Real-Time Observation of Surface Bond Breaking with an X-ray Laser

Authors: 
Martina Dell'Angela, Toyli Anniyev, Martin Beye, Ryan Coffee, Alexander Föhlisch, Jürgen Gladh, Tetsuo Katayam, Sarp Kaya, Oleksiy Krupin, Jerry LaRue, Andreas Møgelhøj, Dennis Nordlund, Jens K. Nørskov, Henrik Öberg, Hirohito Ogasawara, Henrik Öström, Lars G. M. Pettersson, Wolfgang F. Schlotter, Jonas A. Sellberg, Florian Sorgenfrei, Joshua J. Turner, Martin Wolf, Wilfried Wurth, Anders Nilsson
Year of publication: 
2013
Journal: 
Science

We used the Linac Coherent Light Source free-electron x-ray laser to probe the electronic structure of CO molecules as their chemisorption state on Ru(0001) changes upon exciting the substrate by using a femtosecond optical laser pulse. We observed electronic structure changes that are consistent with a weakening of the CO interaction with the substrate but without notable desorption. A large fraction of the molecules (30%) was trapped in a transient precursor state that would precede desorption. We calculated the free energy of the molecule as a function of the desorption reaction coordinate using density functional theory, including van der Waals interactions. Two distinct adsorption wells—chemisorbed and precursor state separated by an entropy barrier—explain the anomalously high prefactors often observed in desorption of molecules from metals.

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