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Case Summary for NAACP v. Button
Procedural History

This case arose when a special session of the Virginia legislature passed five anti-integrationist statutes aimed at slowing school desegregation in the state. Three of the statutes, Chapters 31, 32, 36, were struck down by a three judge panel of the Eastern District of Virginia in NAACP v. Patty. In Harrison v. NAACP, the Supreme Court declined to pass on the constitutionality of the remaining two statutes, Chapters 31 and 35. Instead, it vacated the judgment on the grounds that federalism required that the Virginia courts be given the chance to construe all five statutes before the federal courts became involved. Only one of the five statutes survived this scrutiny, and it was this statute, Chapter 35, that went to the Supreme Court in Button.

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