Peace Agreement (CPA) calls for the
Demobilization, Disarmament and Reintegration
(DDR) of former combatants and special
groups, and the promotion of community
security and arms control. The objective
of the DDR process as a whole is to
contribute to creating an enabling
environment for human security, and
to support post-peace-agreement social
stabilization across the Sudan, particularly
in war affected areas.
The UN Security Council Resolution
1590 (2005) defined in these terms
the UN Mission in Sudan’s (UNMIS)
mandate in support of the DDR process:
“To assist in the establishment
of the disarmament, demobilization
and reintegration programme as called
for in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement,
with particular attention to the special
needs of women and child combatants,
and its implementation through voluntary
disarmament and weapons collection
To support the northern and southern
DDR commissions that are responsible
for implementing the DDR process in
the country, an Interim DDR Programme
(IDDRP) was launched in January 2006,
with the support of the European Commission,
the Government of Japan and the Government
of Canada. Carried out by UNMIS
and UNDP, this interagency programme
takes place within a comprehensive
process of national reconciliation
throughout the country, as part of
the peace and confidence building
Since the signing of the CPA, the
UNDP-implemented portion of the Interim
Demobilization Disarmament and Reintegration
Programme, which was designed initially
to support the preliminary process,
was extended to further build the
capacity of the National Interim DDR
Authorities (north and south), establish
offices and support various DDR planning
The main objective is to establish
and build the capacity of the DDR
institutions and civil society, while
initiating basic DDR processes for
selected priority target groups.
The IDDRP has the following specific
•To establish and build the
capacities of institutions.
• To develop the Reintegration
Programme for Special Needs Groups
and other target groups.
• Demobilize, reinsert and reintegrate
special needs groups, Women Associated
with Armed Forces and Groups (WAAFG),
Children Affected with Armed Forces
Groups (CAAFG) and soldiers with physical
and psychological disabilities.
• Preparations for formal (multi-year)
DDR and Security Sector Reform (SSR).
• Develop and link policies
• Support pre-registration and
development of screening mechanisms.
• Develop formal (multi-year)
DDR Programme – DDR Phase I.
Snapshots of the project's major achievements
Despite significant challenges, much
progress has been made under the IDDRP
towards implementing DDR in accordance
with the CPA and Security Council
resolution 1590 (2005).
• The NSSDDRC, SSDDRC, SAF and SPLA,
pre-registered approximately 50,000
candidates with support from the UNDDRU.
• In depth reintegration opportunities
mapping has been carried out in 17
states (2006 to 2008) and will continue
on an ongoing basis to informing planning.
A detailed HIV Referral Services Mapping
was undertaken in early 2007 in 22
states, which will allow state commission
offices and IPs to refer participants
to voluntary HIV testing and treatment
• Two reintegration pilot projects
were carried out in Khartoum for 50
disabled ex-combatants and 52 WAAFG
who were demobilized in 2006. The
projects were implemented by national
NGOs with close technical support
from the NSDDRC and IUNDDRU.
• The DREAM database, which will assist
the commissions to plan, monitor and
evaluate reintegration, has been designed.
• Two HIV Peer Educators Trainings
for SAF and one HIV Peer Educators
and one VCT Counselor’s Trainings
for SPLA were carried out.
• HIV briefing session and handout
materials were prepared for use at
the DD site. Materials have been translated
into Arabic and approved by the NSDDRC
and Sudanese National AIDS Programme
• The Hakamas, a group of women singers
who used to sing to encourage fighting
in the Nuba Mountains,were in peace
education in communities across Southern
Kordofan and in Nuba IDP camps in
Khartoum. The Hakamas project successfully
completed two phases, the latter of
which provided the Hakamas with livelihood
support to encourage them to continue
their peacebuilding activities.
• The UNDDRU supported the NSDDRC
to carry out pre-registration and
verification exercises for WAAFG in
South Kordofan, Khartoum and Blue
• In Akobo and Pibor counties in Jonglei
State, approximately 3,000 weapons
were collected in civilian disarmament
• Community Security Threat Mapping
was conducted in South Kordofan State.
• Community security projects focusing
on mediation and reconciliation were
implemented in South Kordofan State,
Blue Nile State and Khartoum State.
• The IUNDDRU has supported capacity
building for the N/SSDDRC through
the organization of several in-country
trainings, by sending N/SSDDRC staff
to international DDR training opportunities
and through ongoing on-the-job mentoring.
The IDDRP also supported the renovation
of joint North and South DDR Commission
offices in the Three Transitional