All Hawaii Publications   Peter Vitousek's CV and Publications



Publications on Hawai’i Research, and/or supported by grants for work in Hawai’i.

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Berger, A. J., D. Mueller-Dombois, S. Conant, F. J. Radovsky and F. G. Howarth. Community structure and niche differentiation: introduction.  Pages 213-230 in Island Ecosystems.  US/IBP Synthesis Series 15.  Hutchinson-Ross Publ. 583 pp.


Bridges, K. W., C. H. Lamoureux, D. Mueller-Dombois, P. Q. Tomich, J. R. Leeper, J. W. Beardsley, W. A. Stefan, Y. K Paik, and K. C. Sung..  Temporal variation of organisms studied.  Pages 391-422 in Island Ecosystems.  US/IBP Synthesis Series 15. Hutchinson-Ross Publ. 583 pp.


Carson, H.L. Microevolution in insular ecosystems. Pages 471-482 in Island Ecosystems

       D. Mueller-Dombois, K. W. Bridges, and H. L. Carson, eds. US/IBP Synthesis Series 15. Hudchinson-Ross. Publ.  583 pp.


Howard, F.G. Community structure and niche differentiation in Hawaiian lava tubes. Pages 318-336 in Island Ecosystems. US/IBP Synthesis Series 15. Hutchinson-Ross Publ. 583 pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D. Spatial variation and succession in tropical island rain forests. Hawaii Botanical Science Paper 41. 93 pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D.  Monitoring island ecosystems: The Hawaiian rain forest dieback.  Pages 170-176 in Ecology and Environmental Protection in the Pacific Region. V. I. Kontrimavichus and I. P. Kartashov, eds.  UNEP Public.  NAUKA, Moscow. 272 pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D., K. W. Bridges and H. L. Carson, eds.  Island Ecosystems: Biological Organization in Selected Hawaiian Communities.  US/IBP Synthesis Series 15.  Hutchinson-Ross Publ.  Co. Distributed by Academic Press. 583 pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D.  Some environmental conditions and the general design of IBP research in Hawaii.  Pages 3-32 in Island Ecosystems.  US/IBP Synthesis Series 15.  Hutchinson-Ross Publ. 583 pp.


Mueller Dombois, D. and K W.  Bridges. Spatial distribution of island biota: introduction.  Pages 35-76 in Island Ecosystems.  US/IBP Synthesis Series 15.  Hutchinson-Ross Publ. 583 pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D., G. Spatz, S. Conant, P. Q. Tomich, F. J. Radowsky, J. M. Tenorio, W.Gagne, B. M. Brennan, W. C. Mitchell, D. Springer, G. A. Samuelson, J. L. Gressitt, W. A. Steffan, Y. K Paik, K. C. Sung, D. E. Hardy, M. D. Delfinado, D. Fujii, M. S. Doty, L. J. Watson, M. F. Stoner, and G. E. Baker. Altitudinal distribution of organisms along an island mountain transect.  Pages 77-180 in Island Ecosystems.  US/IBP Synthesis Series 15.  Hutchinson-Ross Publ. 583 pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D.  Spatial integration of organisms studied along the transect.  Pages 181-210 in Island Ecosystems US/IBP Synthesis Series 15.  Hutchinson-Ross Publ. 583 pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D., R. G.  Coorey, J. E. Maka, G. Spatz, W. C. Gagne, F. G. Howarth, J. L. Gressitt, G. A. Samuelson, S. Conant, and P. Q. Tomich..  Structural variation of organism groups in the Kilauea forest.  Pages 231-317 in Island Ecosystems.  US/IBP Synthesis Series 15.  Hutchinson-Ross Publ. 583pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D. and F.G. Howarth.  Niche and life-form integration in island communities.  Pages 337-364 in Island Ecosystems.  US/IBP Synthesis Series 15.  Hutchinson-Ross Publ. 583 pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D. Island ecosystems: what is unique about their ecology? pages 485-501 in Island Ecosystems.  US/IBP Synthesis Series 15.  Hutchinson-Ross Publ. 583 pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D. Understanding Hawaiian forest ecosystems: the key to biological conservation.  Pages 502-520 in Island Ecosystems.  US/IBP Synthesis Series 15. 583 pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D.  Ecological measurements and microbial populations.  Pages 123-184 in The Fungal Community: Organization and Role in the Ecosystems.  D.T. Wicklow and G. C. Caroll, eds.  Marcel Dekker, Inc.  New York. 855 pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D.  Fire in tropical ecosystems.  Pages 137-176 in Fire Regimes and Ecosystem Properties.  H. A. Mooney, T. M. Bonnicksen, N. L. Christensen, J. E. Lotan, and W. A. Reiners, eds. USDA  Forest Service Gen. Tech. Report WO-26. 594 pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D.  Vegetation dynamics in a coastal grassland of Hawaii. Vegetatio 46: 131-140.



Mueller-Dombois, D.   The ecological series approach to forest land classification.  Pages 105-139 in Assessing Tropical Forest Lands: Their Suitability for Sustainable Uses.  R.A. Carpenter, ed.  Tycooly Internat'l, Ltd.  Bray Co., Wicklow, Ireland. 337 pp.




Doty, R. D. Groundwater conditions in the Ohia rainforest near Hilo.  Pacific

       Southwest  Forest and Range Experiment Station.  U.S. D. A. Berkeley. CA


Mueller-Dombois, D. Canopy dieback in indigenous forests of Pacific islands. Hawaiian Bot.  Soc.  Newsletter 21: 2-6.


Mueller-Dombois, D.  Island ecosystem stability and Metrosideros dieback.  Pages 138-146 in Proceed.4th Conf. in Natural Sci., Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.  Coop.  National Park Studies Unit Dept. of Botany, Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu. 189 pp.




Balakrishnan, N.and D. Mueller-Dombois.  Nutrient studies in relation to habitat types and canopy dieback in the montane rain forest ecosystem, Island of Hawai`i.  Pac. Sci. 37: 339-359.


Evenson W. E. Climate analysis in `ohi`a dieback area on the Island of Hawai`i.  Pac.

                Sci. 37: 375-384.


Jacobi, J. D. Metrosideros Dieback in Hawai`i: A comparison of adjacent dieback and non-dieback rain forest stands.  New Zealand Journal of Ecology 6: 79-97.


Jacobi, J. D., Gerrish, G., and D. Mueller-Dombois.  `Ohi`a dieback in Hawai`i: vegetation changes in permanent plots.  Pac. Sci. 37: 327-337.


Mueller-Dombois, D., J. E. Canfield, R. A. Holt and G. P. Buelow.  Tree-group death in North-American and Hawaiian forests: a pathological problem or a new problem for vegetation ecology?  Phytocoenologia 11: 117-137.


Mueller-Dombois, D. Population death in Hawaiian plant communities: a new

causal theory and its successional significance.  Tuexenia (Göttingen) 3: 117-130.


Mueller-Dombois, D., K. Kartawinata and L. L. Handley. Conservation of species and habitats: a major responsibility in development planning.  Pages 1-51 in Natural Systems for Development: What Planners Need to know.  R.A. Carpenter, ed. Macmillan Publish. Co. 488 pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D. Stand-level dieback in New Zealand forests and the theory of cohort senescence.  Hawaiian Bot. Soc. Newsletter 22: 33-42.


Mueller-Dombois, D.  Canopy dieback and successional processes in Pacific forests. Pac.  Sci. 37: 317-325.


Mueller-Dombois, D. Canopy dieback and dynamic processes in Pacific forests: introductory statement and concluding synthesis.  Pac. Sci. 37: 313-316; 483-489.


Stemmermann, L.  Ecological studies of Hawaiian Metrosideros in a successional context.  Pac. Sci. 37: 361-373.


Vitousek, P. M., K. Van Cleve, D. Mueller-Dombois and N. Balakrishnan. Soil development and nitrogen turnover in montane rain forest soils in Hawaii. Biotropica 15: 268-274.




Burton, P. J. and D. Mueller-Dombois. Response of Metrosideros polymorpha seedlings to experimental canopy opening.  Ecology 65: 779-791.


Gerrish, G. and K. W. Bridges.  A Thinning and Fertilizing Experiment in Metrosideros Dieback Stands in Hawai`i.  Hawai`i Bot. Sci. Paper No. 43.  University of Hawai`i at Manoa, Honolulu.  107 pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D., P. M. Vitousek, and K. W. Bridges.  Canopy dieback and ecosystem processes in Pacific forests: a progress report and research proposal. Hawaii Bot Sci.  Paper No. 44. 100 pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D. Zum Baumgruppensterben in pazifischen Inselwäldern. Phytocoenologia 12: 1-8.


Mueller-Dombois, D. Classification and mapping of plant communities: a review with emphasis on tropical vegetation.  Pages 21-88 in The Role of Terrestrial Vegetation in the Global Carbon Cycle: Measurement by Remote Sensing.  SCOPE 23, ed. by G.M. Woodwell.  John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 247 pp.




Lamoureux, C. H.  Restoration of native ecosystems.  Pages 422-431 in: Hawai`i’s Terristrial Ecosystems: Preservation and Management.   C. P. Stone and J. M. Scott, eds.  Cooperative Nat. Park Studies Unit, University of Hawai`i, Honolulu. 584 pp.


Loope, L. L. and P. G. Scowcroft.  Vegetation response within exclosures in Hawai`i: a review.  Pages 377-402 in Hawai`i’s Terrestrial Ecosystems: Preservation and Management.  C. P. Stone and J.M. Scott, eds.  Cooperative Nat. Park Studies Unit, University of Hawai`i, Honolulu. 584 pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D.  'Ōhi'a dieback in Hawaii: 1984 synthesis and evaluation. Pac. Sci. 39: 150-170.


Mueller-Dombois, D.  The biological resource value of native forest in Hawai'i with special reference to the tropical lowland rainforest at Kalapana.  'Elepaio 45: 95-101.


Mueller-Dombois, D.  'Ohi'a dieback and protection management in the Hawaiian rainforest.  Pages 103-474 in: Hawai'i’s Terrestrial Ecosystems: Preservation and Management. C. P. Stone and J. M. Scott, eds.  Coop.  National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii. 584 pp.


Mueller Dombois, D.  Dieback in montane tropical rainforests: Hawaii and Papua New Guinea.  Pages 201-208 in Ecology and Resource Management in the Tropics.  Vol. 1, Varanasi, India.


Smith, C. W.  Impact of alien plants on Hawaii’s native biota.  Pages 180-250 in         

       Hawa`i’s Terrestrial Ecosystems: Preservation and Management.  C. P. Stone and J. M. Scott, eds.  Coop. National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawai`i, Honolulu. 584 pp.


Stone, C. P.  Alien animals in Hawai`i’s native ecosystems: Toward controlling the adverse effects of introduced vertebrates.  Pages 251-297 in: Hawaii’s       Terrestrial Ecosystems: Preservation and Management.  C. P. Stone and J. M. Scott, eds.  Coop. National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawai`i, Honolulu. 584 pp.


