First Amendment topicsAbout the First Amendment
News Story
print this   Print

Fla. high court strips voucher amendments from ballot

By The Associated Press

TALLAHASSEE, Fla. — Florida’s November ballot will be shorter by three proposals — one that would have traded a huge property-tax cut for other tax increases and two others designed to expand school-voucher programs.

The Florida Supreme Court unanimously removed the proposals on Sept. 3. The seven justices did not immediately explain their decisions, but during oral argument earlier in the day, they fired tough questions at lawyers who supported the proposed amendments to the state constitution.

The state Taxation and Budget Reform Commission, which meets once every 20 years, had offered the proposals. The justices ruled quickly because today is the deadline for finalizing the Nov. 4 ballot. Six other proposed amendments have not been challenged.

The high court affirmed Circuit Judge John C. Cooper’s decision to remove Amendment 5, the tax swap, after he found its title and ballot summary misleading.

The justices, though, reversed a separate decision by Cooper, of Tallahassee, to keep the two voucher amendments on the ballot.

Amendments 7 and 9 would have undone court rulings that struck down former Gov. Jeb Bush’s voucher program, which had let students from failing public schools go to private schools at taxpayer expense.

No. 7 also would have repealed a provision that bars state financial aid to churches and other religious organizations. Another part of Amendment 9 would have required school boards to spend at least 65% of their budgets in the classroom.

“In rejecting the measure, the court backed clear, unambiguous constitutional amendments — not proposals that mask their true meaning,” said Florida Education Association President Andy Ford.

The statewide teachers union opposed all three amendments, partly on grounds they were deceptive. Ford and others argued the amendments failed to mention vouchers, although they would have protected such programs from legal attack and opened the door for creating more.

Although the failing-school program was struck, two others for disabled and low-income students remain.

But those, too, may be in jeopardy, Bush said in a statement.

“These programs, as well as 350 charter schools in our great state will remain in limbo, under the real threat of litigation from individuals who want to centralize all education decisions within government bureaucracies,” Bush said.

The tax swap involved cutting property taxes about 25% by repealing most of the levy that goes to schools. The Legislature then would have been required to replace that money from other sources, potentially a higher sales tax or budget spending cuts elsewhere.

Those “hold harmless” dollars, though, would have been mandatory only for the 2010-11 budget year. After that, lawmakers could have cut school spending, but the title and summary didn’t say that.

The voucher amendment opponents included Americans United for Separation of Church and State and the American Civil Liberties Union.

“It’s naive to think this is the end of the battle,” said ACLU of Florida executive director Howard Simon.

Fla. judge won't strike voucher amendments from ballot
Teachers union president says group will campaign against proposals, which would let students attend religious, other private schools at taxpayer expense, while it appeals ruling. 08.05.08


Fla. high court strikes down school-voucher system

Justices sidestep church-state separation issue, ruling instead program violates state constitution's requirement of uniform system of free public schools. 01.05.06

Nation's first statewide voucher program defeated at Utah polls

Plan would have provided tax dollars for private tuition, no matter how much a family earned or whether kids were in bad schools. 11.07.07


News summary page
View the latest news stories throughout the First Amendment Center Online.

Last system update: Monday, August 3, 2009 | 22:46:06
About this site
About the First Amendment
About the First Amendment Center
How to contribute
First Amendment programs
State of the First Amendment

Religious liberty in public schools
First Reports
Supreme Court
First Amendment publications
First Amendment Center history
Freedom Sings™
First Amendment

Congressional Research Service reports
Guest editorials
FOI material
The First Amendment

Lesson plans
Contact us
Privacy statement
Related links