Mine Action Capacity Building and Programme Development

Fast Facts:
Project document and reports available upon request
Location: National level with staff based in Khartoum and Juba
Duration: Phase I: March 2004 - December 2008
Phase II:
Jan 2009 – December 2011
Focus area: Crisis Prevention and Recovery
Contributions(USD): UN: 688,903.85
USA: 1,250,000.00
Partners: • The National Mine Action authority, Policy and Coordinating Body.
• The National Mine Action Centre.
• Southern Sudan Demining Commission.
Delivery(USD): 2010: 2,854
2009: 646,406
2008: 1,538,763
2007: 1,407,920
Contact person in UNDP: Qadeem Tariq,
Senior Technical Advisor qadeem.tariq@undp.org
Global Mandate and Perspective:
UNDP drives its mine action mandate from the “Mine Action and Effective Coordination-the United Nations Inter-Agency Policy” endorsed by the UN Interagency Coordinating Group on Mine Action in June 2005 and is the lead UN agency for national mine action capacity development. UNDP assists national and local authorities by providing direct technical, advisory and capacity development services in about 40 countries worldwide.

UNDP’s support covers all areas of mine action - from assessments, surveys, clearance, planning and prioritization, to information management, Mine Risk Education (MRE) and victim assistance. UNDP assists countries to assess and develop capacity development plans to gradually take on full management of all mine action activities. Furthermore, UNDP supports national authorities to address the impact of landmines and explosive remnants of war on development, and incorporate a gender perspective to their programmes and projects.

UNDP advocates for and provides support to countries in meeting obligations under relevant instruments, such as the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, the Antipersonnel Landmine Ban Treaty (APMBT), and Convention on Cluster Munitions. Throughout its work, UNDP places great emphasis on national ownership and capacity development.

UNDP advocates for inclusion of mine action into broader development programmes and national and sector plans in affected countries to ensure that mine action is incorporated into areas such as agriculture, infrastructure, health, education, and water supply.

Mine Action Contamination in the Sudan:
More than two decades long civil war between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) has left Sudan with a large scale landmine/Explosives Remnants of War (ERW) contamination problem.

Landmine/ERW contamination continues to threaten civilians and impede economic recovery and development. Contaminated land reduces agricultural activity and productivity and thereby the sustainable livelihoods of rural communities. Landmines/ERW contamination on key logistical/supply routes continues to hamper safe and free movement, trade and humanitarian interventions, and endanger the lives of local communities, internally displaced persons (IDPs), refugees, and staff of aid community. The presence and/or perceived threat of landmines/ERW prevents and delays IDPs and refugee populations from returning to their hometowns, and as a result, constrain recovery, reconstruction and development efforts in mine/ERW and war affected areas.

As of December 2009, out of the total number of 5,594 danger areas in Sudan, 3,468 were cleared and 2,126 are still to be addressed. Over the past five years, mine action in Sudan has focused on opening primary and secondary routes, and on removing landmine and ERW threats. To-date, the sector has declared more than 36,000 kilometers of roads opened through assessment and clearance, and 55 million square meters of land cleared and released back to communities for productive use. Under the overall coordination of UNICEF, mine risk education has been provided to more than 3.2 million at risk population. A total of 18,004 anti-personnel (AP) mines, 3,614 anti-tank (AT) mines, 1,148,359 small arms ammunitions (SAA) and 847,433 UXOs have been removed and/or destroyed.

UNDP and Mine Action Capacity Development in the Sudan:
As part of the unified UN Mine Action Office (UNMAO), UNDP is the lead UN agency for Mine Action Programme Development and Capacity Building in the Sudan. As part of the first phase of its mine action capacity development support during 2005-2008, UNDP provided management, technical, financial and logistical support to the Government of National Unity (GONU) and Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS) to establish the two national mine action authorities, the National Mine Action Authority (NMAA) and the Southern Sudan Demining Authority (SSDA) through two separate presidential decrees. UNDP has since then assisted these authorities to develop their institutional and management structures, recruit and train staff, establish headquarters and field level offices, procure equipment and materials and introduce regulatory and legislative frameworks required to fulfill their mandates.

The overall desired outcome of the UNDP Mine Action Programme Development and Capacity Building project is to ensure that the national mine action authorities in Sudan (North and South) function with all necessary regulatory and institutional frameworks, and are capable of planning, co-coordinating and overseeing all aspects of mine action in the country within the framework of the International Mine Action Standards (IMAS) and National Technical Standards and Guidelines (NTSGs).

The goal of this project is to provide comprehensive management, technical, material and financial assistance to the National Mine Action Centre (NMAC) and Southern Sudan Demining Authority (SSDA) in the establishment and management of a cost effective and sustainable mine action programme to deal effectively with the humanitarian and developmental problems related to the contamination of landmines/ERW and to support victims of landmines/ERW. This project also works with NMAC and SSDA to maintain a strong link between mine action, recovery and development initiatives and to ensure that Sudan fulfills its Antipersonnel Mine Ban Treaty obligations to which it is a state party.