Stone, C. P. and J. M. Scott, eds.  Hawaii’s Terrestrial Ecosystems: Preservation and

           Management.  Coop. National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of                    Hawai`i, Honolulu.  584 pp.




Hodges, C. S., K.T. Adee,  J.D. Stein, K.B. Wood, and R.D.  Decline of ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha) in Hawaii: a review.  USDA Forest Service, Pacific S. W. Forest Range Expt. Sta. Tech. Rept. PSW 86.  22pp.


Mueller-Dombois, D.  Perspectives for an etiology of stand-level dieback.  Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 17: 221-243.



Burton P.J. , D. Mueller-Dombois, and N. Balakrishnan. Effects of light intensity on the foliar nutrient content of field-grown Metrosideros polymorpha seedlings. J. Plant Nutrition 10: 663-676.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Natural dieback in forests. BioScience 37 (8): 575-583.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Forest dynamics in Hawai`i. Trends in Ecol. & Evol. 2 (7): 216-220

Mueller-Dombois, D. Waldsterben auf Hawai`i. Geographische Rundschau 39 (1): 39-43.

Matson, P.A., and P.M. Vitousek.  Cross-system comparison of soil nitrogen transformations and nitrous oxide fluxes in tropical forests.   Global Biogeochemical Cycles 1: 163–170.

Turner, D.R., and P.M. Vitousek.  Nodule biomass of the nitrogen-fixing alien Myrica faya Ait. in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.  Pacific Science 41: 186–190.

Vitousek, P.M., L.L. Loope, and C.P. Stone.  Introduced species in Hawai’i:  Biological effects and opportunities for ecological research.  Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2: 224–227.

Vitousek, P.M., L.R. Walker, L.D. Whiteaker, D. Mueller-Dombois, and P.A. Matson.  Biological invasion by Myrica faya alters ecosystem development in Hawaii.  Science 238: 802–804.

Whiteaker, L. D., and D. E. Gardner.  The phenology and stand structure of Myrica faya Ait. in Hawaii.  CPSU/UH Tech. Report No. 62, Honolulu, Hawaii


Gerrish, G., D. Mueller-Dombois, and K. W. Bridges. Nutrient limitations in Metrosideros dieback forests in Hawai`i.  Ecology 69: 723-727.

Gerrish, G.  An explanation of natural forest dieback based on the “Pipe Model” analogy.  GeoJournal 17: 295-299.

Itow, S. and D. Mueller-Dombois.  Population structure, stand-level dieback and recovery of  Scalesia pedunculata forest in the Galapagos Islands. Ecol. Research 3: 333-339.

Jacobi, J. D., G. Gerrish, D. Mueller-Dombois, and L. Whiteaker.  1988.  Stand-level dieback and Metrosideros regeneration in the montane rain forest of Hawaii.  GeoJournal 17:  193-200.


Mueller-Dombois, D. Community organization and ecosystem theory. Can. J. Bot. 66: 2620-2625.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Towards a unifying theory for stand-level dieback. GeoJournal 17: 249-251.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Forest decline and dieback – a global ecological problem. Trends in Ecol. & Evol. 3: 310-312.

Mueller-Dombois, D.  Vegetation dynamics and slope management in the mountains of the Hawaiian Islands.  Env. Conservation 15: 255-260.

Mueller-Dombois, D.  Stand-level dieback and ecosystem processes: a global perspective GeoJournal  17:162-164.

Mueller-Dombois, D.  Canopy dieback and ecosystem processes in the Pacific area. Congress plenary presentation. Pages 445-465 in Proceed. XIV Intern. Bot. Congress. W.Greuter & B. Zimmer (eds.)  Verlag Koeltz. 479 p

Vitousek, P.M. Diversity and biological invasions of oceanic islands.  p. 181-189.   In Wilson, E.O. (ed.), BioDiversity.  National Academy Press.

Vitousek, P.M. and P.A. Matson.  Nitrogen transformations  in tropical forest soils.  Soil Biology and Biochemistry 20: 361–367.

 Vitousek, P.M., P.A, Matson, and D.R. Turner.  Elevational and age gradients in Hawaiian montane rainforest:  foliar and soil nutrients.   Oecologia 77: 565–570.

Walker, L.R., and L.D. Whiteaker.  Rust prevention on dendrometer bands.   Biotropica 20: 336–337.

Wright, R.A. and D. Mueller-Dombois.  Relationship among shrub population structure. species associations, seedling root form and early volcanic succession, Hawai`i. Pages 87-104 in Plant Form and Vegetation Structure. M.J. A. Werger, H.J. van der Art, H.J. During,,and L.T.A. Verboeven, eds. SPB Acad. Publ. The Hague.


Gower, S.T., and P.M. Vitousek.  Effects of nutrient amendments on fine root biomass in a primary successional forest in Hawai’i.  Oecologia 81: 566–568.

Loope, L. and D. Mueller-Dombois. Characteristics of invaded islands, with special reference to Hawai`i. John Wiley & Sons. SCOPE  37:257-280.

Van der Hammen, T., D. Mueller-Dombois,  and M.A. Little.  Manual of Methods for Mountain Transect Studies. – Comparative Studies of Tropical Mountain Ecosystems. Decade of the Tropics Program of IUBS (Intern. Union of Biol. Sci.). Paris. 66 p.

 Vitousek, P.M., P.A. Matson, and K. Van Cleve.  Nitrogen availability and nitrification during succession:  primary, secondary, and old-field seres.  Plant and Soil 115: 229–239.

Vitousek, P.M., P.A. Matson, C. Volkmann, J.M. Maass, and G. Garcia.  Nitrous oxide flux from seasonally-dry tropical forests:  a survey.   Global Biogeochemical Cycles 3: 375–382.

Vitousek, P.M., G. Shearer, and D.H. Kohl.  Foliar 15N natural abundance in Hawaiian rainforest:  patterns and possible mechanisms.  Oecologia 78: 383–388.

Vitousek, P.M., and L.R. Walker.  Biological invasion by Myrica faya in Hawai’i:  plant demography, nitrogen fixation, and ecosystem effects.  Ecological Monographs 59: 247–265.


Aplet, G.H.  Alteration of earthworm community biomass by the alien Myrica faya in Hawai’i.  Oecologia 82: 414–416.

Cuddihy, L. W.  and C. P. Stone.  Alteration of Native Hawaiian Vegetation: Effects of Humans, Their Activities and Introductions.  Coop. Nat. Park Resource Studies Unit.  University of Hawai`i at Manoa, Honolulu

Huenneke, L.F., and P.M. Vitousek.  Seedling and clonal recruitment of the invasive tree Psidium cattleianum:  implications for management of native Hawaiian forests.  Biological Conservation 53: 199–211.

Matson, P.A. Plant-soil interactions in primary succession at Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.  Oecologia 85: 241–246.

Mueller-Dombois, D.    Forest decline and soil nutritional problems in the Pacific area.  Water, Air, and Soil Pollution  54: 195–207.

Mueller-Dombois, D.  Impoverishment in Pacific island forests. Pages 199-210 in The Earth in Transition. G. M. Woodwell (ed.) Cambridge University Press, N.Y. 530 p.

Mueller-Dombois, D.  and  J.G. Goldammer.  Fire in tropical ecosystems and global environmental change. Pages 46-60 in Fire in the Tropical Biota. J.G.Goldammer, ed.  Ecol. Studies Vol. 84. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg. 497 p.

Mueller-Dombois, D., and  L. Loope.    Some unique ecological aspects of oceanic island ecosystems.  Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 32: 21–27.

Mueller-Dombois, D., and L. D. Whiteaker.  Plants associated with Myrica faya and two other pioneer trees on a recent volcanic surface in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.  Phytocoenologia 19: 29-41.


Vitousek, P.M.  Biological invasions and ecosystem processes:  towards an integration of population biology and ecosystem studies.  Oikos  57: 7–13.

Vitousek, P.M., C.B. Field, and P.A. Matson.   Variation in foliar d13C in Hawaiian Metrosideros polymorpha:  a case of internal resistance?  Oecologia  84: 362–370.

Walker, L.R. Germination of an invading tree species in Hawaii.  Biotropica 22: 140–145.

Woodward, S.A., P.M. Vitousek, K.A. Matson, R.F. Hughes, K. Benvenuto, and P.A. Matson.  Avian use of the introduced nitrogen-fixer Myrica faya in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.  Pacific Science 44: 88–93.


Aradhya, K.M., D. Mueller-Dombois, and T.A. Ranker.  Genetic evidence for recent and incipient speciation in the evolution of Hawaiian Metrosideros (Myrtaceae).   Heredity 67: 129–138.

 Hughes, R.F., P.M. Vitousek, and J.T. Tunison.   Effects of invasion by fire-enhancing C4 grasses on native shrubs in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.  Ecology 72: 743–747.

Mueller-Dombois, D.  The mosaic theory and the spatial dynamics of natural dieback and regeneration in Pacific forests.  p. 46–60.  In H. Remmert (ed.), The Mosaic Cycle Concept of Ecosystems.  Ecol. Studies Vol. 85.  Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg. 168 p.

Mueller-Dombois, D.   Stand demography and vegetation change.   Coenoses 6 (3): 139–141.

Vitousek, P.M., and R.W. Howarth.  Nitrogen limitation on land and in the sea:  how can it occur?  Biogeochemistry 13: 87–115.

Vitousek, P.M., and P.A. Matson.   Gradient analysis of ecosystems.  p. 287–298.  In Cole, J.J., G. Lovett, and S. Findlay  (eds.), Comparative Analysis of Ecosystems:  Patterns, Mechanisms, and Theories.  Springer-Verlag.

Walker, L.R., and P.M. Vitousek.   Interactions of an alien and a native tree during primary succession in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.  Ecology 72: 1449–1455.


 D’Antonio, C.M., and P.M. Vitousek.  Biological invasions by exotic grasses, the grass-fire cycle, and global change.  Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 23: 63–87.

Drake, D.R. Seed dispersal of Metrosideros polymorpha (Myrtaceae): a pioneer tree of Hawaiian lava flows. Am. J. Bot. 79: 1224–1228.

Kitayama, K., and D. Mueller-Dombois.    Vegetation of the wet windward slope of Mt. Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii.  Pac. Sci 46: 197–220.

Mueller-Dombois, D.  Distributional dynamics in the Hawaiian vegetation.  Pac. Sci. 46: 221–231.

Mueller-Dombois, D.  Preserving biodiversity.  p. 303–318.  In A. Qreshi (ed.), Forests in a Changing Climate.  North American Conference on Forestry Responses to Climate Change, May 15-17, 1990.  Washington, D.C.  Published by Climate Institute, 324 Fourth St., NE, Wash. E.C.  446 p.

