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Thomas v. Review Board (1981)  [Findlaw]

Secondary Link Thomas v. Review Board  [Legal Information Institute]
Argument Date 10/07/1980
Decided 04/06/1981
Supreme Court Vote 8-1
Supreme Court Ruling Free Exercise claim upheld; the State’s denial of unemployment compensation benefits to petitioner violated his First Amendment right to free exercise of religion.
IssueWhether denial of unemployment compensation because employee voluntary terminated employment based on religious beliefs and not upon a “good cause [arising] in connection with [his] work,” as required by Indiana statute, violates the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment.
Majority Opinion Burger, J.
Concurring Opinion Blackmun, J. (concurring in part)
Dissenting Opinion Rehnquist, J.
Lower Court Indiana Supreme Court
Lower Court Ruling Free Exercise Claim denied.
For Petitioner
Solicitor General Erwin N. Griswold

For Respondent
J.B. Tietz

Opinion - Lower Court
Thomas v. Review Bd. of Indiana Employment Sec., 391 N.E.2d 1127 (Ind., 1979)
Barbash, Fred, "Court: Worker Who Quits for Religion Can’t Be Denied Unemployment Money," The Washington Post, Apr. 7, 1981, sect. A, pg. 7
Elsasser, Glen, "Jobless pay is upheld for pacifist who quit," Apr. 7, 1981, pg. 2
Mann, Jim, "Benefits Due Man Who Quit Over Religion, Court Rules," Los Angeles Times, Apr. 7, 1981, sect. B, pg. 7
Chemerinsky, Erwin, CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: PRINCIPLES & POLICIES (2nd ed., 2002), sect.
Nowak, John E. & Rotunda, Ronald D., PRINCIPLES OF CONSTITUTIONAL LAW (2ND ED., 2005), sect. 17.8
Tribe, Laurence, AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW (22nd ed., 1988) sects. 14.6, 14.7, 14.13, 14.4
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