Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province with 16532 sq. km is situated between to 31° 09' North latitude and also to 32° 48' East longitude. This Province is located at the center of Zagros Mountains, between the internal mountains and Isfahan mountains. This province is limited to Isfahan from the north and the East, from the west to Khuzestan province, from the south to Kohgilouyeh and Boyer Ahmad and from the Northwest to Lorestan province. Its capital is Shahrekord.
Other major cities include: Farsan, Chelgard, Ardal, Borujen and Lordegan.
Peoples of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province speak Lori language. Lori also represents a language continuum between Persian language and Kurdish language varieties, and is itself composed of three distinct languages: Loristani, Bakhtiari and Southern Lori.
Handicrafts and Souvenirs of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari
Different kinds of handicrafts and souvenirs are the famous Chalshotori carpet, tribal carpets and rugs, felt, Giveh or a type of local foot ware, Khorjeen or Saddlebags, Jajeem (a loosely woven woolen cloths), Gelim (a coarse carpet), satchels, table cloths and salt cellars, Khor, Jol, Palas, Kachmehdan and Gazz.
Local and Regional Foods, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari
In this province the following can be said to be a part of the local dishes : Aash-e-Jow torsheh, Bakhtiyari Aabgoosht, Yogurt Eshkeneh, Nishi Tanoori, Gorgoreh Holar, Sooq Dooq, Borani, Omaj, Aab Torshi, Kami Sheer, cheleek, Haleem, Rice, Polow Ajor, Kaleh Joosh, Amorbi, Dambeh Roodeh, Geshneezaab, Oak Naan and a variety of other curries. Amongst the Tol Tribe, dishes such as Reevas or Shubarb, Rangar or a type of artichoke, Museer or Shallot, Apple eider, Aash Lashk, or a soup made of dried whey, Aash-e-Sheer, Pol Dooq, Bakhtiyari Kabab with both meat and chicken including a variety of bread.
Local Music and Dances, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari
Music and poetry in Bakhtiyari Tribes have an ever lasting links to their lives. Bakhtiyari music tunes, are known as verses, which are 20-25 in numbers. Each clan has their own special group of musicians that are called "Tooshmal". Tooshmals have separate clans and residing places. They gain their annual income by participating in various festivals and ceremonies such as wedding or mourning rituals. Farming and animal husbandry are considered to be their second occupational activities. One of the rigid customs that prevail is that they do not allow their women folk to marry out of their clan or visa versa (endogamy).
Tooshmals being musicians and poetic in nature usually spend most of their times conjuring verses, anecdotes, riddles and proverbs. They contribute a great deal to the literature of Bakhtiyari Tribe.
The musical instruments of Bakhtiyaries include kettle drum, cymbals, flute, horn, drums and dulcimer.
In the province of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, a variety of local dances are performed at festivals and other ceremonies. The famous dances are named as stick dance, wedding dance, handkerchief dance, Slow and fast dances as well as statue dance.
In marriage ceremonies usually men and women dance all together with participants in each group holding each other's hands.
This province has hundreds of tourist attractions and historical monuments. The followings are just a few of these tourist charms which attract tens of thousands of people from Iran and across the world each year.
Dehnoo is one of the springs of Behesht Abad area. Being close to the cities of Brujen, Gandoman, Shahrekord and Beldaji and due to an easy access to it, Dehnoo is considered as a pleasant recreational spot. In addition to these facilities being present at the foot of the mountains, enhances its beauty.
Dorahan Forest Zone
This forest zone covers an area of 2000 hectares and is limited from the north to Gandoman and Ardal, from east to Semirom, from south to Felard and from west to Khan Mirza. The main forest area of this region includes Sar Peer, Soltan Ebrahim Derazrood (Roodak), Kordeh Bisheh and Shams Abad.
Constitution Movement Inscriptions (Peer-e-Qar)
Peer-e-Qar is one of the recreational areas of Chahar Mahal which is located in the Mizdaj region. On a part of a stony hillock there are three epigraphs in the Persian script on slabs of stone. These epigraphs narrate the movement of the troops of Bakhtiyari under the command of Sardar As'ad to Tehran, and their contribution in Constitutional Movement.
Kooh Rang Tunnel, Chelgerd
This tunnel is situated near Chelgerd city. The said tunnel was constructed so as to annex the waters of Koohrang to that of the Zayandeh Rood. It is said that construction of the tunnel began during the Sassanid period and approximately from the time of Shah Abbas I. At that time they planned to make a vertical crevice right at the vertical axis of Karkonan Mountain and by means of a dam which crosses the same axis, to increase the water level in Karoon River, thus leading the water through the crevice made in the mountain.
The difference in distance from the peak to the river bed was measured 300 m. The height of the dam was 50 m. and the height of the crevice 250 m. so as to allow a water flow. For this aim fifteen years of construction work took place and even now a days many effects have been left which include: Shah Cut (Tarasheh).It is said that for this much of cut which was made at the time of Shah Abbas approximately 5 million workers were required and for 15 years these workers labored at excavating free of charge.
