During the two-day meeting presided by Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad a number of 63 leaders of the NAM member states conveyed their opinions to their counterparts in the largest international grouping after the UN.
During the closing ceremony, the participating heads of state approved and issued a final statement with over 680 paragraphs on various topics, including opposition to aliens' interference in Syria's internal affairs, opposition to the unilateral sanctions against countries, supporting countries' independence and supporting the Palestinian cause and the Palestinian nation's rights.
Opposition to political misuse of human rights, necessity of nuclear disarmament,
opposition to racism and Islamophobia, developing a mechanism to follow up on NAM's approvals and decisions through a secretariat, support for Iran's right to make a peaceful use of the nuclear energy, and opposition to the United States' unilateral sanctions are among the main topics touched in the final statement.
The NAM conference kicked off work here in the Iranian capital on Sunday. NAM's experts first discussed the agenda of the summit meeting on Sunday and Monday followed by the foreign ministers' meeting on Tuesday and Wednesday before the two-day heads-of-state summit which ended tonight.
NAM was founded in Belgrade in 1961 by Yugoslav president Josip Broz Tito, Indian prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, Ghana's first president Kwame Nkrumah, and Indonesian president Sukarno, all legends of the national liberation movement, with solid anti-imperial credentials, who advocated a middle course for the developing world between the Western and Eastern blocs in the Cold War.
Its principles are solidarity and peaceful resolution of conflicts, though it was founded as a counterweight to the superpowers, abjuring big power military alliances and pacts.
Nonetheless, NAM represents nearly two-thirds of UN members and 55% of the world's population. At the seventh summit held in New Delhi in 1983, the movement described itself as "history's biggest peace movement", placing equal emphasis on disarmament.
During the 1970s and early 1980s, NAM sponsored a campaign for restructuring commercial relations between developed and developing nations, the New International Economic Order and its cultural offspring, the New World Information and Communication Order, which still has relevance today.
The movement is publicly committed to sustainable development and the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals, making international financial decision-making more democratic, easing poor countries' debt burden, making trade fairer and increasing foreign aid.
By hosting the conference and taking on the responsibility for NAM leadership, Iran is clearly intent on injecting new life into the most important anti-imperialist international organization.
NAM summits have traditionally been held every few years. Of the last three, two were hosted by Muslim countries - Malaysia (2003) and Egypt (2009). The 2006 conference was hosted by Cuba. The new prominence of Muslim countries in NAM's affairs shows that the Muslim world has begun to take on the mantle of third world solidarity once claimed by the socialist world.