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Estate of Thornton v. Caldor (docket #: 83-1158) (1985)  [Findlaw]

Secondary Link Estate of Thornton v. Caldor  [Legal Information Institute]
Argument Date 11/07/1984
Decided 06/25/1985
Supreme Court Vote 8-1
Supreme Court Ruling Establishment Clause claim upheld; The Connecticut statute, by providing Sabbath observers with an absolute and unqualified right not to work on their chosen Sabbath, violates the Establishment Clause.
 
IssueWhether a Connecticut statute providing Sabbath observers with an absolute and unqualified right not to work on their chosen Sabbath violated the Establishment Clause.
Majority Opinion Burger, C.J. (joined by Brennan, White, Marshall, Blackmun, Powell, Stevens, and O’Connor, JJ.)
Concurring Opinion O’Connor, J. (joined by Marshall, J.)
Dissenting Opinion Rehnquist, J.
Lower Court Connecticut Supreme Court
Lower Court Ruling Establishment Clause Claim upheld.
Oral Arguments audio record  [Oyez]
Lawyers
For Petitioner
Nathan Lewin

For Respondent
Paul Gewirtz

Briefs
For Amicus
American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, Connecticut Retail Merchants Association, Equal Employment Advisory Council (supporting Respondents)

Solicitor General Lee for the United States, Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith, Americans for United Separation of Church and State, Council of State Governments, National Right to Work Legal Defense Foundation, et al (supporting Petitioner)

Opinion - Lower Court
Caldor, Inc. v. Thornton, 464 A.2d 785 (Conn., 1983)
News
"Excerpts From Court Opinions on Law for Employee Time Off for Sabbath," New York Times, Jun. 27, 1985, sect. B, pg. 8
"Justices Reject Rule Protecting Employee From Sabbath Work," Los Angeles Times, Jun. 26, 1985, pg. 2
Elsasser, Glen, "Nation/world; Sabbath no sacred cow, court says," Chicago Tribune, Jun. 27, 1985, pg. 3
Greenhouse, Linda, "Church-State Issue to Be Sharpened," New York Times, Aug. 6, 1984, sect. A, pg. 16
Greenhouse, Linda, "Church-State Issue to Be Sharpened," New York Times, Aug. 6, 1984, sect. A, pg. 16
Greenhouse, Linda, "High Court Voids Connecticut Sabbath Law; Court Voids Connecticut Statute on Worker Day Off for Sabbath," New York Times, Jun. 27, 1985, sect. A. pg. 1
Hamilton, Robert A., "Reaction is Slight to Sabbath Ruling," New York Times, Oct. 23, 1983, sect. CN, pg. 16
Margolick, David, "High Court Gets Connecticut Sabbath-Work Case," New York Times, Apr. 11, 1984, sect. A, pg. 24
Other
Chemerinsky, Erwin, CONSTITUTIONAL LAW (3rd Ed.) (2006), pp. 1204-1205
Gey, Steven G., RELIGION AND THE STATE (2nd Ed.) (2006), pp. 769-772
Stone, Seidman, Sunstein, Tushnet, CONSTITUTIONAL LAW (3rd Ed.) (1996), pp. 1615, 1622, 1623
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