Mueller-Dombois, D.   The formation of island ecosystems.  GeoJournal  28(2): 293–296.

Mueller-Dombois, D.    A global perspective on forest decline.  Env. Toxicology & Chem. 11: 1069–1076.

Mueller-Dombois, D.    Potential effects of the increase in carbon dioxide and climate change on the dynamics of vegetation.  Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 64: 61–79.

Mueller-Dombois, D.  (ed) Vegetation ecology of the Pacific Islands: a symposium in honor of F. Raymond Fosberg. Pac. Sci.  46 No. 2.

Mueller-Dombois, D,  Sustainable forestry: the role of eucalypts and lessons from natural and artificial monoculture systems. South African Forest Journal 162: 57-59.

Mueller-Dombois, D.  A natural dieback theory, cohort senescence as alternative to the decline disease theory. Pages 26-37 in Forest Decline Concepts. P.D. Manion and D. Lachance, eds.  A book publ. by the Am. Phytopathological Society. St. Paul, Minnesota.

Raich, J.W., and W.H. Schlesinger.    The global carbon dioxide flux in soil respiration and its relation to vegetation and climate.   Tellus 44B: 81–99.

Townsend, A., P.M. Vitousek, and E. Holland.   Tropical soils could dominate the short-term carbon cycle feedbacks to increased global temperatures.  Climatic Change  22: 293–303.

Tunison, J. T., L. D. Whiteaker, L. W. Cuddihy, A. M. LaRosa, D. V. Kageler, M. R. Gates, N. G. Zimmer, and L. Stemmermann. The distribution of selected localized alien plant species in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.  CPSU/UH Tech. Report 84, Honolulu, Hawaii.


Vitousek, P.M.   Perspectives on the nitrogen cycle.  p. 151–163. In Moore, B., and D.S. Schimel (eds.), Trace Gases and the Biosphere.  Office of Interdisciplinary Earth Studies, University Corp. for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado.

Vitousek, P.M.  Global environmental change:  An introduction.  Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 23: 1–14.

Vitousek, P.M.    Effects of alien plants on native ecosystems. p. 29–41.  In Stone, C.P., C.W. Smith, and J.T. Tunison (eds.),  Alien Plant Invasions in Native Ecosystems of Hawai’i:  Management and Research.  Cooperative National Park Resources Study Unit, University of Hawaii.

Vitousek, P.M., G. Aplet, D.R. Turner, and J.J. Lockwood.   The Mauna Loa environmental matrix:  foliar and soil nutrients.   Oecologia 89: 372–382.


Aradhya, K.M., D. Mueller-Dombois, and T.A. Ranker.   Genetic structure and differentiation in Metrosideros polymorpha (Myrtaceae) along altitudinal gradients in Maui, Hawai’i.  Genetic Res., Camb. 61: 159–170.

Drake, D.R. Germination requirements of Metrosideros polymorpha, the dominant tree of Hawaiian lava flows and rain forests. Biotropica 25: 461–467.

Drake, D.R., and D. Mueller-Dombois.   Population development of rain forest trees on a chronosequence of Hawaiian lava flows.   Ecology 74: 1012–1019.

Huettl, R.F.  and D. Mueller-Dombois. eds.  Forest Decline in The Atlantic and Pacific Regions. Springer-Verlag. N.Y.  366 p. 

Hughes, F., and P.M. Vitousek.   Barriers to shrub reestablishment following fire in seasonal submontane woodland in Hawaii.   Oecologia 93: 557–563.

Kim, K.-R., and H. Craig. Nitrogen-15 and oxygen-18 characteristics of nitrous oxide: A global perspective. Science 262: 1855–1856.

Mueller-Dombois, D.    Biotic impoverishment and climate change:  Global causes of forest decline?  p. 338–348 in R.F. Huettl and D. Mueller-Dombois (eds.),  Forest Decline in the Atlantic and Pacific Regions.  Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg.  366 p.

Mueller-Dombois, D.  Forest decline in the Hawaiian Islands:  A brief summary.  p. 229–235 in R.F. Huettl and D. Mueller-Dombois (eds.),  Forest Decline in the Atlantic and Pacific Regions.  Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg.  366 p.

Mueller-Dombois, D.  Dr. Vladimir J. Krajina, 1908-1993. Haw. Bot. Soc. Newsletter 32: 52-54.

Stemmermann, L., and T. Ihsle. Repalcement of Metrosideros polymorpha, `Ohi`a, in Hawaiian dry forest succession.  Biotropica 25: 36-45.

Vitousek, P.M.   Global dynamics and ecosystem processes:  Scaling up or scaling down? p. 169–177.  In Ehleringer, J.R., and C.B. Field (eds), Scaling Physiological Processes:  Leaf to Globe.  Academic Press, San Diego.

Vitousek, P.M., and D.U. Hooper.   Biological diversity and terrestrial ecosystem biogeochemistry. p. 3–14.  In Schulze, D., and H.A. Mooney (eds), Biological Diversity and Ecosystem Function.  Springer-Verlag.

Vitousek, P.M., L.R. Walker, L.D. Whiteaker, and P.A. Matson.   Nutrient limitation to plant growth during primary succession in Hawaii.  Volcanoes National Park.   Biogeochemistry 23: 197–215.

Walker, L.R.   Nitrogen fixers and species replacements in primary succession.  p. 249–272 in J. Miles and D.W.H. Walton (eds.), Primary Succession on Land.  Blackwell Scientific, Oxford.


 Aplet, G.H., and P.M. Vitousek.   An age-elevation matrix analysis of Hawaiian rainforest succession.  Journal of  Ecology 82: 137–147.

Bean, C., J.O. Juvik, and D. Nullet.    Mountain evaporation profiles on the Island of Hawaii.  Journal of Hydrology 156: 181–192.  

Chadwick, O.A., C.G. Olson, D.M. Hendricks, E.F. Kelly, and R.T. Gavenda. Quantifying climatic effects on mineral weathering and neoformation in Hawaii, Proceedings of the 15th International Soil Science Congress 8a: 94–105.

Joel, G., G. Aplet, and P.M. Vitousek.  Leaf morphology along environmental gradients in Hawaiian Metrosideros polymorpha.   Biotropica 26: 17–22.

Juvik, J.O., and D. Nullet.  A climate transect through tropical montane rainforest in Hawaii.  J. Applied Meteorology  33: 1304–1312.

Karpa, D.M., and P.M. Vitousek.    Successional development of a Hawaiian montane grassland.  Biotropica 26: 2–11.

Kitayama, K., and D. Mueller-Dombois.    An altitudinal transect analysis of the windward vegetation on Haleakala, a Hawaiian island mountain:  (1) climate and soils.  Phytocoenologia 24: 41–133.

Kitayama, K., and D. Mueller-Dombois.   An altitudinal transect analysis of the windward vegetation on Haleakala, a Hawaiian island mountain:  (2) vegetation zonation.   Phytocoenologia 24: 135–154.

Mueller-Dombois, D.  Vegetation dynamics and the evolution of  Metrosideros polymorpha in Hawai’i.   Phytocoenologia 24: 609–614.

Mueller-Dombois, D.  Raymond Fosberg: The professional history of an outstanding botanist. Haw. Bot. Soc. Newsletter 33: 4-7.

Raich, J.W., R.H. Riley, and P.M. Vitousek.   Use of root-ingrowth cores to assess nutrient limitations in forest ecosystems.   Canadian Journal of Forest Research 24: 2135–2138.

Vitousek, P.M.    Factors controlling ecosystem structure and function.  p. 87–97.  In Amundson, R., J. Harden, and M. Singer (eds.), Factors of Soil Formation; a 50th Anniversary Symposium.  Special Publication of the Soil Science Society of America.

Vitousek, P.M.   Potential nitrogen fixation during primary succession in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.  Biotropica  26: 234–240.

Vitousek, P.M., D.R. Turner, W.J. Parton, and R.L. Sanford.   Litter decomposition on the Mauna Loa environmental matrix, Hawaii:  Patterns, mechanisms, and models.   Ecology 75: 418–429.

Walker, L.R., and G.H. Aplet.    Growth and fertilization responses of Hawaiian tree ferns.  Biotropica 26: 378–383.


Akashi, Y., and D. Mueller-Dombois.   A landscape perspective of the Hawaiian rainforest dieback.  J. Veg. Sci. 6: 449–464.

Crews, T.E., K. Kitayama, J. Fownes, D. Herbert, D. Mueller-Dombois, R.H. Riley, and P.M. Vitousek.   Changes in soil phosphorus and ecosystem dynamics across a long soil chronosequence in Hawai’i.  Ecology  76: 1407–1424.

D’Antonio, C.M., and T. Dudley. Biological invasions as agents of change on islands versus mainlands.  In Vitousek et al. (eds.) Ecological Studies 115: 103–121. Springer-Verlag.

Gavenda, R., C. Smith, O. Chadwick, and E. Kelly. Fertility status of volcanic ash soils along a climatic gradient, Hawaii, USA. Pp. 273–281 in A. Schulte and D. Ruhiyat (eds) Soils of Tropical Forest Ecosystems:  Proc. of the 3rd Conference on Forest Soils, Intn’l Soil Sci. Soc., Indonesia.

Harrington, R.A., J.H. Fownes, F.C. Meinzer, and P.G. Scowcroft. Forest growth along a rainfall gradient in Hawaii: Acacia koa stand structure productivity, foliar nutrients, and water- and nutrient-use efficiencies. Oecologia 102: 277–284

Herbert, D.A., and J.H. Fownes.   Phosphorus limitation of forest leaf area and net primary productivity on a weathered tropical soil.  Biogeochemistry 29: 223–235.

Holland, E.A., A.R. Townsend, and P.M. Vitousek.    Variation in temperature regulation of CO2 fluxes and N mineralization from five Hawaiian soils: Implications for a changing climate.    Global Change Biology 1: 115–123.

Imhoff, M.L. Radar backscatter and biomass saturation: ramifications for global biomass inventory. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 33: 511–518.

Imhoff, M.L. A theoretical analysis of the effect of forest structure on synthetic aperature radar backscatter and the remote sensing of biomass. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 33: 341–352.

Kitayama, K., and D. Mueller-Dombois.  Biological invasion on an oceanic island mountain:  Do alien species have wider ecological amplitudes than native species?  J. Veg. Sci. 6: 667–674.

Kitayama, K., and D. Mueller-Dombois.   Vegetation changes along gradients of long-term soil development in the Hawaiian montane rain forest zone.  Vegetatio  120: 1–20.

Kitayama, K., D. Mueller-Dombois, and P.M. Vitousek.   Primary succession of the Hawaiian montane rainforest on a chronosequence of eight lava flows.   Journal of Vegetation Science 6: 211–222.

