First Amendment topicsAbout the First Amendment
News Story
print this   Print

Protesters at Hawaii malls can be prosecuted for trespass

By The Associated Press

HONOLULU — Protesters who peacefully demonstrate at shopping centers in Hawaii can be prosecuted for trespassing if they don't leave when asked, according to a ruling by the Hawaii Supreme Court.

The high court ruled Aug. 11 in the case of Frances Viglielmo who was arrested in December 2000 at Ala Moana Center in Honolulu while holding a sign and handing out pamphlets protesting the sale of military toys.

Viglielmo was convicted of second-degree criminal trespass, a petty misdemeanor. She was given six months' probation and fined $100.

Her attorney argued the shopping center's common areas, such as the sidewalks, should be considered public space where free speech is protected.

The court disagreed, citing similar rulings by the Minnesota Supreme Court over protests at the Mall of America.

In a 32-page opinion in Hawaii v. Viglielmo, Associate Justice Steven Levinson wrote that Viglielmo's conviction does not violate the U.S. Constitution as interpreted by federal courts.

In addition, the state high court was not expanding free-speech rights under the Hawaii Constitution to cover Viglielmo's conduct, he wrote.

Chief Justice Ronald Moon and Associate Justices Paula Nakayama and James Duffy agreed with Levinson.

Associate Justice Simeon Acoba cast the dissenting vote, saying he believes the state constitution's free-speech provision protects Viglielmo's rights to hand out leaflets and hold signs at community shopping centers, even though they are privately owned.


Minnesota high court finds no free-speech protection for mall protesters

'Decision reaffirms that the Mall of America is private property' and recognizes the rights of property owners, says mall's attorney. 03.15.99

Court upholds Florida candidate's petition rights in mall

State district court agrees that Kevin Wood should not have been convicted of trespassing for seeking signatures. 02.07.04

Anti-war protests allowed outside N.Y. mall — with limits
Trial judge says that while there is no First Amendment right to demonstrate on private property, the presence of government office changes matters slightly. 11.06.06

Assembly on private property

News summary page
View the latest news stories throughout the First Amendment Center Online.

Last system update: Friday, April 23, 2010 | 16:02:25
About this site
About the First Amendment
About the First Amendment Center
How to contribute
First Amendment programs
State of the First Amendment

Religious liberty in public schools
First Reports
Supreme Court
First Amendment publications
First Amendment Center history
Freedom Singsā„¢
First Amendment

Congressional Research Service reports
Guest editorials
FOI material
The First Amendment

Lesson plans
Contact us
Privacy statement
Related links