Publications


Seeds for Development (UNDP Sudan In Action)




“Seeds for Development – UNDP Sudan in Action”, is the latest report from UNDP Sudan that looks at some aspects of our impact on the ground in areas such as fostering democratic governance and rule of building, poverty reduction, crisis prevention and recovery.


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Sudan Millennium Development Goals Progress Report 2010




The Sudan Millennium Development Goals Report 2010 assesses the progress made in Sudan towards achieving the MDGs and uses data from the most recent national census (2008), National Baseline Household Srveys (2009) as well as the State Household Survey 2006.


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MICROFINANCE CONSULTANCY TO EASTERN SUDAN




In 2006, the Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement was signed, ending twelve years of devastating conflict. Kassala and to a lesser extent Gedaref states were left with very limited capacity, declining institutions, inadequate and decaying physical infrastructure, eroded human capital and shattered social structures. The influx of refugees to Eastern Sudan put additional stress on the already scarce natural resources, and the conflict coincided with a severe cycle of droughts, causing additional environmental degradation and depletion.
Expectations among the peoples of the East to see their historical marginalisation reverse through tangible peace dividend were high following the peace agreement, but implementation has been slow. Poverty in the Eastern states is widespread, economic inequality is significant, and human development indicators are among the lowest in the country.


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MICROFINANCE ASSESSMENT CONSULTANCY TO DARFUR, SUDAN



The trading networks and entrepreneurship of Darfuri traders are legendary and Darfur has long been the source of Sudan’s most important exports of agricultural produce, including groundnuts, gum arabic and livestock. Its modern economy remains based on agriculture and trade, but chronic under-investment, marginalization and isolation from the rest of the Sudanese economy has disabled the region from reaching its full production and trading potential.
To a large extent, the conflict that escalated in Darfur in 2003 represents a modern flare-up of grievances caused by natural, political, national and local processes that started deep in history and have continued during colonial times as well as under the regimes that have ruled Sudan since Independence. The key economic impacts observable today are a combination of the acute effects of the latest conflict and the gradual impact of increased competition for scarce political, economic and natural resources. Whether gradual or acute, the loss of rural livelihoods has had a direct impact on the rate of urbanisation, and the natural resources in the fragile climatic region have been seriously compromised by the increase and urban concentration of people.


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Pro-Poor Hibiscus Value Chain Integration in Sudan




More than 80 major Sudanese and international stakeholders and actors within the hibiscus value chain gathered on October 21st, 2010 at the Sudanese Chambers of Industries Association. The purpose of the meeting was to discuss key findings of a joint Hibiscus Value Chain Assessment in Western Sudan and to develop recommendations for increasing profits for the mainly female hibiscus farmers while boosting hibiscus exports.The event was jointly organized by the Central Bank of Sudan, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of International Cooperation, the Ahfad University for Women, the Sudanese Chambers of Industries Association, the Sudanese Businessmen and Employers Federation, Practical Action, IFAD and UNDP Sudan.


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Macroeconomic Policies For Poverty Reduction: The Case of Sudan




This report on “Macroeconomics Policies for Poverty Reduction in Sudan” is part of a global UNDP-supported project that started in 2001 and has grown to encompass policy-oriented research, advisory services and capacity development in 25 developing countries. Among the Arab States, UNDP has supported similar studies in Morocco, Yemen and Syria. This report has been prepared under the umbrella of the project: “Participatory Economic Policy Reform”.


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Land Issues and Peace in Sudan



The endorsement of Naivasha Agreement, the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and the Interim Period Constitution have created a new reality, and opened up wide opportunities to reform the various land-related legislations, policies, structures and institutions. The genuine implementation of these documents and the concomitant land related reforms can be conductive to the elimination, or at least serious amelioration, of poverty, grievances, marginalization and resource-based conflicts.

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Nomads’ Settlement in Sudan: Experiences, Lessons and Future Action



Pastoralism in Sudan is a traditional way of life. It is a product of climatic and environmental factors that has become a form of natural resource use and management.Pastoralism comprises a variety of movements ranging from pure nomadism characterized by year-around camel breeding and long-distance migration, to seasonal movements over shorter distances in combination with some form of agricultural activities.Historically, there has long been tension along pastoral corridors over land and grazing rights between nomads and farmers. But recently, some parts of the country have been caught in a complex tangle of severe droughts and dwindling resources.

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Pastoral Production Systems in South Kordofan



This report describes the results of a rapid field assessment of the pastoral environment of South Kordofan, Sudan. The purpose of the assessment is to enable the UNDP Reduction of Resource-Based Conflict Project to formulate programming initiatives in the area. Since January 2002, interest in South Kordofan has risen with the Ceasefire Agreement in the Nuba Mountains and the end of conflict. South Kordofan is significant for Sudan’s overall wealth as it has about one-third of the country’s livestock population. The area also assumes importance because nomadic pastoralists trek long distances across the territory, crossing state boundaries and encountering other tribal groups.

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Share the Land or Part the Nation: The Pastoral Land Tenure System in Sudan



This study addresses federal legislation and policies and the local customary systems of natural resource management and tenure in Sudan, and seeks to highlight the implications of that interface for pastoral production systems. The exposition of local-level processes is pursued with particular reference to the rights of pastoralists in three major areas in Sudan-North Kordofan, North Darfur and the Sobat Basin in Southern Sudan.

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Budget analysis for pro-poor spending



This paper focuses on conducting a budgetary review and analysis focusing on government spending. The aim is to first create a baseline understanding of overall allocations with a focus on those for poverty reduction. This will allow for the identification of areas for improved Public Expenditure management in terms of re-allocations, reforms and future monitoring.


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Institutions and Processes in Public Finance Management in Sudan



This paper addresses issues related to institutions and processes of public finance management (PFM) in the context of a transitional economy that is still in the infant stage of building required human and institutional capacities for ever lasting peace. The Public financial management institutions and processes to be tackled are the set of procedures, laws, regulations and structures that are in place to enable government to effectively discharge different budget responsibilities.

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Wealth Sharing and Intergovernmental Transfers in Sudan



After the adoption of the Federal System of Government in Sudan-based as it is on public participation and motivation-the system of allocation of financial resources has gained special significance. In order to ensure an effective federal system of government at all levels, financial resources must be allocated in a manner that enables each level of government to satisfactorily perform the duties and responsibilities entrusted to it.

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