Democratic Governance

Over twenty years of civil strife has left Sudan with depleted resources and weakened public institutions and human capital. In addition to the heavy toll on life, population displacement and overall destruction, the post-conflict situation in Southern Sudan is one in which the public institutions of governance, infrastructure of governance, at all levels, and the domestic capacity for service delivery are somewhat rudimentary.

In January 2005, the Government of Sudan (GoS) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement /Army (SPLM/A) signed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement based on a vision of wealth and power sharing that seeks equity, guarantees political rights and civil liberties, aims to prevent political and economical monopoly, and provides for a reformed and fully developed system of governance in which all Sudanese are equal.

To achieve this vision, the newly established Government of National Unity (GoNU) and the Government of Southern Sudan (GoSS) adopted the Interim National Constitution and embarked upon the creation of a decentralized governmental system that promotes the respect of the universal values of rule of law, human rights and democracy.

Effective decentralization requires governance reforms, the creation of new institutions, and significant capacity building at all levels of government. To help both governments meet this challenging task, UNDP Sudan is implementing a comprehensive governance programme that addresses public administration reform, decentralization, local governance, civil service development, civil society participation, the judiciary, political parties and elections.

In addition to promoting access to justice, human security, and law enforcement in Southern Sudan, Abyei, South Kordofan State, and Blue Nile States - all hard hit by the conflict, UNDP is also implementing a major rule of law programme that establishes the groundwork for the restoration of peace and security in Darfur and peaceful conflict resolution in Eastern Sudan. Furthermore, UNDP is assisting the country in meeting the expectations of post-conflict Sudan, with its new legal and judicial structures, by building the capacity of the National Judiciary, and providing institutional support to the Judiciary of Southern Sudan, and the Ministry of Legal Affairs and Constitutional Development in Southern Sudan.

The following list provides detailed information on the governance and rule of law activities across the country:

Public Administration Reform and Anti-corruption
Support to the Presidency in Southern Sudan

Decentralization, Local Governance and Urban/Rural Development
Local Governance Development Public Expenditure and Management in Eastern Sudan
Support to the Abyei Civil Administration Project
Local Governance Capacity Building Project in South Kordofan
Transfer of Knowledge Through Expatriate Nationals (TOKTEN)
The Southern Sudan Referendum Project
The Abyei Area Referendum Project
IGAD Regional Initiative for Capacity Enhancement in Southern Sudan
Support to Southern Sudan Reconstruction and Development Fund Commission (SSRDF)
Institutional Support to Strengthen Legal Education and Research in Southern Sudan

Policy Support to Democratic Governance
Support to Elections and Democratic Processes

Justice and Human Rights
Institutional Support to the Judiciary of Southern Sudan
Support to Police and Prisons in Southern Sudan
Institutional Support to the Ministry of Legal Affairs and Constitutional Development in Southern Sudan
Promoting Access to Justice and fostering a Culture of Human Rights in Southern Sudan
Strengthening Access to Justice and Human Security in Three Protocol Areas
Access to Justice and Confidence Building in Kassala State
Strengthening Rule of Law and Sustainable Protection in Darfur
Capacity Building of the Sudan Judiciary
Institutional Support to Strengthen Legal Education and Research in Southern Sudan

Closed Projects
Poverty Alleviation – Oriented Governance Project in Red Sea State
Political Parties Development
Joint UN Integrated Community-Based Recovery And Development Project in South Kordofan
Preparatory Assistance- Parliamentary & Political Parties Development in Northern Sudan
Capacity Building of African Union Forces in Darfur
Addressing Gender-Based Violence in Darfur
Foundational Support to Southern Sudan Police Service
Good Governance and Equity in Political Participation in Southern Sudan
The Support to the National Strategic Planning Process
Support to Public Sector, Decentralization and Capacity Building Project (PSCAP)
Good Governance and Equity in Political Participation in Post Conflict Sudan
Strengthening Human Security for Vulnerable Groups in Khartoum IDP Camps and Squatter areas


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June 2010: UNDP To Step Up Efforts for Tackling Inequality and Effective Local Governance in Sudan

Jan 2010:The NEC registers over 75% of eligible voters in preparation for the upcoming Elections