The Iranian initiative seeks support of the IAEA member states for a generally worded document prohibiting all military attacks against nuclear installations. 150 countries convened in Geneva on September 4 to start a weeklong general conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
In a statement issued by the Non-Aligned Movement on Monday, NAM emphasizes immunity of peaceful nuclear activities against aggression and any type of military attacks or threat of attacks against peaceful nuclear facilities, including operational or under construction facilities, warning that such an attack could put humanity and environment in serious danger.
"NAM reaffirms the inviolability of peaceful nuclear activities and that any attack or threat of attack against peaceful nuclear facilities - operational or under construction - poses a serious danger to human beings and the environment, and constitutes a grave violation of international law, of the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations, and of regulations of the IAEA," the statement said.
NAM further underlined the necessity for adopting a comprehensive multilateral document for prohibition of all military attacks or threat of attack against nuclear installations which are exclusively used for peaceful nuclear activities.
"NAM recognizes the need for a comprehensive multilaterally negotiated instrument prohibiting attacks, or threat of attacks on nuclear facilities devoted to peaceful uses of nuclear energy," it added.
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is an international organization of states considering themselves not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
The movement is largely the brainchild of India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, former President of Egypt Jamal Abdul Nasser, and former Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito.
It was founded in April 1955 and has 118 members. The purpose of the organization as stated in the Havana Declaration of 1979 is to ensure "the national independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of non-aligned countries" in their "struggle against imperialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, racism, and all forms of foreign aggression, occupation, domination, interference or hegemony as well as against great power and bloc politics."
They represent nearly two-thirds of the United Nations' members and comprise 55% of the world population, particularly countries considered to be developing or part of the Third World.