Lohse, K.A., D. Nullet,  and P.M. Vitousek.   The effects of an extreme drought on the vegetation of a single lava flow on Mauna Loa, Hawaii.  Pacific Science 49: 212–220.

Mueller-Dombois, D.   Biological diversity and disturbance regimes in island ecosystems.  p. 163–175 in P.M. Vitousek and H. Adserson (eds.), Islands:  Biological Diversity and Ecosystem Function.  Ecol. Studies 115.  Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, N.Y. 238 p.

Mueller-Dombois, D. R. Lani Stemmermann, 1952–1995. Haw. Bot. Soc. Newsletter  34(2): 28-33.

Nullet, D., J.O. Juvik, and A. Wall.    A Hawaiian montane climate cross-section.   Climate Research 5: 131–137.

Raich, J.W., and C.S. Potter.    Seasonal resolution of global patterns in soil carbon dioxide fluxes.  Global Biogeochemical Cycles 10: 23–41.

Riley, R.H. and P.M. Vitousek.  Nutrient dynamics and trace gas flux during ecosystem development in Hawaiian montane rainforest.  Ecology 76: 292–304.

Townsend, A.R., P.M. Vitousek, and S.E. Trumbore.   Temperature controls over long-term soil organic matter dynamics.   Ecology 76: 721–733.

Vitousek, P.M.  The Hawaiian Islands as a model system for ecosystem studies.   Pacific Science 49: 2–16.

Vitousek, P.M., G.H. Aplet, J.R. Raich, and J.P. Lockwood.   Mauna Loa as a model system for ecological research.  Geophysical Monographs 22: 117–126.

Vitousek, P.M., and T.L. Benning.  Ecosystem and landscape diversity: islands as model systems. p. 73–84.  In Vitousek, P.M., L.L. Loope, and H. Adsersen (eds.),    Biological Diversity and Ecosystem Function on Islands.  Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Vitousek, P.M., G. Gerrish, D.R. Turner, L.R. Walker, and D. Mueller-Dombois.  Litterfall and nutrient cycling in four Hawaiian montane rainforests.  Journal of Tropical Ecology 11: 189–203.

Vitousek, P.M., L.L. Loope, and C.M. D’Antonio.    Biological invasion as a global change.  p. 216–227, in  Elements of Change.  Aspen Global Change Institute, Aspen, CO.

Vitousek, P.M., and J. Lubchenco.  Limits to sustainable use of resources:  From local effects to global change. p. 57–64.    In Munasinghe, M., and W. Shearer (eds.),  Defining and Measuring Sustainability: The Biogeophysical Foundations.  UN University Publications.

Vitousek, P.M., D.R. Turner, and K. Kitayama.    Foliar nutrients during long-term soil development in Hawaiian montane rain forest.  Ecology 76: 712–720.


Kitayama, K.   Patterns of species diversity on an oceanic versus a continental island mountain: a hypothesis on species diversification. Journal of Vegetation Science 7: 879–888.

Kitayama, K.   Soil nitrogen dynamics along a gradient of long-term soil development in a Hawaiian wet mountain rainforest. Plant and Soil 183: 253–262.

Matson, P.A.. C. Billow, S. Hall, and J. Zachariassen. Fertilization practices and soil variations control nitrogen oxide emissions from tropical sugar cane. Journal of Geophysical Research 101: 18533–18545.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Conservation of endangered species—a noble but inadequate strategy. Pp. 7–29 in W.S. Devick (ed.) “Hawai’i Stream Restoration Symposium” (Oct. 1994). DLNR Aquatic Resources Division, 1151 Punchbowl St., Honolulu, HI 96813. Tech. Rep. 96-01. 333 pp.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Watershed impairment by an alien grass on windward `O’ahu. Pp. 237–259 in W.S. Devick (ed.) “Hawai’i Stream Restoration Symposium” (Oct. 1994). DLNR Aquatic Resources Division, 1151 Punchbowl St., Honolulu, HI 96813. Tech. Rep. 96-01. 333 pp.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Geomorphological evolution of stream ecosystems and rain forest dynamics in Hawai’i. Pp. 163–206 in W.S. Devick (ed.)  “Hawai’i Stream Restoration Symposium” (Oct. 1994). DLNR Aquatic Resources Division, 1151 Punchbowl St., Honolulu, HI 96813. Tech. Rep. 96-01. 333 pp.

Mueller-Dombois, D., and K. Kitayama.  Research hypotheses for DIWPA cooperation.  Pp. 33–37 in I.M. Turner, C.H. Diong, and S.S.L. Lim (eds.) Biodiversity and the Dynamics of Ecosystems.  DIWPA Series Vol. 1, Intern. Network for DIVERSITAS, Kyoto University. 383 pp.

Nakao, P., and K. Kitayama. Distribution of  Bradyrhizobium spp. and endemic leguminius tree Acacia koa along an altitudinal transect on the windward slope of Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii.  Biotropica 28: 400–403.

Raich, J.W., A.E. Russell, T.E. Crews, H. Farrington, and P.M. Vitousek.    Both nitrogen and phosphorus limit plant production on young Hawaiian lava flows.   Biogeochemistry 32: 1–14.

Riley, R.H. Process-level regulation of nitrogen trace gas flux in Hawaiian montane rainforest.  Soil Biology and Biochemistry 28: 1251–1260.

Trumbore, S.E., O.A. Chadwick, and R.G. Amundson.  Rapid exchange between soil carbon and atmospheric CO2 driven by temperature change. Science 272: 393–396.

Vitousek, P.M., C.M. D’Antonio, L.L. Loope, and R. Westbrooks.    Biological  invasions as global environmental change.  American Scientist  84: 468–478.

Vitousek, P.M., L.L. Loope, H. Adsersen, and C.M. D’Antonio.   Island ecosystems:  do they represent “natural experiments” in biological diversity? p. 245–259.   In Mooney, H.A., J.H. Cushman, E. Medina, O.E. Sala, and E.O. Schulze (eds), Functional Roles of Biodiversity:  A Global Perspective.  Springer-Verlag.


Harrington, RA and JJ Ewel. Invasibility of tree plantations by
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Harrington, RA, JH Fownes, PG Scowcroft, and CS Vann. Impact of
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Kamagota, Y., R.R. Fulthorpe, K. Tamura, H. Takami, L.J. Forney, and J.M. Tiedje. Pristine environments harbor a new group of oligotrophic 2–4 Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid-degrading bacteria. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 63: 2266–2272.

Kitayama, K., E.A.G. Schuur, D.R. Drake, and D. Mueller-Dombois.   Fate of a wet montane forest during soil aging in Hawaii. Journal of Ecology 85: 669–679

Kitayama, K., D. Mueller-Dombois, R. Pattison, and S. Cordell-Hart.     Ecological and genetic implications of foliar polymorphism of Metrosideros polymorpha Gaud. (Myrtaceae) in a habitat matrix on Mauna Loa, Hawaii. Annals of Botany 80: 491–497.

Mueller-Dombois, D.  Heinz Ellenberg, 1913-1997. Bull. Ecol. Soc. of America 78 (4): 251-252.

Potter, C.S., R.H. Riley, and S.A. Klooster. Simulation modelling of nitrogen trace gas emissions along an age gradient of tropical forest soils. Ecological Modelling  97: 179–196.

Raich, J.W., A.E. Russell, and P.M. Vitousek.  Primary production and ecosystem development along an elevational gradient in Hawaii.   Ecology 78: 707–721.

Russell, A.E., and P.M. Vitousek. Decomposition and potential nitrogen fixation in Dicranopteris linearis litter on Mauna Loa, Hawai’i, USA.   Journal of Tropical Ecology 13: 579–594.

 Thompson, M.V., and P.M. Vitousek.   Asymbiotic nitrogen fixation and decomposition during long-term soil development in Hawaiian montane rain forest.  Biotropica. 29: 134–144.

Torn, M.S., S.E. Trumbore, O.A. Chadwick, P.M. Vitousek, and D.M. Hendricks.  Mineral control of soil carbon storage and turnover.  Nature 389: 170–173.

Townsend, A.R., P.M. Vitousek, D.J. Des Marais, and A. Tharpe.  Effects of temperature and soil carbon pool structure on CO2 and 13CO2 fluxes from five Hawaiian soils.  Biogeochemistry. 32: 1–14. 

Vitousek, P.M.  The ecosystems of Mauna Loa Volcano, Hawaii.  Natural History  106(5): 48–53.

Vitousek, P.M., and H. Farrington.  Nutrient limitation and soil development:  experimental test of a biogeochemical theory.   Biogeochemistry 37: 63–75.

Vitousek, P.M., O.A. Chadwick, T. Crews, J. Fownes, D.M. Hendricks, and D. Herbert.  Soil and ecosystem development across the Hawaiian Islands.  GSA Today 7(9): 1–8.

Vitousek, P.M., C.M. D’Antonio, L.L. Loope, M. Rejmanek, and R. Westbrooks.  Introduced species:  a significant component of human-caused global change.  New Zealand Journal of Ecology 21: 1–16.


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Aplet, G.H., R.F. Hughes, and P.M. Vitousek. Ecosystem development on Hawaiian lava flows:  biomass and species composition. Journal of Vegetation Science 9: 17–26.

Aplet, G.H., R.L. Loh, J.T. Tunison and P.M. Vitousek.  Experimental restoration of a closed Faya tree stand.  Technical Report 121, Cooperative National Park Resources Study Unit, University of Hawaii.

Austin, A.T., and P.M. Vitousek. Nutrient dynamics on a precipitation gradient in Hawai’i.  Oecologia 113: 519–529.

Capo, R.C., B.W. Stewart, and O.A. Chadwick.   Strontium isotopes as tracers of earth surface processes: theory and methods. Geoderma 82: 197–225.

Cordell, S., G. Goldstein, D. Mueller-Dombois, D. Webb, and P.M. Vitousek. Physiological and morphological variation in Metrosideros polymorpha, a dominant Hawaiian tree species, along an altitudinal gradient: the role of phenotypic plasticity. Oecologia 113: 188–196.

D’Antonio, C.M., R.F. Hughes, M. Mack, D. Hitchcock, and P.M. Vitousek.  The response of native species to  removal of invasive exotic grasses in a seasonally-dry Hawaiian woodland. Journal of Vegetation Science 9: 699–712.

Drake, D. R. Relationships among the seed rain, seed bank and vegetation of a Hawaiian forest. J. Veg. Sci. 9: 103–112.

Freifelder, R., P.M. Vitousek, and C.M. D’Antonio.  Microclimate change and projected effect on fire following forest-grass conversion in seasonally dry tropical woodland.   Biotropica 30: 286–297. 

Hsieh, J.C.C., O.A. Chadwick, E.F. Kelly, and S.M. Savin.  Oxygen isotopic composition of soil water: Quantifying evaporation and transpiration. Geoderma 82: 269–293.

