at the national level with staff
based in Khartoum/Kassala and
the Red Sea
2007 – June 2010
Prevention and Recovery
Sudan DDR Commission (NSDDRC)
person in UNDP:
Ibrahim, Programme Officer
a vast sun-blasted land of some 300,000
square kilometers, is home to an estimated
three to four million of Sudan’s
poorest people. The region is made
up of three states: Red Sea, Gadaref
and Kassala. In each of these states
the living conditions are so harsh
that the local population has been
facing acute poverty, persistent drought
and famine, a lack of adequate access
to healthcare and education, high
levels of unemployment, in addition
to land degradation and shrinking
pasture areas, for a very long time.
It is such poverty, coupled with successive
government policies, which has undermined
the livelihoods of people in the state.
This state of affairs led to a low-intensity
conflict, which continued for eleven
years and was ultimately settled with
the signing of the Eastern Sudan Peace
Agreement (ESPA) in October 2006 between
the Government of Sudan and the Eastern
The Agreement covers economic, political
and security issues, including power
sharing at federal and regional level
and wealth sharing in the three eastern
states. As part of the implementation
of the peace agreement, combatants
need to be disarmed, demobilized and
receive basic reintegration support,
while longer term reintegration mechanisms
are rolled out. The security arrangements
of the ESPA call for the establishment
of an Integration Committee that would
screen and approve the integration
of Eastern Front ex-combatants into
the security forces of the Government
of National Unity (GoNU). The ex-combatants
that chose not to apply for integration
into the GoNU security forces, or
that were deemed unfit for active
duty, were offered participation in
the Demobilization Disarmament and
Reintegration (DDR) programme.
To address critical DDR requirements,
in conjunction with the ESPA, through
the Bureau of Crisis Prevention and
Recovery (BCPR), in June 2007 UNDP
launched the project “Support
to Human Security in Eastern Sudan”.
The overall objective of the project
is to contribute to the return of
peace and security in Eastern Sudan.
The specific objectives of the project
• To provide timely and effective
technical and operational support
to the design, start-up and early
implementation of the DDR process,
expected to cover up to 5,000 beneficiaries.
• To build urgent capacities
for DDR in Eastern Sudan.
• To register and screen ex-combatants
and prepare for specialized support
for Women Associated with Armed Forces
and Groups (WAAFG) and other special
• To provide camp based assistance
for up to 5,000 demobilized ex-combatants,
the disabled and WAAFG.
• To provide reinsertion packages
for up to 4,500 demobilized ex-combatants.
• To conduct community mapping
of socio-economic risks at the state
and locality levels, in order to address
vulnerabilities and enhance prospects
Snapshots of the project's major achievements
• Registered, screened and verified,
issued ID cards, provided medical
screening and support, HIV/AIDS counseling
for a total of 1,700 ex-combatants
from the Eastern Sudan Front.
• Reinsertion packages, consisting
of non-food items, a WFP food package
and US$400 transitional safety allowance,
were distributed to all participants.
• A total of 750 small arms
were collected during the exercise.
• The NSDDRC and IUNDDRU distributed
WFP food packages to the demobilized
ex-combatants in April 2008. The food
packages consist of a 90 day ration
for a family of five.
• One on one counseling for
reintegration began on 1 August for
the demobilized ex-combatants. IUNDDRU
and NSDDRC staff counsel participants
on their reintegration options and
will be referring them to implementing
partners once they decided on an option.
• As of the end of December
2008, approximately 1,700 participants
were participating in reintegration
opportunities provided by the IUNDDRU
• The remaining 1,200 DDR candidates
are schedule to begin their demobilization
activities in February 2009.
• Community security activities
are beginning implementation to address
triggers and root causes of local
level conflicts in the three states.