After Shah Abbas passed away, this construction activity was stopped and forgotten. In recent decades the new tunnel of Koohrang was constructed joining the 3 water branches of the Karoon River to 3 water branches of Zayandeh Rood and therefore has created an interesting vicinity worth seeing.
Dareh Eshq Waterfall
This waterfall is more than 100 m. height and gushes out from the heart of the mountain in such a way which is considered as a spectacular sight of its own. It can be noted as one of the tallest waterfalls in Iran, having a vast space underneath, alongside which the Kroon River lazily continues on its course. Opposite the site of this waterfall, comes in to view wonderful chestnut trees that enhance the scene. Besides which, between the two rural settlements of Dareh Eshq and Durak Shah Puri pomegranate orchards as well as lush rice fields come within sight.
Haft Tanan Mountain
This peak rises to more than 4,000 m. and is a favorite spot for mountain climbers. In the lower altitudes, the Kulunchi Mountains exists at a height of 3,988 m.
This waterfall is located in the southern part of the province, 40 km southeast of Lordegan, in a village called Atashgah . This village is in fact a narrow valley brimming with natural and fresh beauty. The valley besides its picturesque beauty has a turbulent stream running through it, over the gypsum and limestone as well as being sheltered with archaic trees such as walnut and chestnuts. Due to the inclination of the terrain various other smaller waterfalls are also present. In spite of its moderately warm climate, the valley itself experiences cool weather. About 200 m. of this valley, two other large waterfalls add to the scenic beauty of the environment thus providing a recreational spot.
Lordegan Forest Zone
This forest zone covers an area of 16300 hectares, and its neighboring provinces are Ardal from north, the border of Kohgilouyeh Va Boyer Ahmad province from south , Felard from east and from west is limited to border of Khuzestan province. The main forest area of this region includes Menj, Bidleh, Ureh, Bard-Karchaneh, Barez Va Shavar and Sabz Kooh.
On the fringes of the Lordegan River lush rice fields come to view, specially in the months of spring and summer. Most of the rivers in the province of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari have a wide variety of fish the most important being the Siah Shakuli a species of the Cyprinidae. Besides which this area due to climatic conditions provides facilities for the nurturing of Trout.
Chaloshtor is situated 10 km northwest of Shahrekord. This castle had been the ruling center much long before Shahrekord gained importance. The castle belonged to Khoda Rahim Khan Bakhtiyari and at present except for a small portion, the rest of the castle is ruined.
Dehqan Samany Tomb
Abolfath Dehqan Samani (Seif-ol-Shoara) was a sufi who lived among the Bakhtiyari Tribes and expired in 1326 AH. The tomb of this sufi is situated approx. 28km to the north of Shahrekord and near by Zaman Khan Bridge. The architecture and method of construction of this tomb is worth to be noticing.
Jonaqan or Joneqoon is a small city, situated at 38 km southwest of Shahrekord which was the residential quarter of the Khans of the Bakhtiyari Tribe. In the year 1939 AH, Ali Qoli Khan Sardar As'ad built this castle or palace, covering an area of 14,000 sq. m. for his own residential purposes which had a different outlook. The architectural facade of this structure, namely the stone pillars are worth mentioning. Each stone pillar consists of many pieces of different shapes so that in its upper sections the pillars are tetrangular.
This mosque was built during the period of Atabakan of Lorestan in the year 605 AH. This mosque is built of sun dried bricks and in the year 1351 (1972) was registered as a cultural heritage site and therefore was then repaired.
Imamzadeh Halimeh and Hakimeh Khatoon
This building is situated in Shahrekord, and belongs to Qajar and Pahlavi eras. The construction material is made of sun dried mud bricks, bricks and gypsum. The main building in a southern direction, has a portico with a dome. The interior portion is octagonal in shape. The surface of the portico is simply covered with gypsum. In the eastern part there is also an entrance with portico which has an octagonal area, supported by two stony pillars and ornamented with colorful tiles. Inside the shrine there is a metal Zarih with two graves connected to each other.
On the wooden board of which the date of 1286 AH can be read. The doors of the shrine are ornamented with movable colored glasses (Orsi). On the sides of two big doors is an inscription, belonging to the founder of this monument, Hajiyeh Khorsheed Beigum, the daughter of Haj Mohammad Reza Khan Shahraki. The date 1332 AH is also recorded there. In the vicinity of this Imamzadeh there are some grave stones with dates of 1023 and 1130 AH carved on them.
Bazoft Forest Zone
This zone covers an area of 53,000 hectares and is 180 km away and to the west of Shahrekord. From north it reaches the borders of Lorestan, from south to Ardal, from east to Shahrekord and from the west to borders of Khuzestan province. The main forest area of this region includes Chahak, Talkhehdan, Badam Shirindan, Voleska, Chekooz and Cham Jendar.
Dena Mountain, Hafshejan
The track to the said peak begins at Hafshejan. After crossing Kollak garden and lower and upper Kamar Qarchi gardens, mountain climbers ascend the flat rocks on skirts of this mountain and finally by passing through that, they reach Dena peak.