Hsieh, J.C.C., S.M. Savin, E.F.  Kelly, and O.A. Chadwick. Measurement of soil-water d18O values by direct equilibration with CO2. Geoderma 82: 255–268.

Kelly, E.F., O.A. Chadwick, and T. Hilinski. The effect of plants on mineral weathering. Biogeochemistry 42: 21–53

Kennedy, M.J., O.A. Chadwick, P.M. Vitousek, L.A. Derry, and D. Hendricks. Replacement of weathering with atmospheric sources of base cations during ecosystem development, Hawaiian Islands.  Geology  26: 1015–1018.

Kitayama, K., H. Raitio, D. Mueller-Dombois, and E. Schuur. Wood volume, foliar chemical compositions and soil N mineralization in Metrodiseros polymorpha (Myrtaceae) stands on Haleakala, Hawaii. Biotropica 30: 330–338.

Ley, R., and C.M. D’Antonio.  Exotic grass invasion alters potential rates of N fixation in Hawaiian woodlands. Oecologia 113: 179–187.

Loh, R.K., J.T. Tunison, L.R. Walker and P.M. Vitousek. Population growth and nitrogen-fixation of faya tree, 1986–1993. Technical Report 118, Cooperative National Park Resources Study Unit, University of Hawaii.

Mack, M., and C.M. D’Antonio.  Impacts of biological invasions on disturbance regimes.  TREE 13: 195–198.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Dieback dynamics in Pacific island and mountain forests. Pp. 277–284 in R.S. Ambasht (ed.) Modern Trends in Ecology and Environment. SPB Academic Publishing bv, Amsterdam.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Plant biodiversity in tropical ecosystems across the Asia-Pacific region. Pp. 105–113 in C.H. Chou and K.T. Shaon (eds.) Frontiers in Biology: The Challenges of Biodiveristy. Academia Sinica, Taipei.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Regenwalddynamik und Landschaftsentwicklung in den Hawai’i Inseln.  Naturwissenschaftliche Rundschau 51: 298–304.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Watershed evolution in the Hawaiian Islands. `Elepaio (Journal of the Hawai`i Audubon Society) 58: 31-36.

Mueller-Dombois, D.  Vegetation and ecosystem research for biodiversiyy conservation in the Pacific Islands. Pac. Sci. Info.  Bull. 50: 1-10.

Mueller-Dombois, D., and F.R. Fosberg.  Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands. Springer-Verlag, N.Y. Ecol. Studies Vol. 132. 773 pp.

Nordt, L., E. Kelly, T. Boutton, and O. Chadwick.  Biogeochemistry of isotopes in soil environments: theory and applications. Geoderma 82: 1–3.

Nusslein, K., and J.M. Tiedje. Characterization of the dominant and rare members of a young Hawaiian soil bacterial community with small-subunit ribosomal DNA amplified from DNA—fractionated on the basis of its guanine and cytosine composition. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 64: 1283–1289.

Raich, J.W. Aboveground productivity and soil respiration in three Hawaiian rain forests.  Forest Ecology and Management 107: 309–318.

Russell, A.E., J.W. Raich, and P.M. Vitousek.  The ecology of the climbing fern Dicranopteris linearis on windward Mauna Loa, Hawai’i.   Journal of Ecology 86: 765–779.

Stewart, B.W., R.C. Capo, and O.A. Chadwick.  Quantitative strontium isotope models for weathering, pedogenesis and biogeochemical cycling. Geoderma 82: 173–195.

Tanner, E.V.J., P.M. Vitousek, and E. Cuevas.  Experimental investigation of nutrient limitation of forest growth on wet tropical mountains.  Ecology 79: 10–22.

Vitousek, P.M. Foliar and litter nutrients, nutrient resorption, and decomposition in Hawaiian  Metrosideros polymorpha.  Ecosystems 1: 401–407.

Vitousek, P.M., L.O. Hedin, P.A. Matson, J.H. Fownes, and J. Neff.   Within-system element cycles, input-output budgets, and nutrient limitation.  P. 432–451 in  Pace, M., and P. Groffman (eds), Successes, Limitations, and Frontiers in Ecosystem Science. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.


Chadwick, O.A., L. Derry, P.M. Vitousek, B.J. Huebert, and L.O. Hedin. Changing sources of nutrients during four million years of ecosystem development. Nature 397: 491–497.

Chorover, J., M.J. DiChiaro, and O.A. Chadwick. Structural charge and cesium retention in a chronosequence of tephritic soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 63: 169–177.

Cordell, S., and G. Goldstein. Light distribution and photosynthesis of Metrosideros polymorpha dominated forests at both ends of a nutrient and substrate age gradient in Hawaii. Selbyana 20: 350–356.

Cordell, S., G. Goldstein, F.C. Meinzer, and L.L. Handley.  Allocation of nitrogen and carbon in leaves of Metrosideros polymorpha regulates carboxylation capacity and d13C along an altitudinal gradient.  Functional Ecology 13: 811–818.

D’Antonio, C.M., T.L. Dudley, and M. Mack. Disturbance and biological invasions:  Direct effects and feedbacks. Pp. 429–468 in L.R. Walker (ed.), Ecosystems of Disturbed Ground. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Ewel, J.J., D.J. O’Dowd, J. Bergelson, C.C. Daehler, C.M. D’Antonio, L.D. Gomez, D.R. Gordon, R.J. Hobbs, A. Holt, K.R. Hopper, C.E. Hughes, M. LaHart, R.R.B. Leakey, W.G. Lee, L.L. Loope, D.H. Lorence, S.M. Louda, A.E. Lugo, P.B. McEvoy, D.M. Richardson, and P.M. Vitousek. Deliberate introductions of species: research needs. Bioscience 49: 619–630.

Gerrish, G. and D. Mueller-Dombois.  Measuring stem growth rates for determining age and cohort analysis of a tropical evergreen tree. Pac. Sci.  53: 418-429.

Hall, S.J., and P.A. Matson. Nitrogen oxide emissions after nitrogen additions in tropical forests. Nature 401: 152–155.

Heath, J.A., and B.J. Huebert. Cloudwater deposition as a source of fixed nitrogen in a Hawaiian montane forest. Biogeochemistry 44: 119–134.

Herbert, D.A., and J.H. Fownes.  Forest productivity and efficiency of resource use across a chronosequence of tropical montane soils. Ecosystems 2: 242–254.

Herbert, D.A., J.H. Fownes, and P.M. Vitousek.  Hurricane damage and recovery of a Hawaiian forest:  effects of increased nutrient availability on ecosystem resistance and resilience.  Ecology 80: 908–920.

Hess, S. C., P. C. Banko, G. J. Brenner, and J. D. Jacobi.  Factors related to the recovery of subalpine woodland on Mauna Kea, Hawaii.  Biotropica 31:212-219.

Hotchkiss, S., and J.O. Juvik. A late-quaternary pollen record from Ka’au Crater, O’ahu, Hawai’i. Quaternary Research 52: 115–128.

Huebert, B., P. Vitousek, J. Sutton, T. Elias, J. Heath, S. Coeppicus, S. Howell, and B. Blomquist. Volcano fixes nitrogen into plant-available forms. Biogeochemistry 47: 111–118.

Kurina, L.M., and P.M. Vitousek. Controls over the accumulation and decline of a nitrogen-fixing lichen, Stereocaulon vulcani, on young Hawaiian lava flows. Journal of Ecology 87: 784–799.

Manner, H. I., D. Mueller-Dombois, and M. Rappaport.  Terrestrial Ecosystems. Chap. 8 in The Pacific Islands: Environment and Society. M. Rappaport, ed. Bess Press, Honolulu. 442 p.

Martinelli, L.A., M.C. Piccolo, A.R. Townsend, and P.M. Vitousek. Nitrogen stable isotope composition of leaves and soil: tropical versus temperate forests.  Biogeochemistry 46: 45–65.

Matson, P.A., W.H. McDowell, A.R. Townsend, and P.M. Vitousek. The globalization of N deposition: ecosystem consequences in tropical environments.   Biogeochemistry 46: 67–83.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Spatial dynamics of canopy breakdown and recovery in forest ecosystems.  Pages 209-222 in Proceed.  Regional Seminar on Forests of the Humid Tropics of South and South East Asia (19–22 March 1996).  Sponsored by UNESCO, NORAD & MacArthur Foundation and organized by National MAB Committee and the Natural Resources, Energy & Science Authority (NARESA), Colombo,  Sri Lanka.  

Mueller-Dombois, D.  Biodiversity and environmental gradients across the tropical Pacific islands: a new strategy for research and conservation. Naturwissenschaften 86: 253-261. 

Mueller-Dombois, D.  `Ohi`a  canopy dieback, a natural process. Environment Hawai`i 10: 4. 

Mueller-Dombois, D. , R. A. Thaman, J.O. Juvik, and K. Kitayama. The Pacific-Asia Biodiversity Transect (PABITRA), A New Conservation Biology Initiative. Pages 13-20 in Biodiversity and Allelopathy  C. H. Chou and G. R. Waller, eds. Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan. 358 p.

Nusslein, K., and J.M. Tiedje. Soil bacterial community shift correlated with change from forest to pasture vegetation in a tropical soil. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 65: 3622–3626.

Ostertag, R., and S.E. Hobbie. Early stages of root and leaf decomposition in Hawaiian forests: Effects of nutrient availability. Oecologia 121: 564–573.

Russell, A.E., T.A. Ranker, C. Gemmill, and D. Farrar. Patterns of clonal diversity in Dicranopteris linearis on Mauna Loa, Hawaii. Biotropica 31: 449–459.

Vitousek, P.M. Nutrient limitation to nitrogen fixation in young volcanic sites.  Ecosystems 2: 505–510.

Vitousek, P.M., and C.B. Field. Ecosystem constraints to symbiotic nitrogen fixers: a simple model and its implications.   Biogeochemistry 46: 179–202.

Vitousek, P.M., M.J. Kennedy, L.A. Derry, and O.A. Chadwick. Weathering versus atmospheric sources of strontium in ecosystems on young volcanic soils. Oecologia 121: 255–259.

Zdravko, B, and G. Goldstein. Leaf construction cost, nutrient concentration, and net CO2 assimilation of native and invasive species in Hawaii. Oecologia 121:183–192


Austin, A. T. and P. M. Vitousek. Precipitation, decomposition and decomposability of Metrosideros polymorpha in native forests on Hawai'i. Journal of Ecology 88: 129–138.

Blackmore, M., and P.M. Vitousek. Cattle grazing, forest loss, and fuel loading in a dry forest ecosystem at Pu'u Wa'aWa'a Ranch, Hawaii. Biotropica 32: 625–632

Cabin R.J., S.G. Weller, D.H. Lorence, T.W. Flynn, A.K. Sakai, D. Sandquist, and L.J. Hadway. Effects of long-term ungulate exclusion and recent alien species control on the preservation and restoration of a Hawaiian tropical dry forest. Conservation Biology 14: 439–453

Capo, R.C., C.E. Whipkey, J. Blachere, and O.A. Chadwick. Pedogenic origin of dolomite in a basaltic weathering profile, Kohala Peninsula, Hawaii. Geology 28: 271–274.

