frequently asked questionscases & resources  
Haven't studies conclusively shown that violent images cause violence?

No, not conclusively. One scholar who analyzed about 200 recent studies of media violence said none provided support for the existence of a cause-and-effect relationship between violent imagery and actual violence. Japanese and Canadian TV programming is more violent than American TV, but those societies have much lower violent-crime rates than the United States.


Can violence on television be legally regulated?

Courts have generally said that it cannot be restricted without a violation of the First Amendment protection of free speech.


Isn't it unconstitutional for the government to force TV producers and viewers to use V-chips?

There is no mandatory V-chip system in effect, and the constitutionality of such a regulatory scheme has not been tested. What is in place now has been agreed to by the television networks. But it is true that television broadcasters may feel a threat of government regulation lurking behind even "voluntary" programs.



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