Presidency of the Government of Southern Sudan

The President of the Government of Southern Sudan is the head of the Government of Southern Sudan and the Commander-in-Chief of the Sudan Peoples' Liberation Army (SPLA). He represents the will of the people and exercises the powers invested in the office of the President of the Government of Southern Sudan by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), the Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan and the Interim National Constitution.

 

The President of Southern Sudan:

 

  1. Serves as the First Vice President of the Republic of the Sudan in the circumstances set forth in Article 62(1) of the Interim National Constitution;
  2. Preserves the security of Southern Sudan and protects its territorial integrity;
  3. Supervises constitutional executive institutions and provides exemplary leadership in public affairs in Southern Sudan and the Republic of the Sudan;
  4. Appoints holders of constitutional and judicial posts in accordance with the Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan and other laws;
  5. Presides over the Southern Sudan Council of Ministers;
  6. Requests, pursuant to Article 199(2) of the Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan, the President of the Republic of the Sudan to declare a state of emergency in Southern Sudan or any part thereof;
  7. Initiates constitutional amendments and legislations and assent to bills passed by the Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly by signing such bills into law;
  8. Summons, adjourns or prorogues the Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly in consultation with the Speaker of the Assembly;
  9. Confirms death sentences, grants pardons, and remits convictions or penalties according to the Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan and the laws of Southern Sudan;
  10. Appoints his advisors;
  11. Appoints ad hoc committees and commissions;
  12. Confers honours;
  13. Generally represents the Government and people of Southern Sudan;
  14. Creates, reorganizes and disbands ministries, commissions and other administrative units of the Government of Southern Sudan and assigns their functions and duties;
  15. Appoints ministers, chairpersons of commissions, and heads of other administrative units together with their senior-most public servants;
  16. Oversees the administration of the decentralized system of government in Southern Sudan; and
  17. Performs any other function as may be prescribed by the law.

 

The Government of Southern Sudan (GoSS) is a transitional semi-autonomous government that sprung up as a consequence of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005. This accord ended one of the Africa's longest and deadliest conflicts. Under the auspices of the CPA, GoSS was formed. It was originally headed by the founding leader of the liberation movement, Dr John Garang, who also became the first Vice President of the Republic of Sudan through the formation of a Government of National Unity. The fate of the GoSS will be determined by the results of the 2011 referendum which will decide whether the Southern Sudan becomes a fully autonomous state which is independent of the North or not. If the results of the referendum not support secession of the South from the North, then the entire Sudan will be merged into one state comprised of all Sudanese - both in the South and the North.

 

Dr Garang perished in a plane crash in July 30, 2005 having been in office for barely three weeks. He was succeeded by H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit as the President of Southern Sudan and first Vice President of the Republic of Sudan. The table below summarizes the incumbency of the presidency of Southern Sudan.

 

Tenure Incumbent
9th July 2005 to 30th July 2005 Dr John Garang de Mabior, President of GoSS
30th July 2005 to 11 August 2005 Salva Kiir Mayardit, acting President of GoSS
11th August 2005 to date Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of GoSS

 

 

At the same time, the Vice Presidency has been occupied as follows:

 

Tenure Incumbent
9th July 2005 to 11th August 2005 Salva Kiir Mayardit, Vice President of GoSS
11th August 2005 to date Dr Riek Machar Teny, Vice President of GoSS

 

 

This article was updated on Oct 20, 2009