Oil and Gas-Mining :|: Agribusiness :|: Manufacture and Services :|: Infrastructure Development


Traditionally, the center of the South Sudanese economy has been the agricultural sector. Abundant land and water and massive unmet local and regional demand creates excellent opportunities in many areas of agriculture, fisheries, livestock and forestry.

Ample Water, Ideal Climate & Rich Soils

  • At least 30 million hectares are arable (Less than 5% of arable land is used). Most of this comprises flat alluvial plains and gently rolling hills.
  • Nile & other rivers provide one of the highest levels of renewable water resources in the world (link access to water).
  • Rainfall ranges from 500mm to 2000mm per year (link to climate.
  • Intense solar radiation. In some zones, such as the green belt, you can grow two crops per year.

Local & Regional Market Potential

  • Local market of approx.12 million people. Food imports exceed $100 million per year.
  • 6 neighbouring countries with a combined population of over 250 million people import more than $4.5 billion of food and agricultural products.
  • Kingdom of Kush, historical breadbasket for region.

Conducive Business Environment

  • Agriculture and food security is a top priority for government
  • Investors can lease public & private land up to 99 years.
  • Duty-Free imports and tax concessions for agribusiness projects.

Agribusiness subsectors of opportunities:



  • Large volumes imported not only from South Sudan but also from most neighboring countries while global demand and prices are growing.

  • Large tracts of flat, relatively under-utilized land in alluvial plains along large rivers, sufficient rainfall and ample sunshine.

  • Several local and regional investors are already developing commercial farms, mainly in Upper Nile State.

  • Main challenges will be ensuring transparent and fair land-allocation process, fully engaging local communities; and transport infrastructure to reach markets.

Oil seeds

  • Unmet local and regional demand for edible oil, animal feed and fuel; booming global demand and prices.

  • Ideal conditions for oil-palm production in southern equatorial belt and for oil-seed crops along northern river valleys.


  • Less than 20% of local demand met. Most neighboring countries are also net importers while global demand and prices are strong.

  • Former plantations and mills may be appropriate for rehabilitation. Good FDI precedents in other Sub-Saharan countries

Horticulture & Floriculture

  • High altitude, high rainfall “greenbelt” along Uganda border, suitable for temperate horticulture and floriculture production – within 100km of international airport at Juba.

  • Widespread tropical fruit production – mango, pineapple, avocado, etc.


  • Coffee & tea plantations established in Greenbelt in the 1970s, abandoned during war.

  • Potential for investors to revive plantations and invest in coffee washing stations and tea factories.

Other crops (gum acacia, sesame.)

  • Sudan as a whole is a leading exporter of sesame and gum acacia – high value crops particularly in the Middle East.


  • Numerous large rivers, lakes and flood plains provide ideal area s for fishery. Potential to prod uce up to 300,000 Metric Tons per annum.
  • As traditional stocks deplete, global demand for lake and farmed fish growing strongly.
  • Nile perch, tilapia, catfish, mudfish, lungfish, moon fish (opah) and electric fish.


  • 12 million head of cattle and 11 million sheep and goats in Upper Nile, Bahr el Ghazal and Eastern Equatoria.
  • Very large export potential: exports of sheep and goats (>$40 million, mainly live animals sent to the Middle East) one of the largest export category after oil).
  • Traditional activity of large portion of population, so adequate skill-base. Large areas of underutilized land ideal for ranches and feed operations.


  • Rich biodiversity and forest plantations have led to the establishment of a small but growing sawmilling industry.
  • Natural forests and woodlands cover 29 per cent of the total land area of South Sudan. (Currently, commercial exploitation is limited only to teak, natural mahogany and gum Arabic).


Oil and Gas-Mining :|: Agribusiness :|: Manufacture and Services :|: Infrastructure Development