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School District of Grand Rapids v. Ball (docket #: 83-990) (1985)  [Findlaw]

Secondary Link School District of Grand Rapids v. Ball  [Legal Information Institute]
Argument Date 12/05/1984
Decided 7/1/1985
Supreme Court Vote 5-2-2
Supreme Court Ruling Establishment Clause claim affirmed
IssueWhether two school programs providing supplemental classes to parochial schools at public expense and located in nonpublic school classrooms have the "primary or principal" effect of advancing religion, and therefore violate the dictates of the Establishment Clause
Majority Opinion Brennan, J. (joined by Marshall, J., Blackmun, J., Powell,J. & Stevens, J.)
Concurring Opinion Burger, C. J., & O' Connor, J.
Dissenting Opinion White, J., & Rehnquist, J.
Lower Court 6th Circuit
Lower Court Ruling Establishment Clause claim upheld
Oral Arguments Audio (Oyez)  [Oyez]
For Petitioner
Kenneth F. Ripple, Special Assistant Attorney General of Michigan

For Respondent
A. E. Dick Howard

For Amicus
John W. Baker for the Baptist Joint Committee on Public Affairs

Lee Boothby for Americans United for Separation of Church and State

Marc D. Stern, Ronald A. Krauss, Jack D. Novik, Burt Neuborne, Charles S. Sims, Justin Finger, and Jeffrey Sinensky for the American Jewish Congress et al. (for respondents)

Michael W. McConnell for the United States (for petitioner)

Nathan Lewin, Dennis Rapps, and Daniel D. Chazin for the National Jewish Commission on Law and Public Affairs (for petitioner)

Wilfred R. Caron and John A. Liekweg for the United States Catholic Conference

News Stories & Commentary
Barbash, Fred and Al Kamen, "Supreme Court to Address Church-State Relations, Police Powers," The Washington Post, Sept. 30, 1984, Sect. A, P. 4
Greenhouse, Linda, "High Court Bars Public Teachers in Church Schools," The New York Times, July 2, 1985, Sect. A, P. 1
Ruling - Lower Court
718 F.2d 1389
"Parochial Aid Question to Be Decided," The New York Times, Feb. 28, 1984, Sect. A, p. 17
Elsasser, Glen, "High Court to Weigh Shared-Time Question," The Chicago Tribune, Feb. 28, 1984, p. 3
Greenhouse, Linda, "Church-State Issue to Be Sharpened," The New York Times, Aug. 6, 1984, Sect. A, p. 16
Gey, Steven G., RELIGION AND THE STATE (2nd Ed.) (2006), pp. 581-591
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