Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye, Inc. v. Hialeah (doc. #: 91-948 ) (1993)  [Findlaw]

Secondary Link Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye, Inc. v. Hialeah  [Legal Information Institute]
Argument Date 11/04/1992
Decided 6/11/1993
Supreme Court Vote 9-0
Supreme Court Ruling First Amendment claim sustained.
 
IssueWhether a city may constitutionally enact ordinances that are designed to prohibit certain religious practices.
 
Case Summary & Additional Resources
Majority Opinion Kennedy, J. (delivered the opinion of the Court re: Parts I, IIA-1, II-A-3, II-B, III, & IV)
Concurring Opinion Souter, J. (concurring in part & concurring in judgment), Blackmun, J. (concurred in judgment), Scalia, J., (concurring in part & concurring in judgment)
Lower Court 11th Circuit
Lower Court Ruling First Amendment claim denied.
Oral Arguments Oral Argument  [Oyez]
Lawyers
For Petitioner
Douglas Laycock

For Respondent
Richard G. Garrett

Briefs
For Amicus
Americans United for Separation of Church and State et al. by Edward McGlynn Gaffney, Jr., Steven T. McFarland, Bradley P. Jacob, & Michael W. McConnell (supporting Petitioner)

Council on Religious Freedom by Lee Boothby, Robert W. Nixon, Walter E. Carson, & Rolland Truman (supporting Petitioner)

Humane Society of the United States et al. by Peter Buscemi, Maureen Beyers, Roger A. Kindler, and Eugene Underwood, Jr.

Institute for Animal Rights Law et al. by Henry Mark Holzer

International Society for Animal Rights et al. by Henry Mark Holzer (supporting Respondent)

National Jewish Commission on Law and Public Affairs by Nathan Lewin and Dennis Rapps

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals et al. by Gary L. Francione (supporting Respondent)

Rutherford Institute by John W. Whitehead (supporting Petitioner)

United States Catholic Conference by Mark E. Chopko and John A. Liekweg

Washington Humane Society by E. Edward Bruce (supporting Respondent)

Opinion - Lower Court
Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye Inc. v. City of Hialeah, 723 F. Supp. 1467 (S.D. Fla. 1989).
City of Hialeah v. Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye, 936 F.2d 586, (CA 11 1991)
Other
Brown, Steve, "Blood & Precedent," in Gregg Ivers & Kevin McGuire, editors, CREATING CONSTITUTIONAL CHANGE: CLASHES OVER POWER & LIBERTY IN THE SUPREME COURT (2004), pp. 181-194

Epps, Garrett, "What We Talk About When We Talk About Free Exercise," 30 Arizona State Law Journal 563 (1998)
Gedicks, Frederick M., "The Normalized Free Exercise Clause: Three Abnormalities," 75 Indiana Law Journal 77 (2000)
Gordon, III, James D., "The New Free Exercise Clause," 26 Capital University Law Review 65 (1997)
Graglia, Lino, "Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye: Of Animal Sacrifice & Religious Persecution," 85 Georgetown Law Journal 1 (1996)
Note, "Retracting First Amendment Jurisprudence under the Free Exercise Clause," 27 University of Richmond Law Review 1127 (1993)
O'Brien, David M., ANIMAL SACRIFICE & RELIGIOUS FREEDOM (2004)

Perry, Michael J., "Freedom of Religion in the United States: Fin de Siecle Sketches," 75 Indiana Law Journal 295 (2000)
The city council resolutions and ordinances (First Amendment Online)

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