Chapin, F.S. III, E.S. Zavaleta, V.T. Eviner, R.L. Naylor, P.M. Vitousek, S. Lavorel, H.L. Reynolds, D.U. Hooper, O.E. Sala, S.E. Hobbie, M.C. Mack, and S. Diaz. Functional and societal consequences of changing biotic diversity. Nature 405: 234–242.

Cordell, S., G. Goldstein, P.J. Melcher, and F.C. Meinzer. Photosynthesis and freezing avoidance in ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha) at treeline in Hawaii. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 32: 381–387.

Crews, T.E., H. Farrington, and P.M. Vitousek. Changes in asymbiotic, heterotrophic nitrogen fixation with ecosystem development across a long soil chronosequence in Hawaii.  Ecosystems 3: 386–395.

D’Antonio, C.M.  Fire, plant invasions and global changes.  Pp. 65–94 in, H. Mooney and R. Hobbs (eds),  Invasive Species in a Changing World. Island Press, Covela.

D’Antonio, C.M., J.T. Tunison, and R.K. Loh. Variation in the impact of exotic grasses on native plant composition in relation to fire across an elevational gradient in Hawaii. Austral. Ecol. 25: 507–522.

Hättenschwiler, S., and P.M. Vitousek. The role of polyphenols in terrestrial ecosystem nutrient cycling. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15: 238–243.

Hobbie, S.E. Interactions between litter lignin and soil nitrogen availability during leaf litter decomposition in a Hawaiian montane rainforest. Ecosystems 3: 484–494.

Hobbie, S.E., and P.M. Vitousek. Nutrient regulation of decomposition in Hawaiian forests. Ecology 81: 1867–1877.

Hotchkiss, S.C., P.M. Vitousek, O.A. Chadwick, and J.P. Price. Climate cycles, geomorphological change, and the interpretation of soil and ecosystem development. Ecosystems 3: 522–533.

Kurtz, A.C., L.A. Derry, O.A. Chadwick, and M.J. Alfano. Refractory element mobility in volcanic soils. Geology 28: 683–686.

Ladefoged T.N., and M.W. Graves.  Evolutionary theory and the historical development of dry land agriculture in North Kohala, Hawai'i. American Antiquity 65: 423-448.

Melcher, P.J., S. Cordell, T. Jones, P.G. Scowcroft, W. Niemczura, TW. Giambelluca, and G. Goldstein. Supercooling capacity increases from sea level to treeline in the Hawaiian tree species Metrosideros polymorpha. International Journal of Plant Sciences 161: 369–379.

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Mueller-Dombois, D. Succession and zonation in the volcanic mountains of the Hawaiian Islands. Acta Phytogeographica Suecica 85: 33–41.

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Olander, L.P., and P.M. Vitousek. Asymmetry in N and P mineralization: regulation of extracellular phosphatase and chitinase activity by N and P availability. Biogeochemistry 49: 175–190.

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Riley, R.H., and P.M. Vitousek. Hurricane  effects on nitrogen trace gas emissions in Hawaiian montane rainforest.  Biotropica 32: 751–756.

Santiago, L.S. Use of coarse woody debris by the plant community of a Hawaiian montane cloud forest. Biotropica 32: 633–641.

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Santiago L.S., T.L. Lau, P.J. Melcher, O.C. Steele, and G. Goldstein. Morphological and physiological responses of three populations of Hawaiian Hibiscus tiliaceus to light and substrate salinity. International Journal of Plant Sciences 161(1): 14–20

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Stratton L.C., G. Goldstein, and F.C. Meinzer. Temporal and spatial partitioning of water resources among eight woody species in a Hawaiian dry forest. Oecologia 124: 309–317.

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Crews, T.E., L.M. Kurina, and P.M. Vitousek. Organic matter and nitrogen accumulation and nitrogen fixation during early ecosystem development in Hawaii. Biogeochemistry 52: 259–279.

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D’Antonio, C.M., R.F. Hughes, and P.M. Vitousek. Factors influencing the dynamics of two invasive C4 grasses in seasonally dry Hawaiian woodlands. Ecology 82: 89–104.

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Benning, T., D. LaPoint, C. Atkinson, and P.M. Vitousek. Interactions of climate change with biological invasions and land use in the Hawaiian Islands: Modeling the fate of endemic birds using a geographic information system. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99: 14246–14249.

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Mack, M. and C.M. D’Antonio. Direct and indirect effects of introduced C4 grasses on decomposition in a Hawaiian woodland.  Ecosystems 6: 503-523.

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Allison, S.D., and P.M. Vitousek. Extracellular enzyme activities and carbon chemistry as drivers of tropical plant litter decomposition. Biotropica 36: 285–296.

Allison, S.D., and P.M. Vitousek. Rapid nutrient cycling in leaf litter from invasive species in Hawai’i. Oecologia 141: 612–619.

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Cordell, S.; Sandquist, D.R.; Litton, C.;  Cabin, R.J.; Thaxton, J.; Hadway, L.; Castillo, J.M.; Bishaw, D. An invasive grass has significant impacts on tropical dry forest ecosystems in Hawaii: The role of science in landscape level resource management and native forest restoration in West Hawaii. In: Proceedings of the Society for Ecological Restoration annual meeting.


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Kirch, P.V., A.S. Hartshorn, O.A. Chadwick, P.M. Vitousek, D.R. Sherrod, J. Coil, L. Holm, and W.D. Sharp.  Environment, agriculture, and settlement patterns in a marginal Polynesian landscape.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101: 9936–9941.


Klein, A., P.J. Hart, K. Stumpf, E. Tweed, C. Henneman, C. Spiegel, J. LeBrun, K. McClure, and B. Woodworth.  Nests of Amakihi near sea-level on Hawaii island. Elepaio: 63: 67-68.


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Olander, L.P., and P.M. Vitousek. Biological and geochemical sinks for phosphorus in a wet tropical forest soil. Ecosystems 7: 404–419.

Parks, B.P., M.D. Fornwall and J.F. Quinn.  First NBII Biodiversity Modeling Workshop: Results and Recommendations. Proceedings of NBII Biodiversity Modeling Workshop


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Price, J.P. and W.L. Wagner.  Speciation in Hawaiian Angiosperm Lineages: Cause, Consequence, and Mode.  Evolution 58: 2185-2200.

Rothstein, D.E., P.M. Vitousek, and B.L Simmons. An exotic tree accelerates decomposition and nutrient turnover in a Hawaiian montane rainforest. Ecosystems 7: 805–814.

Ryan, M.G., D. Binkley,  J.H. Fownes, C.P. Giardina, and R. S. Senock.  An experimental test of the causes of forest growth decline with stand age.  Ecological Monographs 74: 393-414.


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Allison S.D.  Cheaters, diffusion, and nutrients constrain decomposition by microbial enzymes in spatially structured environments. Ecology Letters 8: 626-635


Allison, S.D., and P.M. Vitousek. Responses of extracellular enzymes to simple and complex nutrient inputs. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 37: 937-944.


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Townsend, A.R., C.C. Cleveland, G.P.Asner and M.M.C. Bustamante. Controls over foliar N:P ratios in tropical forests.  Ecology 88: 107-118.


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Amatangelo, K.L., and P.M. Vitousek.  Fern phylogeny and nutrient stoichiometry.  Oecologia. 157: 619-627

Anderson-Teixeira, K.J., P.M. Vitousek, and J.H. Brown.  Positive feedbacks drive exceptional temperature dependence in ecosystems developing on the lava flows of Mauna Loa, Hawaii.  PNAS 105: 228-233

Asner, G.P., R.F. Hughes, P.M. Vitousek, D.E. Knapp, T. Kennedy-Bowdoin, J. Boardman, R.E. Martin, M. Eastwood, and R.O. Green.  Invasive plants transform the 3-D structure of rainforests.  PNAS 105: 4519-4523.


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Cordell, S., and Sandquist, D.R. 2008. The impact of an invasive African bunchgrass (Pennisetum setaceum) on water availability and productivity of canopy trees within a tropical dry forest in Hawaii. Functional Ecology 22: 1008-1017


Cornwell, W. K., J. H. C. Cornelissen, K. Amatangelo, E. Dorrepaal, V. T. Eviner, O. Godoy, S. E. Hobbie, B. Hoorens, H. Kurokawa, N. Perez Harguindeguy, H. M. Quested, L. S. Santiago, D. A. Wardle, I. J. Wright, R. Aerts, S. D. Allison, P. van Bodegom, V. Brovkin, A. Chatain, T. Callaghan, S. Díaz, E. Garnier, D. E. Gurvich, E. Kazakou, J. A. Klein, J. Read, P. B. Reich, N. A. Soudzilovskaia, M. V. Vaieretti, and M. Westoby. Plant species traits are the predominant control on litter decomposition rates within biomes worldwide. Ecology Letters 11:1065-1071.


Dijkstra, P., C.M. LaViolette, J.S. Coyle, R.R. Doucett, E. Schwartz, S.C. Hart and B.A. Hungate. 15N enrichment as an integrator of the effects of C and N on microbial metabolism and ecosystem function. Ecology Letters 11: 389-397


Freed, L.A., Cann, R.L., and Bodner, G.B. Incipient extinction of a major              population of the Hawaii Akepa owing to introduced species.  Evolutionary Ecology Research 10: 931-965.


Friday, J.B., P.G. Scowcroft, and A. Ares. Responses of native and invasive plant species to selective logging in an Acacia koa-Metrosideros polymorpha forest in Hawai‘i. Applied Vegetation Science. doi: 10.3170/2008-7-18538, published online


Funk JL. Differences in plasticity between invasive and native plants from a low resource environment. Journal of Ecology 96: 1162-1173.


Giambelluca, T.W., H.F. Diaz, M.S.A. Luke.  Secular temperature changes in Hawai`i.  Geophysical Research Letters 35: doi 10.1029/2008GL034377.


Givnish, T. J., K. C. Millam, T. T. Theim, A. R. Mast, T. B. Patterson, A. L. Hipp, J. M. Henss, J. F. Smith, K. R. Wood, and K. J. Sytsma. Origin, adaptive radiation, and diversification of the Hawaiian lobeliads (Asterales: Campanulaceae).  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B  doi:10.1098/rspb.2008.1204


Goldman, RL, Pejchar, L, Daily, GC. Conservation value human-dominated island

        landscapes: Plant diversity in Hawaii. Biodiversity and Conservation 17: 1765-1781


Goldstein, J.H., L. Pejchar & G.C. Daily. Using return on investment to guide restoration: a case study from Hawaii. Conservation Letters 1:236-243


Gruner, D. S., N. J. Gotelli, J. P. Price, and R. H. Cowie. Does species richness drive speciation? A reassessment with the Hawaiian biota. Ecography 31: 279-285.