As a second phase of its mine action capacity development support to the national authorities for the period 2009-2011, UNDP aims to assist NMAC and SSDA to further consolidate and enhance their managerial and technical capacities and to take over full responsibility for managing mine action by June 2011.

The UNDP mine action project is managed by two International Technical Advisors and two senior national staff members with one international and one national staff based in Khartoum and one international and one national staff based in Juba. The project is based within the Crisis Prevention and Recovery Units (CPRU) of the UNDP Khartoum and Juba offices.

With the capacity development assistance provided by UNDP, the national mine action authorities are now actively engaged in the planning, coordination, priority setting, accreditation, quality assurance and oversight of mine action operations. In addition, with support from UNDP, as a state party to the Mine Ban Convention, Sudan destroyed all its stocks of antipersonnel mines and adopted mine action law. Furthermore, the UNDP mine action project has assisted the parties to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) to develop and resource national landmine/ERW clearance teams (250 deminers and technical staff – through the Joint Integrated Demining Units.

Achievements of UNDP Sudan in the field of national mine action capacity development since 2004 are summarized below:

National Mine Action Legislative Framework and the Adoption of the Sudan Mine Action Law:
With technical and advisory support from the UNDP Sudan, the National Mine Action Authority (NMAA) was established by a Presidential Decree No. 299, in December 2005 followed by establishment of the Southern Sudan Demining Authority (SSDA) by the Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS) Presidential Decree No. 45 on 27June 2006. As a further step in the development of the legislative framework for mine action in the Sudan, with technical assistance from UNDP, the Sudan Mine Action Law was adopted through Presidential Decree No. 51, for the year 2010 on 18 Feb 2010.

Assistance to the Establishment of the National Institutional Framework:
UNDP provided technical, financial and material support to the development of the institutional framework and establishment of the Head and Field Offices of the NMAC and SSDA by assisting them to develop their organizations structures, terms of reference for various key positions, and recruitment and training of staff. As part of this process UNDP trained more than 100 staff members of the NMAC and SSDA; procured and provided to NMAC and SSDA 22 off-road vehicles, 3 saloon cars, 2 medium size trucks, 30 laptop computers; 20 laser jet printers; 4 small and 4 big generators; 20 VHF radios, 4 Codan radios and office furniture and fixture.

Completion of the Destruction of Stockpiled AP Mines:
With technical and financial assistance from UNDP, the Sudan completed destruction of 10,566 stockpiled anti-personnel mines, thus fulfilling its obligation under Article 4 of the Mine Ban Convention within the stipulated timeframe.

Development of the National Institutional Framework:
With technical and advisory assistance from UNDP Sudan, the National Mine Action Centre (NMAC) based in Khartoum and the Southern Sudan Demining Authority (SSDA) based in Juba developed organizations structures for their head office and six field offices in various key locations and recruited about 80 national staff for key management positions within these offices. It is worth mentioning that all the national staff members have been recruited as civil servants and are on the payrolls of the respective government authorities.
The staff members of NMAC and SSDA have attended several training courses in various mine action fields and continue to develop their capacities and skills in various fields of mine action including Operations, Quality Assurance, Mine Risk Education, Victim Assistance, Monitoring and Evaluation, Admin/Finance, and Public Relations etc.

Development and Implementation of National Mine Action Strategic Framework:
With assistance from UNDP and the UNMAO, and keeping in view relevant provisions of the Presidential Decrees and the CPA, the UN Mine Action Strategy for 2006-2010, the Sudan National Mine Action Strategic Framework-2006-2011 was developed, approved by the High National Mine Action Committee and adopted by the Council of Ministers of the GONU on 06 August 2006. This key document continues to guide mine action in the Sudan and all mine action plans are prepared and implemented in support of achieving the goals and objectives of this Strategic Framework.

Reinstitution of the UN Mine Action Steering Committee
With the lead role of UNDP Sudan, the UN Mine Action Steering committee which became non-functional in June 2006, was instituted in early 2009. This Committee determines the scope, thrust and strategic direction of UN implemented/supported mine action in the Sudan. The first meeting of this re-instituted UN Mine Action Steering Committee was held on 09 June 2009. The meeting endorsed the draft Terms of Reference (TOR) for the UN Mine Action Steering Committee and confirmed UNMAS/UNMAO, UNICEF and UNDP as members of the committee. In order for the relevant high-level national authorities to be fully engaged in the policy and strategic decision making process on mine action issues, the members decided to work with the appropriate authorities within the GONU and Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS) to establish a joint UN-National Authorities Mine Action Steering Committee with membership from both GONU and GOSS. The UNDP Mine Action Project staff has developed draft TOR for this committee and work is in progress with NMAC and SSDA to arrange for the first meeting of this joint mine action steering committee as soon as necessary preparations are complete.

