Crisis Prevention and Recovery

Sudan has been devastated by continuous conflict and frequent natural disasters. As a result of the 22 years of civil war an estimated 2 million people have died and 4 million others have been displaced. As Africa’s longest war was coming to an end with the signing of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, another conflict that had erupted in 2003 during a drought crisis had already engulfed the three Darfur states killing over 200,000 people and forcing more than two million persons to flee their homes.

Over the past two years, displaced populations have been returning home, especially to the southern and central parts of the country where prolonged conflict has disrupted the socio-economic fabric and livelihood of the inhabitants, and deprived them of development opportunities. A significant number of returnees have difficulty meeting the most fundamental day-to-day needs, such as food, water and health. However, the major obstacle remains the lack of a fully-secured environment, due to the widespread presence of landmines and explosives, small weapons, armed ex-combatants, and the constant fear of new outbreaks of violence.

To help the country build, recover and cope with its vulnerability to conflicts and natural disasters, UNDP Sudan’s Crisis Prevention and Recovery Programme has adopted a conflict sensitive approach to recovery and development. This vision inextricably links conflict prevention and peace-building with the need to address economic recovery; institutional and capacity gaps; environmental threats; gender inequalities; and human security challenges.

UNDP’s conflict prevention approach culminated in two flagship programmes. The first addresses the major root-causes of conflict in rural Sudan by focusing on reducing competition over natural resources in three conflict-prone areas, namely Abyei, Blue Nile State, and Southern Kordofan State The second programme is based on a geo-referenced state-by-state mapping and analysis of the key security threats and socio-economic risks in the country. This tool makes it easy to identify the inter-relationship between these threats and risks, while prioritizing responses and interventions in a conflict-sensitive manner.

UNDP provides comprehensive management and technical advice to the relevant national Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) and Mine Action authorities within the Government of National Unity and the Government of Southern Sudan to assist in developing their national programme. UNDP’s intervention in the field of human security also targets the reduction of the number of weapons in circulation in Southern Sudan.

On the recovery side, UNDP manages the 54.3 million Euro Recovery and Rehabilitation Programme (RRP), the largest community-based initiative in the country that serves up to 800,000 people across rural Sudan. Additional area-based recovery programmes in Abyei and Southern Kordofan are being run in parallel to the RRP, and a livelihoods support programme in Darfur is in the initial stage of implementation.

The following list provides detailed information on the crisis prevention and recovery activities across the country:
Sudan Post-conflict Community Based Recovery and Rehabilitation Programme
Support to the Recovery of Abyei Phase 2
Enhancing Livelihood Opportunities and Building Social Capital for New Livelihoods Strategies in Darfur
Enhancing National Capacities for Conflict Mapping, Analysis and Transformation in Sudan

Mine Action
Mine Action Capacity Building and Programme Development

Small Arms Reduction, Disarmament and Demobilization
Sudan Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration Programme (SDDRP)
Preparatory Support Project for DDR in Darfur
Women Associated with Armed Forces WAAF Reintegration in Blue Nile State

Closed Projects
Support to Human Security in Eastern Sudan
Recovery of Abyei Area through Good Governance and Poverty Reduction
Interim Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Programme for Sudan



Copyright (c) United Nations Development Programme Sudan, 2011. All rights reserved
Copyrights and terms of use

Contributes to MDG 7