Hilley, G.E., and S. Porder.  A framework for predicting global silicate weathering and CO2 drawdown rates over geological time scales.  PNAS 105: 16855-16859.


Hoof J, Sack L, Webb DT, Nilsen ET.  Contrasting structure and function of pubescent and glabrous varieties of Hawaiian Metrosideros polymorpha at high elevation. Biotropica 40, 113-118.


Houlton, B.Z., Y.-P. Wang, P.M. Vitousek, and C.B. Field.  A unifying framework for di-nitrogen (N2) fixation in the terrestrial biosphere.  Nature 454: 327-330.


Idol, T., P. Scowcroft, N. Dudley, P. Simmons, K. Dancil, and J.B. Friday.  The value of managing Acacia koa forests. Hawaii Forest Journal 2: 8-11.


Joe S.M. and Daehler C.C.  Invasive slugs as under-appreciated obstacles to rare plant restoration: evidence from the Hawaiian Islands.  Biological Invasions 10: 245-255.


Johnson, A.G., Glenn, C.R., Burnett, W.C., and Peterson, R.N.  Aerial infrared imaging reveals large nutrient-rich groundwater inputs to the ocean. Geophysical Research Letters 35, L15606, doi:10.1029/2008GL034574


Krushelnycky, P.D. and R.G. Gillespie. Compositional and functional stability of arthropod communities in the face of ant invasions. Ecological Applications. 18: 1547–1562.


Kurten, E.L., C.P. Snyder, T. Iwata, and P.M. Vitousek.  Morella cerifera invasion and nitrogen cycling on a lowland Hawaiian lava flow.  Biological Invasions 10: 19-24.


Ladefoged, T.N, and M.W. Graves. Variable development of dryland agriculture in Hawai‘i: A fine-grained chronology from the Kohala Field System, Hawai‘i Island. Current Anthropology 49: 771-802.


Ladefoged, T.N., C. Lee, and M.W. Graves.  Modeling life expectancy and surplus production of dynamic pre-contact territories in Leeward Kohala, Hawai‘i. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 27: 93-110.


LaRosa, A.M., J.T. Tunison, A. Ainsworth, J.B. Kauffman, and R.F. Hughes. Fire and nonnative invasive plants in the Hawaiian Islands bioregion. in K. Zouhar, J.K. Smith, S. Sutherland, and M. Brooks, editors. Wildland Fire in Ecosystems: Fire and Nonnative Invasive Plants. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-42-vol. 6. Ogden, YT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 355p.


Lee, C.T., and S. Tuljapurkar. Population and prehistory I: Food-dependent population growth in constant environments.  Theoretical Population Biology 73: 473-482.


Litton, C.M. & Giardina, C.P. Belowground carbon flux and partitioning: Global patterns and response to temperature (Invited article). Functional Ecology 22:941-954


Litton, C.M. & Kauffman, J.B. Allometric models for predicting aboveground biomass in two widespread woody plants in Hawaii. Biotropica 40, 313-320.


Litton C.M., Sandquist D.R. and Cordell S. A non-native invasive grass increases soil carbon flux in a Hawaiian tropical dry forest. Global Change Biology 14: 726-739


Loh, R. K., and C. C. Daehler.  Influence of Woody Invader Control
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Loope, L., and A.M. La Rosa. An analysis of the risk of introduction of additional strains of the rust Puccinia psidii Winter (`Ohi`a rust) to Hawai`i.   U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2008-1008,  Reston, Virginia.


Martinez-Morales RM, Miura T, and Idol TW. An assessment of Hawaiian dry forest condition with fine resolution remote sensing. For. Ecol. Manage. 255: 2524-2532.


Meason DF and Idol TW. Nutrient sorption dynamics of resin membranes and resin bags in a tropical forest. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 72: 1806-1814.


Montgomery, R. M., and T. J. Givnish.  Adaptive radiation of photosynthetic physiology in the Hawaiian lobeliads:  dynamic photosynthetic responses.  Oecologia 155: 455-467. 


Montgomery, R. A., G. Goldstein, and T. J. Givnish.  Photoprotection of PSII in Hawaiian lobeliads from diverse light environments. Functional Plant Biology 35: 595-605.


Mueller-Dombois, D.  The evolution of the Pacific-Asia Biodiversity Transect Network (PABITRA) in the Pacific Science Association. Micronesica  40: 1-7.


Mueller-Dombois, D. Pacific Island Forests: Successionally Impoverished and Now Threatened to Be Overgrown by Aliens? Pacific Science 62: 303-308.


Mueller-Dombois, D., K. W. Bridges, and C. D. Daehler, eds. Biodiversity Assessment of Tropical Island Ecosystems: PABITRA Manual for Interactive Ecology and Management. Bishop Museum Press.  A thirteen chapter textbook; product of the PABITRA Network.  255 p.


Ostertag, R., C.P. Giardina, and S. Cordell.  Understory colonization of Eucalyptus plantations in Hawai'i in relation to light and nutrient Levels.  Restoration Ecology16: 475-485..


Peck, R. W., P. C. Banko, M. Schwarzfeld, M. Euaparadorn, and K. W. Brinck.  Alien dominance of the parasitoid wasp community along an elevation gradient on Hawai‘i Island.  Biological Invasions (publ. online 6 Feb 2008).


Peters, M., K.H. Beard, C. Hagen, E.M. O’Neill, K.E. Mock, W.C. Pitt, and T.C. Glenn. Isolation of microsatellite loci from the coqui frog, Eleutherodactylus coqui. Molecular Ecology Resources 8: 139-141.


Scowcroft, P.G., J.E. Haraguchi, and D.M. Fujii. Understory structure in a 23-year-old Acacia koa forest and 2-year growth responses to silvicultural treatments. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 1604-1617


Sin, H., K. H. Beard, and W.C. Pitt. An invasive frog, Eleutherodactylus coqui, increases new leaf production and leaf litter decomposition rates through nutrient cycling in Hawaii.  Biological Invasions 10: 335-345


Tuivavalagi, N.,  D. Mueller-Dombois, K.W. Bridges, and O.C. Steele.  Processing Releve Data by Multivariate Analysis: The synthesis table, dendrogram, and ordination techniques. Chap. 13: 223-240 in PABITRA Manual. Bishop Museum Press. 


Tuttle, N.C., K.H. Beard, and R. Al-Chokhachy. Aerially applied citric acid reduces an invasive frog. Wildlife Research 35: 676-683


Uowolo, A. L. and J. S. Denslow.   Characteristics of the Psidium cattleianum Sabine (Myrtaceae) seed bank in Hawaiian lowland wet forests.  Pacific Science 62: 129-135.


Wardle, D.A., R.D. Bardgett, L.R. Walker, D.A. Peltzer, and A. Lagerstrom.  The response of plant diversity to ecosystem regression: evidence from contrasting long-term chronosequences.  Oikos 117: 93-103.


Zimmerman, N.,  R.F. Hughes, S. Cordell, P. Hart, H.K. Chang, D. Perez, R.K. Like, and R. Ostertag.  Patterns of primary succession of native and introduced plants in lowland wet forests in Eastern Hawaii.  Biotropica 40: 277-284.




Ainsworth, A. and J. B. Kauffman.  Response of native Hawaiian woody species to lava-ignited wildfires in tropical forests and shrublands. Plant Ecology 201: 197-209.


Amatangelo, K.A., and P.M. Vitousek.  Contrasting predictors of fern versus angiosperm decomposition in a common garden.  Biotropica 41: 154-161.


Asner, G.P., R.F. Hughes, T.A. Varga, D.E. Knapp, and T. Kennedy-Bowdoin.  Environmental and biotic controls on aboveground biomass throughout a Hawaiian rainforest.  Ecosystems 12: 261-278.

Asner, G.P., R.E. Martin, D.E. Knapp, and T. Kennedy-Bowdoin. Effects of Morella faya tree invasion on aboveground carbon storage in Hawaii.  Biological Invasions DOI 10.1007/s10530-009-9452-1.


Bai, E. and B. Z. Houlton. Coupled isotopic and process-based modeling of gaseous nitrogen losses from tropical rainforests. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 23 (GB2011).


Baker, P. J., P.G. Scowcroft, and J.J. Ewel.  Koa (Acacia koa) ecology and silviculture.  General Technical Report PSW-GTR-211, Albany, California.  US Dept of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Station. 129 pp.


Beard, K.H., E.A. Price, and W.C. Pitt. Biology and impacts of Pacific Island invasive species: Eleutherodactylus coqui, the Coqui frog (Anura: Leptodactylidae). Pacific Science 63: 297-­316.


Boehmer, H. J. & C. Niemand. Die neue Vegetationsdynamik pazifischer Waelder - Wie Klimaextreme und Biologische Invasionen Inseloekosysteme veraendern (The new dynamics of Pacific forests - how climatic extremes and biological invasions change island ecosystems). Geographische Rundschau 61: 32-37.


Chadwick, O.A., L.A. Derry, C.R. Bern, and P.M. Vitousek. Sources of strontium to soil minerals and ecosystems across the Hawaiian Islands.  Chemical Geology doi:10.1016/jchemgeo.2009.01.009.


Daily, G.C., S. Polasky, J.H. Goldstein, P.M. Kareiva, H.A. Mooney, L. Pejchar, T.H. Ricketts, J. Salzman and R. Shallenberger. Ecosystem services in decision making: time to deliver. Frontiers in Ecology & Environment 7:21-28.


Dunbar-Co S, Sporck MJ, Sack L. Leaf trait diversification and design in seven rare taxa of the Hawaiian   Plantago radiation. International Journal of Plant Sciences 170: 61-75


Garb, J.E. and R.G. Gillespie. Diversity despite dispersal: colonization history and phylogeography of Hawaiian crab spiders inferred from multilocus genetic data. Molecular Ecology 18:1746–1764.


Giambelluca, T.W., R.E. Martin, G.P. Asner, M. Huang, R.G. Mudd, M.A. Nullet, J.K. DeLay, and D. Foote.  Evapotranspiration and energy balance of native wet mountane cloud forest in Hawai`i.  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 149: 230-243. 


Martin, R.E., and G.P. Asner. Leaf biochemical and optical properties of Metrosideros polymorpha across environmental gradients in Hawai'i.  Biotropica 41: 292-301.


Meason, D.F., Idol, T.W., Friday, J.B., and P.G. Scowcroft. Effects of fertilisation on phosphorus pools in the volcanic soil of a managed tropical forest. Doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2009.04.001


Medeiros, M.J., D. Davis, F.G. Howarth, and R.G. Gillespie. Evolution of cave-living in Hawaiian Schrankia (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) with description of a remarkable new cave species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156: 114-139.


