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FCC appeals Janet Jackson case to Supreme Court

By The Associated Press

PHILADELPHIA — The Federal Communications Commission has asked the U.S. Supreme Court to review the indecency case involving Janet Jackson’s breast-baring performance at the 2004 Super Bowl.

The FCC last week appealed a ruling by the 3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Philadelphia, saying that court was wrong to throw out the case and a $550,000 fine against CBS Corp. in July.

The appellate court cited the FCC practice of not considering objectionable images indecent if they are “fleeting.”

During the halftime show at the 2004 Super Bowl, which spawned the case (FCC v. CBS), Jackson’s breast was exposed briefly as she performed with Justin Timberlake.

The FCC said the 3rd Circuit incorrectly applied a rule — since changed — regarding expletives that required that a profanity be repeated before it would be deemed indecent. The FCC contends the rule didn’t apply to images.

Reaction to the appeal was swift from the Media Access Project, which filed a friend-of-the-court brief with the appellate court on behalf of a group of TV writers, directors and producers.

“The impact of the FCC’s decision on the creative process is very profound,” said the group’s chief executive, Andrew Jay Schwartzman. “The FCC’s decisions in this area have made it very difficult for creative artists to exercise their craft.”

At the time, broadcasters did not employ a video delay for live events, a practice that changed within a week of the game.

The FCC also is awaiting the Supreme Court’s ruling in a New York case involving profanity uttered by Cher during a December 2002 music awards show and by Nicole Richie during a December 2003 awards show, both carried on Fox stations.

The agency has asked the Court to rule in that case, FCC v. Fox Television Stations, before taking on the Jackson incident.

High court to 3rd Circuit: Reconsider wardrobe-malfunction case
Appeals court last year threw out $550,000 fine that FCC had imposed on CBS for 2004 Super Bowl flap involving Janet Jackson. 05.04.09

Court tosses FCC 'wardrobe malfunction' fine
3rd Circuit panel rules that agency 'acted arbitrarily and capriciously' in punishing fleeting nudity during 2004 Super Bowl halftime show. 07.21.08


Court avoids dirty words during TV indecency hearing

Justices spend an hour talking about profanity on television without making plain how they would decide whether government could ban such words. 11.05.08

Court leaves FCC 'fleeting expletives' rules in place

Justices tell lower court to determine if policy is in line with First Amendment. 04.28.09

On-air expletives, Utah monument cases lead lineup
By Tony Mauro Fox TV's challenge of FCC policy will be closely watched, as will 'Summum Aphorisms' case. 10.02.08

FCC v. Fox draws intense interest
By Tony Mauro Administrative-law case expected to veer quickly into free-speech realm; see excerpts of briefs. 11.03.08

Janet Jackson ‘flap’: Everybody lost
By Gene Policinski Letting viewers decide what to see and hear is a lot more efficient than four years of litigation. 07.27.08

The FCC's Regulation of Indecency

2008-09 Supreme Court case tracker

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