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Milkovich v. Lorain Journal Co. (doc. #: 89-645) (1990)  [Findlaw]

Secondary Link Milkovich v. Lorain Journal Co.  [Legal Information Institute]
Argument Date 04/24/1990
Decided 05-21-1990
Supreme Court Vote 7-2
Supreme Court Ruling First Amendment claim denied
 
IssueWhether the First Amendment requires a separate "opinion" privilege that restricts the application of state libel laws.
 
Case Summary & Additional Resources
Majority Opinion Rehnquist, C.J.
Dissenting Opinion Brennan, J. (joined by Marshall, J.)
Lower Court Pennsylvania Superior Court
Lower Court Ruling First Amendment claim sustained
Lawyers
For Petitioner
Brent L. English

For Respondent
Richard D. Panza

Briefs
For Amicus
For Dow Jones & Co: Robert D. Sack, Richard J. Tofel, Richard M. Schmidt, Jr., et al.

For the ACLU: Henry R. Kaufman

For the Ohio Newspaper Association: Louis A. Colombo & David L. Marburger
Opinion - Lower Court
Milkovich v. News-Herald, 46 Ohio App. 3d 20, 545 N.E.2d 1320 (1989).
Other
Carter, T. Barton, Dee, Juliet L. & Zuckman, Harvey L., MASS COMMUNICATIONS LAW (2000), pp. 102-104
Dienes, Thomas & Levine, Lee, "Implied Libel, Defamatory Meaning & The State of Mind: The Promise of New York Times v. Sullivan," 778 Iowa Law Review 237 (1993)
Franklin, Marc, ""Constitutional Libel Law: The Role of Content," 34 UCLA Law Review 1657 (1987)
Note, "Eight Years After Milkovich: Applying A Constitutional Privilege for Opinions Under the Wrong Constitution," 31 Indiana Law Review 1101 (1998)
Sack, Robert D., SACK ON DEFMATION: LIBEL, SLANDER & RELATED PROBLEMS (3rd ed., 2001), vol. I, sects. 4-13 - 4-22
Shapo, Marshall, "Editorial: Fact/Opinion = Evidence/Argument," 91 Northwestern University Law Review 1108 (1997)
Smolla, Rodney A., FREE SPEECH IN AN OPEN SOCIETY (1992), pp. 53, 374-35, 388
Smolla, Rodney, SMOLLA & NIMMER ON FREEDOM OF SPEECH (1994), sect. 11.01[4]
Sowle, "A Matter of Opinion," 3 William & Mary Law Review 467 (1994)
Thomas, "A Pragmatic Approach to the Meaning of Defamation Law," 34 Wake Forest Law Review 333 (1999)
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