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News number: 9106062768

15:37 | 2012-09-10

Science

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Iran Readying to Start National Accelerator Project

TEHRAN (FNA)- Iran on Monday announced plans to develop a 'National Accelerator' project to carry out different hi-tech research and studies inside the country.



"The National Accelerator has extensive applications in health, engineering, construction, pharmaceutical production and agricultural fields and we will witness in the future that scientists and researchers will come to this center to put their theoretical projects into action," Iranian Vice-President for Science and Technology Nasrin Soltankhah said on Monday.

"The important national accelerator project will be the first large-scale laboratory to conduct interdisciplinary research and studies in Iran, acquire the technology to design the third generation of sincrotrone accelerators and develop the ability to reach the frontiers of science and technology," she added.

Soltankhah said that Qazvin province in Northern Iran has been sited as the best location for building the laboratory.

A particle accelerator is a device that uses electromagnetic fields to propel charged particles to high speeds and to contain them in well-defined beams.

There are two basic classes of accelerators, known as electrostatic and oscillating field accelerators. Electrostatic accelerators use static electric fields to accelerate particles. A small-scale example of this class is the cathode ray tube in an ordinary old television set.

Other examples are the Cockcroft-Walton generator and the Van de Graaf generator. The achievable kinetic energy for particles in these devices is limited by electrical breakdown. Oscillating field accelerators, on the other hand, use radio frequency electromagnetic fields and circumvent the breakdown problem. This class, which development started in the 1920s, is the basis for all modern accelerator concepts and large-scale facilities. Rolf Wideroe, Gustav Ising, Le? Szil?rd, Donald Kerst and Ernest Lawrence are considered as pioneers of this field, conceiving and building the first operational linear particle accelerator, the betatron, and the cyclotron.

Alongside their best known use in particle physics as colliders (e.g. LHC, RHIC, Tevatron), particle accelerators are used in a large variety of applications, including particle therapy for oncological purposes, and as synchrotron light sources for fields such as condensed matter physics.