A federal judge in Seattle recently ruled that a school district did not
violate a student’s First Amendment rights by banning the song “Ave Maria” from
a 2006 commencement ceremony.
Kathryn Nurre was a senior at Henry M. Jackson High School when she and other
members of the wind ensemble selected an instrumental arrangement of “Ave Maria”
to play at graduation.
The school had a tradition of allowing senior musicians to choose a song to
play for commencement. The wind ensemble had previously played “Ave Maria” at a
winter concert without dispute. Written by German composer Franz Biebl in 1964,
the song’s Latin title translates as “Hail Mary.”
School administrators denied the ensemble’s request to play “Ave Maria,”
stating that graduation music was required to be “entirely secular in nature.”
Nurre filed a suit against Everett School District Superintendent Carol
Whitehead shortly after the ceremony, saying the district violated her
free-speech and religious rights.
In a summary judgment issued Sept. 20, U.S. District Judge Robert S. Lasnik
ruled in favor of the school district, writing that the school’s “prohibition of
the performance of ‘Ave Maria’ was based on the decision to keep religion out of
graduation as a whole, not to discriminate against a specific religious sect or
Although Lasnik found the instrumental song constituted speech within a
limited public forum, he wrote in Nurre v. Whitehead
that the school’s restriction was viewpoint-neutral.
Nurre, who is now a college student, was represented by John Whitehead,
president and founder of the Rutherford Institute, a Virginia-based civil
liberties organization. He is not related to Superintendent Carol Whitehead.
“I am absolutely and greatly disappointed in the ruling,” John Whitehead told
the First Amendment Center Online. “This is an important free-speech case. The
judge indicated that a public forum was created, but in order for a school to
avoid the establishment clause, it must do away with free speech.”
Whitehead says political correctness is to blame.
“This is one of those cases of simply overreacting with a very politically
correct reaction, and we’re seeing a number of very similar cases today,” he
said. “There is a danger of political correctness eradicating diversity and free
speech. I put these cases in a dangerous category in which schools can
completely secularize the school environment.
“I think the framers of our Constitution would laugh at this ruling,”
Whitehead added. “I think a lot of judges would laugh at this. If students can’t
get together and decide to play a song, there is no freedom of speech for
Whitehead said that Nurre would appeal the decision. Attempts to reach Nurre
Mike Patterson, the superintendent’s attorney, said, “I believe the ruling fully vindicated the actions of the superintendent. It underscored the importance of the graduation ceremony itself and gave credence and authority to the school to deal with such instances.”
Patterson added that he did not believe the ruling infringed on the student’s First Amendment rights.
Lydia Hailman King is a University of Mississippi graduate with degrees in
journalism, international studies and French.