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16:11 - 2012-10-11

Iran Celebrates National Day of Hafez

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Iranians on Thursday commemorate the national day of Hafez Shirazi, a 14th-century Persian poet and mystic highly revered by not only Iranians but also famous writers and scholars all across the world
Khajeh Shamseddin Mohammad Shirazi, known by his pen name Hafez, was born in Shiraz in Southern Iran in approximately 1320 A.D., twenty two years before the birth of Chaucer and a year before the death of Dante
His collected works composed of series of Persian poetry (Divan) are to be found in the homes of most people in Persia (Iran), Afghanistan and Tajikistan , as well as elsewhere in the world, who learn his poems by heart and use them as proverbs and sayings to this day
When he began to write poetry he selected Hafez for his pen-name or 'Takhallus'
'Hafez' is the title given to one who has learnt the whole of the Koran by heart and Hafez claimed to have done this in fourteen different ways
The renowned poet and mystic composed some 500 ghazals, 42 Rubaiyees, and a few Ghaseedeh's over a 50-year-long span of his career
Hafez only composed when he was divinely inspired, and therefore he averaged only about 10 Ghazals per year
His focus was to write poetry worthy of the Beloved
Ghazal is a short monorhyme consisting of successive couplets whose lines all end with the same refrain phrase, thus they form a rhyme scheme of aa, ba, ca, etc
The major themes of Hafez's ghazals are love, the celebration of wine and exposing the hypocrisy of those who have set themselves up as guardians, judges, and examples of moral rectitude
Known for his beautiful lyrical poems, Hafez has greatly influenced numerous Persian and Western writers including Ralph Waldo Emerson and Goethe
Iran Celebrates National Day of Hafez
Iranians on Thursday commemorate the national day of Hafez Shirazi, a 14th-century Persian poet and mystic highly revered by not only Iranians but also famous writers and scholars all across the world
Khajeh Shamseddin Mohammad Shirazi, known by his pen name Hafez, was born in Shiraz in Southern Iran in approximately 1320 A.D., twenty two years before the birth of Chaucer and a year before the death of Dante
His collected works composed of series of Persian poetry (Divan) are to be found in the homes of most people in Persia (Iran), Afghanistan and Tajikistan , as well as elsewhere in the world, who learn his poems by heart and use them as proverbs and sayings to this day
Iran Celebrates National Day of Hafez