Nile Transboundary Environmental Action project (NTEAP)

Fast Facts:
• Project Document
• Annex
Location: Regional
Duration: January 2004 – December 2009
Focus area: Energy and Environment for Sustainable Development
Contributions(USD): GEF: 7,313,091.19
Partners: National Project Coordination and Micro-grant Coordination offices in each NBI Country.
World Bank.
NBI Secretariat with the assistance of United Nations office for projects services (UNOPS)
Delivery(USD): 2009: 3,579,214
2008: 129,948
2007: 180,766
Contact person in UNDP: Hanan Mutwakil, Programme Analyst.
“The dominant river system in Sudan is the Nile, the basin of which extends over 77 percent of the country. The river’s two main tributaries, the Blue and White Nile, flow into Sudan from Ethiopia and Uganda respectively, and meet in Khartoum before flowing north into Egypt. In an otherwise arid terrain, the Nile plays a crucial role in the country’s various ecosystems. Sudan also has over 750 km of coastline and territorial waters in the Red Sea, which include an archipelago of small islands.” Sudan Post-Conflict Environmental Assessment, UNEP, 2007, p.42.

Sudan shares the Nile River with Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. The 10 countries sharing the Nile make up the so-called Nile Basin that covers an area of 3 million square kilometers. While sharing this rich natural resource, the countries of the Nile Basin face several challenges related to the high levels of poverty, rapid population growth, lack of access to basic services, serious energy problems, and severe environmental degradation.

Recognizing that cooperative development holds the greatest prospects for bringing benefits to the entire region, the Nile riparian countries took an historic step in establishing the Nile Basin Initiative. Formally launched in February 1999 by the Council of Ministers of Water Affairs of the Nile Basin States, the Initiative provides an institutional mechanism, a shared vision, and a set of agreed policy guidelines to provide a basin-wide framework for cooperative action. The long-term goal of the Shared Vision Programme (SVP) is to create the enabling environment for the Nile riparian countries to “achieve sustainable socioeconomic development through the equitable utilization of, and benefit from, the common Nile Basin water resources.”

In 2004, with the support of Global Environment Facility, World Bank and Nile Basin Trust Fund, UNDP started the Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project as one of eight projects under the Nile Basin Initiative Shared Vision Programme. The project provides a strategic framework for environmentally sustainable development of the Nile River Basin and supports basin-wide environmental action linked to transboundary issues in the context of the Strategic Action Programme.

The main objective of the Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project is to provide a strategic environmental framework for the management of transboundary waters and environmental challenges in the Nile River Basin.

The specific objectives of the project are:
• Provide a forum to discuss development paths for the Nile with a wide range of relevant partners,
• Improve the understanding of the relationship between water resources development and the environment,
• Enhance the environmental management capacities of basin-wide institutions and the Nile Basin Initiative.

Snapshots of the project's major achievements
Institutional Strengthening:
• 2 cross border projects with Egypt and Ethiopia.
• 6 projects are under implementation in South Sudan.
• Trained partner NGOs and local communities in project formulation and implementation.

Community-Level Land, Forests, and Water Conservation:
• 44 pilot projects have been selected for review and possible documentation as best practices.
• 6 regional CB workshops conducted and over 150 professionals trained from NGOs, CBOs and Government trained
• Over 40 national CB Workshops for NGO, CBOs, NGO Networks and Government staff conducted where more than 800 participants were trained
• Over 30 MG projects identified as BP candidates
• Soil erosion studies to inform MG completed in Ethiopia, Rwanda and Sudan.
• Regional Micro grant Strategy and Operational Manual developed
• Institutional arrangement for MG implementation completed in all NB countries
• National Action plans developed and approved in all countries
• A total 234 MG project approved in all Nile Basin countries

Wetlands and Biodiversity:
• Hosted the inaugural Regional working group meeting organized in Khartoum honored by the Minister of Irrigation.
• Established a focal point for management of wetlands in Government of South Sudan. Another one has been established in the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning.
• Formed Working Group for South Sudan. The second meeting for the networking group was conducted and presented recommendations for management of Sudd Wetlands.
• Established a network of expertise and themes.
• Supported a joint Sudan/ Ethiopia exploration visit with micro grant & water shed project for preparing for joint studies on Dinder/ Alatish National Parks.
• Regional WG on Wetlands and Biodiversity established and conducted its second meeting in Addis Ababa where a review of the previous work plan was done and inputs made into the wetlands strategy drafted.
• Established National level inter ministerial wetlands management networks in all NB countries
• Training materials targeting five categories of stakeholders have produced
• Conducted 8 reports of studies at each site
• Baselines are being developed through a network of national experts and have been completed in many of the Nile Basin countries
• 15 officers were trained on wetlands management
• Preparations of plans started at the Sio-Siteko and the Dinder-Alatish biodiversity TB sites.
• 11 MG pilots on wetlands are under implementation

Water Quality Monitoring:
• Formed a regional WQ Working group including representation of South Sudan.
• Prepared baseline reports and WQ training modules.
• Celebrated World Water Days in coordination with UNESCO for Science & Education & other partners.
• Joined the IWA in celebration of World Monitoring Day in partnership with Youth & schools.
• Plan for institutionalizing and operating 5 transboundary monitoring stations prepared in consultation with the Directorate for Water Resources.
• Procured water quality monitoring equipments and small kits for the laboratories of the federal government and local government in South Sudan.
• Water quality equipments procured for main laboratory and small kits water quality equipments procured for laboratories in North & South Sudan.

Environment Education and Awareness:
• At least 8 universities in 6 NBI countries approved and adopted the environmental modules based on Nile environmental threats.
• Developed Environmental course frame and modules based on Nile environmental threats in all NBCs
• Adopted and institutionalized Environmental campaigns and schools award programs at national levels in at least 6 NBI countries.
• Developed and institutionalized two environmental awareness programs at national level
• 180 teachers trained on project based learning.
• Environmental modules developed, circulated and 180 teachers trained on utilization.
• Modules for mainstreaming Environment Education in the School curriculum developed in the DRC and Burundi
• 67 school projects are finalized and utilized for learning
• A tertiary level teaching framework has been developed together with teaching materials
• A video documentary covering 7 main Nile threats has been developed and circulated.

For more information on the overall achievements of the project, please click on: Overview of the NETAP achievements.

To learn more about the Nile Basin Initiative please visit:
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Contributes to MDG 7