Community Security and Arms Control in Southern Sudan

Fast Facts:
• Project Document
Location: Eastern Equatoria, Upper Nile, and Warrap States, Southern Sudan
Duration: 2007-2011
Focus area: Crisis Prevention and Recovery
Contributions(USD): DFID: 3,396,866
Germany: 361,893
Bureau for CPR: 151,756
Norway: 2,314,920
The Netherlands: 2,923,304
DFAIT: 2,851,523
UNDP: 150,000
Partners: Pact Sudan, Saferworld, Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC), Small Arms Survey, RECSA
Delivery(USD): 2010: 9,442,508
2009: 54,333
2008: 1,404,000
2007: 278,000
Contact person in UNDP: Sam Muhumure
Community security is a concept that seeks to put into practice human security, human development and statebuilding paradigms at the local level. Community security, narrowly defined, includes both group and personal security. The approach focuses on ensuring that communities and their members are ‘free from fear’. Yet a broader definition also includes action on a wider range of social issues to ensure ‘freedom from want’. Community security promotes a multi-stakeholder approach, driven by an analysis of local needs.

The advantage of the community security concept is that it bridges the gap between the focus on the State and other concepts that focus on the individual. At its core is the objective of developing effective States that are accountable to citizens for the effective delivery of services. A key focus is on developing inclusive political processes to manage State-society relations. By emphasizing the ‘community’ aspect it seeks to embrace both cultures and contexts that may be ‘individual-oriented’ and/or ‘group oriented’.

Project description
The Community Security and Arms Control (CSAC) project was launched in 2008 as an innovative, cross-cutting, area-based and community driven approach. The project supports conflict prevention initiatives identified at the County level within the existing strategic planning frameworks at county and state levels and enhancing the work of existing UN and UNDP Southern Sudan programmes where appropriate. It is focused on strengthening the Government of South Sudan's (GoSS) capacity in the area of community security and arms control at all levels, from sub-national to payam. The project ensures that through capacity building support to the Southern Sudan Bureau for Community Security and Small Arms Control (“the Bureau”) and the Southern Sudan Ministry of Peace and CPA Implementation, ownership and impact will be maximized.

The goal of CSAC is to provide technical assistance to enhance the capacity of the Government of South Sudan in the carrying out of its duty to protect the rights and lives of southern Sudanese citizens, during a process of State formation. The purpose of CSAC is to reduce the vulnerability of communities in areas at risk of localised conflict and instability. The strategy is one of a series of coordinated, inter-dependent interventions, involving arms control, recovery, development and support to the local government and rule of law institutions, that together aim to improve the security environment of communities and thus contribute to the consolidation of peace in Southern Sudan.

Through state/local government and national rule of law institutions, and in conjunction with UN agencies, UN Rule of Law and Governance programmes and NGOs, the 3 main outputs of the project are:
1) The GoSS Bureau for Community Security and Small Arms Control is formally established and operational, ensuring effective coordination and facilitation of all processes relating to CSAC
2) Improved security environment allowing for development at the community level in Southern Sudan
3) The capacity of the Southern Sudan Peace Commission is enhanced in supporting peace building, conflict transformation and mitigation

In addition to this, the project is currently in the process of piloting localized gender and conflict-sensitive projects in Budi and Ikwoto counties in partnership with the Eastern Equatoria State Ministries of Social Development and Agriculture. If successfully implemented, the CSAC project expects to mainstream the gender-strategy into its work to significantly mitigate some of the root causes of conflict affecting women and children in Southern Sudan.

Building on the priorities of GoSS, the Ministry of Peace and CPA Implementation, the Bureau, peacebuilding initiatives and the CSAC project achievements of the previous two years, state and county support will continue in the three states of Jonglei, Eastern Equatoria and Upper Nile. Local level community conflict mitigation will be an additional priority focus in these areas. The CSAC project will also be rolled out to Warrap, Unity, and Lakes States delivering conflict sensitive development projects that are aligned with the needs of communities.

Snapshots of the project's major achievements
• The Government of Southern Sudan in partnership with UNDP established the Southern Sudan Bureau of Community Security and Small Arms Control as a government focal point on small arms control initiatives within government and other development partners.
• Facilitation of coordinated activities between the Bureau and the Ministry of Peace and CPA implementation has improved communication and general relations between the agencies.
• The Bureau has a revised mandate approved by the GOSS Council of Ministers and a Strategic Plan guiding the execution of its mandate as a GOSS institution.
• Bureau staff have received trainings in technical areas of Community Security and Small Arms Control from both UNDP and Saferworld.
• The Bureau has attracted strategic partnerships with regional organizations like Regional Centre on Small Arms (RECSA) and the national focal points on small arms from the neighbouring Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) countries.
• RECSA has accepted the Bureau as a fully fledged member. This collaboration is guiding policy development on small arms control issues. The Bureau has now attracted other partners such as Saferworld, AECOM, Danish Demining Group, MAG and the BICC.
• The South Sudan Peace Commission was upgraded to become the Ministry of Peace and CPA Implementation. UNDP supported the ministry to elaborate its mandate, short term and medium term priorities.
• Provided a viable approach to local identification of community security priorities, including community-based conflict analyses conducted in 37 counties across 4 states, or nearly 50% of the counties in Southern Sudan
• Communities welcomed the CSAC county consultation approach. Most communities stated that this was the first time government was reaching out to them and consulting them about their problems.
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