frequently asked questionscases & resources  
Cases & resources


Supreme Court
Bethel School District No. 403 v. Fraser, 478 U.S. 675 (1986)
Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier, 484 U.S. 260 (1988)
Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, 303 U.S. 593 (1969)

Beidler v. North Thurston School District, No. 99-2-00236-6 (Wash.Super.Ct.)(7/18/00)
Beussink v. Woodland R-IV School District, 30 F.Supp. 2d 1175 (E.D. Mo. 1998)
Coy v. Board of Education of North Canton Schools, 205 F.Supp. 2d 791 (N.D. Ohio 2002)
Doninger v. Niehoff, 527 F.3d 41 (2nd Cir. 2008)
Emmett v. Kent School District No. 415, 92 F.Supp. 2d 1089 (W.D. Wash. 2000)
J.S. v. Bethlehem Area School District, 807 A.2d 847 (Pa. 2002)
Klein v. Smith, 635 F.Supp. 1440 (D. Me. 1986)
Mahaffey v. Aldrich, 236 F.Supp. 2d 779 (E.D. Mich. 2002)
O’Brien v. Westlake City Sch. Bd. of Educ., No. 1:98CV647 (E.D. Ohio 1998)
Thomas v. Board of Education, Granville Central School District, 607 F.2d 1043 (2nd Cir. 1979)

Blumner, Robyn, “Censoring Students in Cyberspace.” St. Petersburg (Fla.) Times, Sept. 13, 1998, p. 4D

Calvert, Clay. “Off-Campus Speech, On-Campus Punishment: Censorship of the Emerging Internet Underground,” 7 B.U. J. Sci. & Tech. L. 243 (2001)

Caplan, Aaron. “Public School Discipline for Creating Uncensored Anonymous Internet Forums,” 39 Willamette L. Rev. 93 (2003)

Goulet, Mark C., “Schools Face A Discipline Dilemma: Proceed with Caution when Acting Against Students for Computer-Related Misconduct.” Texas Lawyer, vol. 17 (no. 23), Aug. 13, 2001, p.25

Harpaz, Leora, “Internet Speech and the First Amendment Rights of Public School Students,” B.Y.U. L. Rev. 123 (2000)

Hudson, David L. Jr., “Censorship of Student Internet Speech: The Effect of Diminishing Student Rights, Fear of the Internet and Columbine,” 2000 L. Rev. Mich. St. U. Det. C.L. 199 (2000)

Hudson, David L. Jr., "Student Online Expression: What Do the Internet and MySpace Mean for Students’ First Amendment Rights?"

Simpson, Robert E. “Limits on Students’ Speech in the Internet Age,” 105 Dick. L. Rev. 181 (2001)

Weng, K., “Type No Evil: The Proper Latitude of Public Educational Institutions in Restricting Expressions of Their Students on the Internet,” 20 Hastings Comm. & Ent. L.J. 751 (1998)

Rights Watch: Cyber Threats on the Rise NEAToday Online

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