Inclusion of Mine Action in the UNDAF and the Sudan Five Year Strategy:
With assistance from UNDP and the UNMAO, mine action was included in the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) for Sudan for the period 2009-2012. In addition, UNDP assisted the NMAA to include mine action in the Sudan Five Year Strategy for the period of 2007-2012. Both these documents give due recognition to the problem of mine/ERW contamination in the Sudan and the challenge it poses to various sectors including the return of IDPs and refugees, and the overall reconstruction and development process. The UNDAF stresses the need for the development of sustainable national capacities to address this problem in the long term. The inclusion of mine action in these two documents has assisted in mobilizing and securing the necessary resources for mine action.

Inclusion of Mine Action in the National/State Budgets:
With technical and advisory support from UNDP the national authorities included mine action in the national budgets in 2006 and since then the GONU and GOSS have provided more than US$ 16.5 to various mine action projects including funding for the Joint Integrated Demining Units.

National Mine/UXO Clearance Operations Capacity Building:
As part of the sustainable and cost effective national demining capacity, with technical and financial assistance from UNDP, 250 deminers jointly provided by Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLA) within the framework of the Joint Integrated Demining Units (JIDUs) were trained in humanitarian demining by International Mine Action Center (IMATC) based in Nairobi during 2006 and 2007 with funds from the UK Government. Out of this number, 110 deminers have been structured into six demining teams and deployed to field for the clearance of high priority roads and routes and other contaminated areas.

As of March 2010, the JIDUs had successfully completed clearance of 16 projects including 446 km of Babanusa-Wau railway line and 1,650 high priority roads in eastern, central and southern parts of the country. This has resulted in providing safer environments for local as well as return populations, while at the same time promoting reconciliation and confidence building between the CPA partners.

Linking Mine Action to Development:
UNDP has been working with NMAC and SSDA to strengthen linkage between mine action and the broader development community. For instance with technical assistance from UNDP through NMAC and SSDA, the GONU secured funds for the rehabilitation of the Babanusa-Wau Railway line (446 Km) and roads between Kadugly-Kawda in South Kordofan State (119 km ) and Eldamzine-Karankran (24 Km) in Blue State. UNDP continues to work with NMAC, SSDA and other development actors so mine action is considered in all reconstruction and development projects.

Support to Mine Action Transition from UN to National Authorities:
Over the past three years, UNDP has worked with NMAA, NMAC, SSDA, UNMAO and other partners to assist in the smooth and systematic transition of the management of all mine action activities from the UN to NMAC and SSDA. A mine action transition plan has been developed based on which management of mine action will be transitioned from the UN to NMAC and SSDA by June 2011 after which they will require limited external technical assistance to address the residual landmine/ERW contamination problem in the country.

International Networking:
UNDP has provided technical, advisory and financial support to the official delegations of the Sudan to participate in all key international events related to mine action, and or the implementation of the Mine Ban Convention. Participation in these international events has promoted the understanding of relevant national authorities about mine action through lessons learned in other countries and has helped them to make informed policy and strategic decisions about mine action in the Sudan and present a good image of mine action in the Sudan in the international circles.

Assistance to the Victims of Mine/ERW:
Socio-economic rehabilitation and re-integration of landmine/ERW victims continues to remain high on the national agenda. The Sudan has signed the “Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities”. VA has been integrated into the social welfare systems of the country. With the generous contribution of 1.7 Million US Dollars from the Government of Japan through the UN, a Victim Assistance National Strategic Framework has been developed and approved. As part of this project, UNDP implemented 11 community based projects for the Socio-economic rehabilitation and re-integration of landmine/ERW victims during 2007-2008.

Priorities for 2010 and 2011:
Over the period of 2010-2011, UNDP will focus on:
• Consolidating and further enhancing institutional and management capacities of the NMAA, NMAC and SSDA so they can reach a high level which enables them to manage all aspects of mine action with limited external technical assistance and assume full responsibility for managing mine action by June 2011.
• In addition to the two already accredited teams (42 personnel) of the Joint Integrated Demining Units (JIDUs), completing the desk and field/operations accreditation of four additional teams (120 personnel) of the JIDUs to further develop and strengthen their Mine/ERW clearance capacities to meet all International Mine Action Standards (IMAS).
• Further strengthen and broaden linkage between mine action and reconstruction and development projects including rehabilitation of roads, railway lines, return and settlement of IDPS and refuges.
• Assisting Sudan to meet its obligations under the Antipersonnel Mine Ban Convention and further promote understanding of the Mine Ban Convention at political and public level.

Funding Requirements:
UNDP Sudan seeks approximately US$ 1.5 million to be able to achieve its targets for 2010-2011.

Donors: United States of America, the Netherlands, Italy, Sweden, UK, Canada and Japan.
Copyright (c) United Nations Development Programme Sudan, 2011. All rights reserved
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