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Report: Government secrecy grows, costs more

By The Associated Press

WASHINGTON — The government is withholding more information than ever from the public and expanding ways of shrouding data. Last year, federal agencies spent a record $148 creating and storing new secrets for each $1 spent declassifying old secrets, a coalition of watchdog groups reported on Sept. 3.

That's a $28 jump from 2003, when $120 was spent to keep secrets for every $1 spent revealing them. In the late 1990s, the ratio was $15-$17 a year to $1, according to the secrecy report card by

Overall, the government spent $7.2 billion in 2004 stamping 15.6 million documents "top secret," "secret" or "confidential." That almost doubled the 8.6 million new documents classified as recently as 2001.

Last year, the number of pages declassified declined for the fourth straight year to 28.4 million. In 2001, 100 million pages were declassified; the record was 204 million pages in 1997.

These figures cover 41 federal agencies, excluding the CIA, whose classification totals are secret.

"These numbers show we are going in the wrong direction," said Rick Blum, author of the report and director of the coalition of consumer, environmental, labor, journalism and library groups.

The report also noted the growing use of secret searches, court secrecy, closed meetings by government advisory groups and patents kept from public view.

"The 9-11 Commission pointed out that too much secrecy can make us less safe from terrorists, and the inadequate response to Hurricane Katrina shows the public needs to know what could happen in their communities and what the response plans are," said Blum. He said a new law outside the classification system shrouds "sensitive homeland security information" about infrastructure vulnerabilities and plans.

"Public engagement in helping fight terrorism or addressing public health risks is the biggest single advantage American society has," Blum said.

The numbers do not solely reflect overclassification, said J. William Leonard, director of the National Archives' Information Security Oversight Office, which monitors classification. Since the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks, "many agencies have gone to 24/7 operations, others have increased their intelligence product, and the military is fighting two wars. You can't do that without producing more classified, and unclassified, information."

Classification costs rise as agencies share secrets electronically, Leonard said. Yet, he said, "the great lesson of 9-11 is that improper hoarding of information can cost lives and harm national security."

The report identified 50 new restrictions in laws, regulations or "mere assertions by government officials" that keep unclassified information from the public. Some are needed to protect privacy or trade secrets, the report said, but "such unchecked secrecy threatens accountability in government."

These include labels like "limited official use," "critical infrastructure information" and "operations security protected."

"The volume and impact of these pseudo-classifications is growing," said Rep. Christopher Shays, R-Conn., chairman of the House national security subcommittee, and "inhibits the free flow of critical information."

Leonard said, "No one individual in government can identify all the controlled, unclassified (markings), let alone describe their rules."

Blum said he was encouraged by emergence in the last year of "a vocal chorus pushing back against secrecy." He cited a bipartisan bill to strengthen the Freedom of Information Act and efforts like the Sunshine in Government Initiative, organized by the Associated Press and seven organizations interested in journalism.

Report: Government secrecy down slightly from record levels
Study by notes Bush administration's assertion of 'state secrets' privilege, use of signing statements. 09.05.06


Cornyn-Leahy bill would close Freedom of Information gaps

OPEN Government Act, endorsed by liberal and conservative groups, aims to reduce delays, let citizens track their FOI requests. 02.17.05

News media groups join forces to promote open government
Meanwhile, Sens. Cornyn, Leahy to introduce bill creating panel to study ways to speed release of records under FOIA. 03.10.05

Senate moves to strengthen FOIA
Cornyn-Leahy bill, requiring explanation for records exemptions, passes on voice vote. 06.25.05

Federal government increasingly classifies documents
Information Security Oversight Office reports 10% jump in material being kept secret. 07.06.05

Study: Journalists face long FOIA delays
Society of Environmental Journalists report finds government compliance with Freedom of Information Act has worsened considerably since 2001 terrorist attacks. 09.14.05

Patriot Act is Exhibit A on the risks of secrecy
By Paul K. McMasters The problem with excessive government secrecy is that it is a refuge for incompetence — or worse. 07.17.05

Post-9/11 secrecy: pervasive and dangerous
By Paul K. McMasters With too closed a government, we court dysfunctional democracy, or government by hindsight, in which post-crisis panels struggle to explain what never should have happened. 09.11.05

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