1995-1999 Global Ecology Publication List

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Asner, G. P., C. A. Bateson, AND C. A. Wessman. 1999. Resolving vegetation condition and biogeochemical processes using hyperspectral BRDF inverse modeling. Proceedings of the Eighth Airborne Earth Science Workshop, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, 1.

Asner, G. P., C. A. Bateson, C. A. Wessman, AND J. L. Privette. 1999. Impact of tissue, canopy and landscape properties on the reflectance of arid ecosystems. Remote Sensing of Environment, 74:69-84.

Asner, G. P., A. R. Townsend, AND M. M. C. Bustamante. 1999. Spectrometry of pasture condition and biogeochemistry in the Central Amazon. Geophysical Research Letters, 26(17):2769-2772.

Bounoua, L., G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, D. A. Randall, D. A. Dazlich, S. O. Los, J. A. Berry, I. Fung, C. J. Tucker, C. B. Field, AND T. G. Jensen. 1999. Interactions between vegetation and climate: Radiative and physiological effects of doubled atmospheric CO2. Journal of Climate, 12:309-324.

Caldeira, K., AND R. Berner. 1999. Seawater pH and Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide. Science. 286:2043a.

Cramer, W., AND C. B. Field. 1999. Comparing global models of terrestrial net primary productivity (NPP): Introduction. Global Change Biology, 5 (supplement):iii-iv.

DeFries, R. S., C. B. Field, I. Fung, J. Collatz, AND L. Bounoua. 1999. Combining satellite data and biogeochemical models to estimate global effects of human-induced land cover change on carbon emissions and primary productivity. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 13:803-815.

Diner, D. J., G. P. Asner, R. Davies, Y. Knyazikhin, J.-P. Muller, A. W. Nolin, B. Pinty, C. B. Schaaf, AND J. Stroeve. 1999. New directions in Earth observing: scientific applications of multi-angle remote sensing. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 80(11)2209-2228.

Duffy, P.B., AND K. Caldeira. 1999. Sensitivity of simulated salinities in a three-dimensional ocean general circulation model to vertical mixing of destabilizing surface fluxes. Climate Dynamics, 15:81-88.

Field, C. B. 1999. Diverse controls on carbon storage under elevated CO2: Toward a synthesis, p. 373-391. In Y. Luo (ed.), Carbon Dioxide and Environmental Stress. Academic Press, San Diego.

Field, C. B., AND I. Y. Fung. 1999. Enhanced: The not-so-big U.S. carbon sink. Science, 285:544-545.

Friedlingstein, P., G. Joel, C. B. Field, AND I. Y. Fung. 1999. Towards an allocation scheme for global terrestrial carbon models. Global Change Biology, 5:755-770.

Hoffert, M.I., K. Caldeira, C. Covey, P.B. Duffy, AND B.D. Santert. 1999. Solar variability and the Earth's climate. Nature, 401:764.

Kerrick, D.M., AND K. Caldeira. 1999. Was the Himalayan orogen a climatically significant coupled source and sink for atmospheric CO2 during the Cenozoic? Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 173:195-203.

Li, G., J. Adams, B. Farnsworth, Y. Wei, B.D.V. Marino, AND J.A. Berry. 1999. Ecosystem carbon exchange in two terrestrial ecosystem mesocosms under changing atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Oecologia, 119:97-108.

Lund, C. P., W. J. Riley, L. L. Pierce, AND C. B. Field. 1999. The effects of chamber pressurization on soil-surface CO2 flux and implications for NEE measurements under elevated CO2. Global Change Biology, 5:269-282.

Mesarch, M. A., E. A. Walter-Shea, G. P. Asner, AND E. Middleton. 1999. A revised measurement methodology for conifer needles spectral optical properties: evaluating the influence of gaps between elements. Remote Sensing of Environment, 68(2):177-190.

Ostrom, E., J. Burger, C. B. Field, R. B. Norgaard, AND D. Policansky. 1999. Revisiting the commons: Local lessons, global challenges. Science, 284:278-282.

Peterson, A. G., J. T. Ball, Y. Luo, C. Field, P. S. Curtis, K. Griffin, C. A. Gunderson, R. J. Norby, D. T. Tissue, M. Forstreuter, A. Rey, C. S. Vogel, AND CMEAL Participants. 1999. Quantifying the response of photosynthesis to changes in leaf nitrogen content and leaf mass per area in plants grown under atmospheric CO2 enrichment. Plant, Cell and Environment, 22:1109-1119.

Peterson, A. G., J. T. Ball, Y. Luo, C. B. Field, P. B. Reich, P. S. Curtis, K. L. Griffin, C. A. Gunderson, R. J. Norby, D. T. Tissue, M. Forstreuter, A. Rey, C. S. Vogel, AND CMEAL Participants. 1999. The photosynthesis-leaf nitrogen relationship at ambient and elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide: A meta-analysis. Global Change Biology, 5:331-346.

Privette, J. P., AND G. P. Asner. 1999. The Prototype Validation Exercise (PROVE) for EOS land and atmosphere products. Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 3:1-6.

Randerson, J. T., C. B. Field, I. Y. Fung, AND P. P. Tans. 1999. Increases in early season ecosystem uptake explain changes in the seasonal cycle of atmospheric CO2 at high northern latitudes. Geophysical Research Letters, 26:2765-2768.

