Local Governance Development Public Expenditure Management in Eastern Sudan

Fast Facts:
Project document and reports available upon request
Location: Kassala, Gedaref and Red Sea States
Duration: 2007 - December 2012
Focus area: Democratic Governance
Contributions(USD): Netherlands: 1,462,499.28
Norway: 528,547.35
DFID: 1,911,105.59 Danish:194,939.16
Partners: Government of the three States
Contact person in UNDP: Maha Elshafie
Programme Officer

Surayo Buzurukova
Regional Programme Coordinator, Eastern Sudan


The Red Sea, Gedaref and Kassala states make up East Sudan, comprising an estimated total population in the range of 3 to 4 million inhabitants. For many years the local population endured acute poverty, drought, famine, and lack of access to healthcare and education, and high unemployment. This state of affairs led to a low-intensity rebel insurgency over eleven years that ended with the signing of the Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement (ESPA) between the Government of Sudan and the Eastern Front in October 2006.The agreement has brought opportunities for peace building, such as promoting development, social equity, and peace and reconciliation.

The ESPA also provides a meaningful opportunity to tackle the significant challenges faced by the states by strengthening the process of political and social integration and development. In this regard, under the ESPA, the three states committed themselves to the objective of sustainable economic, social and cultural development as a fundamental process to “address the longstanding marginalization of Eastern Sudan”. These pronunciations present an unprecedented ambition as well as urgency for sustained peace, recovery and development

In 2006, UNDP agreed (with the assessment by a Danish Mission) that effectiveness of interventions would best be served with more focus on building state institutional capacity to direct recovery and development activities. This led to the formulation and support to implementing of the State Capacity building component of the Poverty-oriented alleviation programme POAG) covering the Red Sea. Some key actions have been taken to strengthen the capabilities of the states in governance and service delivery, These achievements notwithstanding, there exist significant weaknesses particularly in the areas of planning, public expenditure management and institutional capacities that inhibit the states’ ability to guide development and improve delivery of services to communities.

Project Objectives
• Enhanced state capacities for planning and expenditure management
• Enhanced legal and policy framework and intergovernmental fiscal relations at state level
•   Strengthened institutional capacity for decentralized governance
• Targeted legal policy and institutional reforms designed and implemented
•   Eastern Sudan Forum institutionalized

Snapshots of the project's major achievements
Enhanced the capacity of state and local authorities for the planning and expenditure management. The number of attendees was 1281 representing finance, accountants, auditors and locality staff; and members of CSO institutions (as well including the 10 members study tour visits to Malaysia and Dubai.; The Locality Development Plans with cost calculation were developed for Nine localities of Gedaref ( El Faw, El Rahad , Western Galabat ,Eastern Galabat , Gadarif Municipality , Al Butana, El Fashaga ,Basonda and Rural Wasat El Gadarif) , and nine localities of Kassala State(Telkuk, Wad ElHelew ,Rural Kassala, Northern Delta, El Girba, West Kassala, New Halfa, River Atbara and Aroma) using participatory process with the involvement of the communities and NGO's to ensure bottom – up approach and update the (10) locality plans in the RSS
Capacity of State and local authorities (more than 900 participants) built through the different events on PEM, M&E, Election, Procurement, Planning and GF
Enhanced legal and policy framework and intergovernmental fiscal relations at State level through the review of procurement and contracting laws and regulations and guidelines that are in the process of approval by State Administration; the review of administrative functions in Gedaref and Kassala State was initiated and on-going
Strengthened institutional capacity for decentralized governance through workshops on federalism and constitutional development. This produced a critical mass of staff to oversee and manage decentralized governance processes
Targeted legal, policy and institutional reforms designed and implemented through the initiation of a UN technical working groups on democratic governance to provide technical and policy advice to the Government and ensure coherence in the UN interventions as we as programmes of support to the State Governments. Comprehensive terms of reference were produced to guide the process.
Conceptual and technical support was provided to the State Governments of Kassala, Gedaref and Red Sea to institutionalize sub-national macro-economic policy management. In Gedaref State, the State Economic Profile capturing economic situation, sectoral analysis, investment, infrastructure and investment map for future development was produced to form a basis for dialogue on legislative infrastructure and policy impact of legislations and legislative practice on economic development
The Locality Development Plans (Eighteen) for localities of Kassala and Gedaref States developed with clear objectives and cost calculation up to 2016
Local Development Fund is operational in ten localities of Red Sea State. By the date fund covered the 51 local infrastructure and service projects, as for Gedaref and Kassala States Due the lack of sufficient fund the Locality Development Funds were not established in Kassala and Gedaref. It is expected that the establishment will take place in the first quarter of 2013. The development of the LDF Manual finalized
LDF introduced as tool to exercise on prospects for economic development and poverty reduction within territory http://youtu.be/nnYBTg4-WDo
The Gedaref State Economic Performance Review 2010 – 2012 was completed. The review transcends simple analysis to policy formulation. The socio-economic indicators developed, recommendations of previous reviews were incorporated into the Economic Profile to produce a consolidated Sub-national Macroeconomic Blue Paper.
• In Kassala State, Sector Working Groups were establishedto understudy and produce sector specific chapters of the Macro-Economic Framework. Draft reports from all the sectors have been produced and are going through peer review. Secondly, A memorandum has been initiated to cause issuance of a Ministerial Decree establishing the State Macro-economic Unit that shall manage macro-economic policy processes. In Red Sea State, a guidance note was prepared and used to induct technical working groups charged with preparing and producing the State Macro-econo0mic framework. The State has also generated the State Gross Domestic Product that will be a basis for the macro-economic framework.
The process of developing a long-term capacity development strategy for public sector strategic planning received policy endorsement and support from the three States of Eastern Sudan. The academic programme on public sector strategic planning offered as; a) one semester general university course for undergraduates this will be compulsory for all courses in Eastern Sudan States Universities; Post Graduate Diploma and Certificate; c) Master’s Degree Programme and d) PhD is pending approval by the Federal Ministry. The programme was developed in partnership with Leadership of Omdurman Islamic University, Azari University and National High Academy of Security.
Collaborative focused work by bringing together educational institutes; The Three Eastern Sudan State Universities with participation of Omdurman Islamic University, Azari University and National High Academy of Security have agreed to establish an Academy/Institute for Strategic Planning in Eastern Sudan (to be housed at Gedaref University as home for the curriculum and proposed courses). Interim Administrative Board has been established and regulations produced.
The final evaluation of Gedaref State Strategic Plan 2006 – 2011 was completed and used to guide and inform the preparation of the 2012 – 2016 Plan. The documents have been endorsed by the Council of Minister and National Strategic Planning Council.
Support the establishment of the Planning and Information Units offices at locality level and staff capacity building in Kassala and Gedaref states
Development of a Manual for the preparation of the state and localities plans in collaboration with National council for Strategic planning
The Letter of Agreement for new activities of October 2012 - August 2012 was prepared to continue the activities with Ministry of Finance Gedaref State and Kassala State. Completion of activities for the year of August 2011- July 2012 with the Ministries in Kassala and Gedaref States.
• The locality plans were reviewed and updated in Red Sea State

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