Types of Pesticide Ingredients
Pesticide active ingredients are described by the types of pests they control or how they work.
Well known pesticides include:
- rodenticides, and
Less well-known pesticides include:
- plant defoliants,
- swimming pool treatments, and
- plant growth regulators.
The following list will help you understand the wide range of types of pesticides:
- Algicides kill algae in lakes, canals, swimming pools, water tanks, and other sites.
- Antifoulants kill or repel organisms that attach to underwater surfaces, such as barnacles that cling to boat bottoms.
- Antimicrobials kill microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses.
- Attractants lure pests to a trap or bait, for example, attract an insect or rodent into a trap. (However, food is not considered a pesticide when used as an attractant.)
- Biopesticides are derived from natural materials such as animals, plants, bacteria, and certain minerals.
- Biocides kill microorganisms.
- Defoliants cause leaves or foliage to drop from a plant, usually to facilitate harvest.
- Desiccants promote drying of living tissues, such as unwanted plant tops.
- Disinfectants and sanitizers kill or inactivate disease-producing microorganisms on inanimate objects.
- Fungicides kill fungi (including blights, mildews, molds, and rusts).
- Fumigants produce gas or vapor intended to destroy pests, for example in buildings or soil.
- Herbicides kill weeds and other plants that grow where they are not wanted.
- Insect growth regulators disrupt the molting, maturing from pupal stage to adult, or other life processes of insects.
- Insecticides kill insects and other arthropods.
- Miticides (also called acaricides) kill mites that feed on plants and animals.
- Microbial pesticides are microorganisms that kill, inhibit, or out-compete pests, including insects or other microorganism pests.
- Molluscicides kill snails and slugs.
- Nematicides kill nematodes (microscopic, worm-like organisms that feed on plant roots).
- Ovicides kill eggs of insects and mites.
- Pheromones disrupt the mating behavior of insects.
- Plant growth regulators alter the expected growth, flowering, or reproduction rate of plants (does not include fertilizers).
- Plant Incorporated Protectants are substances that plants produce from genetic material that has been added to the plant.
- Repellents repel pests, including insects (such as mosquitoes) and birds.
- Rodenticides control mice and other rodents.