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Sustainable Materials Management

Sustainable Materials Management (SMM) is a systemic approach to using and reusing materials more productively over their entire lifecycles. The major stages in a material's lifecycle are raw material acquisition, materials manufacture, production, use/reuse/maintenance, and end of life management. By examining how materials are used throughout their lifecycle, an SMM approach seeks to:

Related Links

Greener Products
EPA's Greener Products portal allows users to search for EPA programs related to greener products based on the type of user and their specific product interests.

GSA Environmental Products
GSA offers a variety of environmental products and services to its federal customers to assist them in their efforts to comply with procurement responsibilities outlined in federal environmental laws and regulations.

Environmentally Preferable Purchasing
EPA's program to encourage and assist federal agencies in purchasing environmentally preferable products and services.

Federal Environmental Executive and Executive Orders
The latest sustainability requirements through the Executive Orders.

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The Comprehensive Procurement Guideline (CPG) program is part of EPA's continuing effort to promote the use of materials recovered from solid waste. Buying recycled-content products ensures that the materials collected in recycling programs will be used again in the manufacture of new products. Currently there are 61 products designated in eight categories.

The CPG program is authorized by Congress under Section 6002 (PDF) (6 pp, 51 K,) of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and Executive Order 13423 (PDF) (7 pp, 105K). EPA is required to designate products that are or can be made with recovered materials, and to recommend practices for buying these products. Once a product is designated, procuring agencies are required to purchase it with the highest recovered material content level practicable.

Purchasing products with recycled content is also part of the Executive Order (EO) 13514, "Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance" (13 pp, 180 K) requirements and Federal Agency Strategic Sustainability Performance Plans. Executive Order 13514 requires Federal agencies to measure, report, and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) pollution from agency operations to reduce waste, increase efficiency, and cut costs.


The Products section details the eight CPG product categories, 61 products, and provides detailed specifications, definitions and required percentages of recovered material.

Product Supplier Directory

Where can I find products? The Product Supplier Directory is an online, searchable database of available suppliers of products in the eight CPG categories.

Add to the Directory

How do I get listed on the directory? Companies that supply the CPG designated products with recommended recycled materials content may request to be added to the EPA CPG supplier directory.

Program History

What is the CPG program's history? As part of the CPG designation process, EPA publishes supporting documentation and background information.


The Resources section includes Product Resource Guides for eight categories of products, FAQs, Glossary of terms, and additional links.

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