Ostertag, R., S. Cordell, J. Michaud, T.C. Cole, J.R. Schulten, K.M. Publico, and J.H. Enoka.  Ecosystem and restoration consequences of invasive woody species removal in Hawaiian lowland wet forest.  Ecosystems 12: 503-515.


Peterson, R.N., Burnett, W.C.,  Glenn, C.R., and Johnson, A.G.  Quantification of point-source groundwater discharges to the ocean from the shoreline of the Big Island, Hawaii. Limnol. Oceanogr. 54: 890–904.


Porder, S. and O.A. Chadwick.  Climate and soil-age constraints on nutrient uplift and retention by plants.   Ecology 90: 623-636.


Tuttle, N.C., K.H. Beard, and W.C. Pitt. Invasive litter, not an invasive insectivore, determine invertebrate communities in Hawaiian forests. Biological Invasions 11: 845-­855


Wardle, D.A., R.D. Bardgett, L.R. Walker, and K.I. Bonner. Among- and within-species variation in plant litter decomposition in contrasting long-term chronosequences.  Functional Ecology 23: 442-453.


Wiegner, T.N., Tubal, R.L., and R.A. MacKenzie.  Bioavailability and export of dissolved organic matter from a tropical river during base- and stormflow conditions Limnol. Oceanogr. 54: 1233-1242.


In Press

Badenes-Perez, F.R., and M.T. Johnson. Ecology, host specificity and impact of Atomacera petroa Smith (Hymenoptera: Argidae) on Miconia calvescens DC (Melastomataceae). Biological Control.


Benner, J., P.M. Vitousek, and R. Ostertag. Nutrient cycling in tropical montane cloud forest. In Bruijnzeel, L.A., J. Juvik, and F. Scatena (eds.), Tropical Montane Cloud Forests.


Busby, P.E., P. Vitousek, and R. Dirzo.  Prevalence of tree regeneration by sprouting and seeding along a rainfall gradient in Hawai`i.  Biotropica


Brooks, S., Cordell, S., and Perry, L. Broadcast seeding as a potential tool to reestablish native species in dry forest ecosystems in Hawaii. Ecological Restoration

Cordell, S., R. Ostertag, B. Rowe, L. Sweinhart, L. Vasquez-Radonic, J. Michaud, T.C. Cole, J.R Schulten.  Seed and seedling dynamics in an invaded Hawaiian lowland wet forest.  Biological Conservation.


DeLay, J.K., and T.W. Giambelluca. History of cloud water interception research in Hawai'i.  In J.O. Juvik, L.A. Bruijnzeel, F.N. Scatena, and P. Bubb (eds.) Mountains in the Mist: Science for Conserving and Managing Tropical Montane Cloud Forests.


Field, J., P. V. Kirch, T. N. Ladefoged, and K. Kawelu, Houses and hierarchy: Domestic modes of production in leeward Kohala, Hawai’I Island. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology.


Funk JL, McDaniel S  Altering light availability to restore invaded forest: the predictive role of plant traits. Restoration Ecology


Giambelluca, T.W., J.K. DeLay, M.A. Nullet, M.A. Scholl, and S.B. Gingerich.  Interpreting canopy water balance and fog screen observations: Separating cloud water from wind-blown rainfall at two contrasting forest sites in Hawai'i.  In J.O. Juvik, L.A. Bruijnzeel, F.N. Scatena, and P. Bubb (eds.) Mountains in the Mist: Science for Conserving and Managing Tropical Montane Cloud Forests.


Kagawa AK, Sack L, Duarte K, James S.  Hawaiian native forest conserves water relative to timber plantation:   species and stand traits influence water use. Ecological Applications


Kellner, J.R., and G.P. Asner.  Convergent structural responses of tropical forests to diverse disturbance regimes.  Ecology Letters.


Kirch, P. V., J. Holson, and A. Baer. Intensive dryland agriculture in Kaupô, Maui, Hawaiian Islands. Asian Perspectives.


Leary J.K., Hue N.V., Singleton P.W. and Borthakur D. Soil acidification, nutrient depletion, and symbiotic nitrogen fixation are the major features of gorse (Ulex europaeus) infestation on volcanic soils in Hawaii. Biol. Fert Soil


Minden, V., K.J. Hennenberg, S. Porembski, and H. J. Boehmer. Invasion and management of alien Hedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger, Zingiberaceae) alter plant species composition of a montane rainforest on the island of Hawai'i.  Plant Ecology.


Mueller-Dombois, D.  Vegetation—What is Special in Islands? Encyclopedia of Islands, University of California Press


Palmer, M.A., M. Graves, T.N. Ladefoged, O.A. Chadwick, T.K. Duarte, S. Porder, and P.M. Vitousek.  Sources of nutrients to windward agricultural systems in pre-contact Hawai`i.  Ecological Applications.


Stevenson, C., Ladefoged, T.N., and Haoa, S.  Managed Agricultural Production in the Vaitea Region of Rapa Nui, Chile. In The Reñaca Papers. VI International Conference on Easter Island/ VI Congreso internacional sobre Rapa Nui y el Pacifico.  Edited by  F.J. Morin and Georgia Lee, Easter Island Foundation


Vitousek, P.M., G.P. Asner, O.A. Chadwick, and S.C. Hotchkiss.  Landscape-level variation in forest structure and biogeochemistry across a substrate age gradient in Hawai`i.  Ecology.


Vitousek, P.M., S. Porder, B.Z. Houlton, and O.A. Chadwick.  Terrestrial phosphorus limitation: mechanisms, implications, and nitrogen-phosphorus interactions.  Ecological Applications.


Wagner, W. L., D. Mix, and J. P. Price. Pacific Islands, in Kress, W. J. and G. Krupnick (eds.), Plant Conservation: A Natural History Approach.

Wallin, P., C. Stevenson, and T.N. Ladefoged.  Sweet Potato Production on Rapa Nui. In Sweet Potato in the Pacific, edited by Chris Ballard, Oceania Monographs


Wilson, .L., D. P. Gordon, S. S. Sastroutomo, M.D. Fornwall and J. Shimura Report from 2nd Global Taxonomy Initiative Regional Workshop in    Asia - Oceania.



Asner, G.P., M. Huang, T.W. Giambelluca, R.E. Martin, M. Nullet, R. Mudd, and J. DeLay. Climate and carbon fluxes in native Hawaiian montane rainforests. Global Change Biology.


Benner, J.W.  Epiphytes preferentially colonize high-phosphorus host trees in Hawaiian montane forests.  Bryologist.

Brauman, K.A., D.L. Freyberg, and G.C. Daily. The importance of forest structure to rainfall partitioning and cloudwater interception: a comparison of forest sites in Kona, Hawai`i.  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology.


Brooks, S., Cordell, S., and Perry, L. Ecological Restoration. Native Plant Broadcast Seeding as a Potential Tool to Reduce Alien Grasses in Dry Forest Ecosystems in Hawaii.


Cavaleri M, Sack, L.  Comparative water use of native and invasive plants at multiple scales: A global meta-analysis


Cordell, S., and Sandquist, D.R. Submitted to Functional Ecology. The impact of an invasive African bunchgrass (Pennisetum setaceum) on water availability and productivity of canopy trees within a tropical dry forest in Hawaii


Cordell, S., McClellan, M., Yarber Carter, Y. Hadway, L.J. Submitted to Pacific Conservation Biology. Towards Restoration of Hawaiian Tropical Dry Forests: The Kaupulehu Outplanting Program


Funk JL, Throop HL. Enemy release and plant invasion: patterns of defensive traits and leaf damage in Hawaii.


Ladefoged. T.N., P.V. Kirch, S.O. Gon III, O.A. Chadwick, A.S. Hartshorn, and P.M. Vitousek.  Opportunities and constrains for intensive agriculture in the Hawaiian archipelago prior to European contact.  Journal of Archaeological Science.


Ladefoged, T.N., P.V. Kirch, O.A. Chadwick, S.M. Gon III, A.S. Hartshorn, and P.M. Vitousek.  Hawaiian agro-ecosystems and their spatial distribution. In P.V. Kirch, Roots of Conflict: Soils, Agriculture, and Sociocultural Complexity in Ancient Hawai`i.  School of Advanced Research Press, Santa Fe, N.M.


McDaniel, S. and R. Ostertag.  Strategic light manipulation can be a sustainable restoration strategy to suppress alien grasses and encourage native regeneration in Hawaiian mesic forests.  Applied Vegetation Science.


Minden, V., J. D. Jacobi, S. Porembski, H. J. Boehmer: Effects of invasive alien Hedychium gardnerianum on native plant species regeneration in a Hawaiian rainforest.


Montgomery, R. A., G. Goldstein and T. J. Givnish. Photoprotection and photoinhibition in Hawaiian lobeliads from diverse light environments: evidence for adaptive divergence. Oecologia 


Mueller-Dombois, D. On the origination and termination of ecosystems. A response to Stephen T. Jackson's INVITED PERPSECTIVES article in JVS 17.5.


Nonner, E.N., Cordell, S. The germination ecology of Pennisetum setaceum (Fountain Grass), an invasive African bunchgrass in Hawaii. Pacific Science


Peacock, M.M., K.H. Beard, E.M. O’Neill, V. Kirchoff, and M. B. Peters.  Strong founder effects and low genetic diversity in introduced populations of Coqui frogs. Molecular Ecology.


Spiegel, C., P.J. Hart, B. Woodworth, E. Tweed, and J. LeBrun. Distribution and abundance of Amakihi in low elevation habitats on Hawai’i: evidence for re-colonization.  Bird Conservation International

Stevenson, C., Jackson, T., Mieth, A., and Ladefoged, T.N.  Prehistoric Agriculture at Maunga Orito, Easter Island (Rapa Nui), Chile.  Antiquity


Thaxton, J.M., Cole, T.C., and Cordell, S. Native species regeneration following ungulate exclusion and non-native grass removal in remnant Hawaiian Dry Forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology

Treseder, K.A., Sherry, D., Farisha, P., Houlton, B.Z., & Wright, S.E.  Glomalin and precipitation. Soil Biology and Biochemistry


Vitousek, P.M., O.A. Chadwick, A.S. Hartshorn, and S.C. Hotchkiss. The “model system” approach and its application to understanding agriculture and intensification in Hawai`i. In P.V. Kirch, Roots of Conflict: Soils, Agriculture, and Sociocultural Complexity in Ancient Hawai`i.  School of Advanced Research Press, Santa Fe, N.M.


Vitousek, P.M., M.A. Tweiten, J. Kellner, S.C. Hotchkiss, O.A. Chadwick, and G.P. Asner.  Top-down analyses of forest structure and biogeochemistry across Hawaiian landscapes.  Pacific Science


Waite M, Sack L.  How does moss photosynthesis relate to leaf and clump structure? Trait relationships for ten Hawaiian species of contrasting light habitats