Randerson, J. T., M. V. Thompson, AND C. B. Field. 1999. Linking 13C-based estimates of land and ocean sinks with predictions of carbon storage from CO2 fertilization of plant growth. Tellus, 51B:668-678.

Rau, G.H., AND K. Caldeira. 1999. Enhanced carbonate dissolution: a means of sequestering waste CO2 as ocean bicarbonate. Energy Conversion & Management,40:1803-1813.

Rillig, M. C., C. B. Field, AND M. F. Allen. 1999. Soil biota responses to long-term atmospheric CO2 enrichment in two California annual grasslands. Oecologia, 119:572-577.

Rillig, M.C., C.B. Field AND M.F. Allen. 1999. Fungal root colonization responses in natural grasslands after long-term exposure to elevated atmospheric CO2. Global Change Biology, 5(5):577-585.

Rillig, M. C., S. F. Wright, M. F. Allen, AND C. B. Field. 1999. Rise in carbon dioxide changes soil structure. Nature, 400:628.

Vitousek, P. M., AND C. B. Field. 1999. Ecosystem constraints to symbiotic nitrogen fixers: A simple model and its implications. Biogeochemistry, 46:179-202.


Asner, G. P. 1998. Biophysical and biochemical sources of variability in canopy reflectance. Remote Sensing of Environment, 64:134-153.

Asner, G. P., C. A. Bateson, J. L. Privette, N. El Saleous, AND C. A. Wessman. 1998. Estimating vegetation structural effects on carbon uptake using satellite data fusion and inverse modeling. Journal of Geophysical Research, 103(D22):28,839-828,853.

Asner, G. P., B. H. Braswell, D. S. Schimel, AND C.A. Wessman. 1998. Ecological research needs from multiangle remote sensing data. Remote Sensing of Environment, 63:155-165.

Asner, G. P., C. A. Wessman, AND S. Archer. 1998. Scale dependence of absorption of photosynthetically active radiation in terrestrial ecosystems. Ecological Applications, 8(4):1003-1021.

Asner, G.P., C.A. Wessman, AND C.A. Bateson. 1998. Sources of variability in plant canopy hyperspectral reflectance data in a savanna ecosystem. Proceedings of the Seventh Airborne Earth Science Workshop, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, 1:23-32.

Asner, G.P., C.A. Wessman, AND D. S. Schimel. 1998. Heterogeneity of savanna canopy structure and function from imaging spectrometry and inverse modeling. Ecological Applications, 8(4):1022-1036.

Asner, G.P., C.A. Wesman, D. S. Schimel, AND S. Archer. 1998. Variability in leaf and litter optical propertiies: Implications for BRDF model inversions using AVHRR, MODIS, and MISR. Remote Sensing of Environment, 63:243-257.

Bateson, C.A., G.P. Asner, AND C.A. Wessman. 1998. Incorporating endmember variability in spectral mixture analysis through endmember bundles. Proceedings of the Seventh Airborne Earth Science Workshop, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, 1:43-52.

Caldeira, K. 1998. Too intelligent for our own good - Reply. Nature, 395:9.

Caldeira, K., AND R.A. Berner. 1998. The need for mass balance and feedback in the geochemical carbon cycle: Reply. Geology, pp. 477-478.

Caldeira, K., AND P.B. Duffy. 1998. Sensitivity of simulated CFC-11 distributions in a global ocean model to the treatment of salt rejected during sea-ice formation. Geophysical Research Letters, 25(7):1003-1006.

Caldeira, K., G.H. Rau, AND P.B. Duffy. 1998. Predicted net efflux of radiocarbon from the ocean and increase in atmospheric radiocarbon content. Geophysical Research Letters, 25(20):3811-3814.

Colello, G.D., C. Grivet, P.J. Sellers, AND J.A. Berry. 1998. Modeling of Energy, Water, and CO2 Flux in a Temperate Grassland Ecosystem with SiB2: May-October 1997. American Meteorological Society, 1141-1169.

Collatz, G.J., J.A. Berry, AND J.S. Clark. 1998. Effects of climate and atmospheric CO2 partial pressure on the global distribution of C4 grasses: present, past, and future. Oecologia, 114:441-454.

Field, C.R. Whittaker, L. L. Hoffman, J. G. Osborn, AND J. Polsenberg. 1998. Biodiversity and function of mangrove ecosystems. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters, 7:1.

Field, C.B., AND R. Avissar. 1998. Bidirectional interactions between the biosphere and the atmosphere -- Introduction. Global Change Biology, 4:459-460.

Field, C.B., M.J. Behrenfeld, J.T. Randerson, AND P. Falkowski. 1998. Primary production of the biosphere: integrating terrestrial and oceanic components. Science, 281:237-240.

Field, C.B., AND N.R. Chiariello. 1998. Global change and the terrestrial carbon cycle: The Jasper Ridge CO2 experiment. In W. G. Ernst (ed.), Earth Systems: Processes and Issues. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Field, C.B., J.G. Osborn, L.L. Hoffman, J. Polsenberg, D.D. Ackerly, J.A. Berry, O. Bjorkman, A.A. Held, P.A. Matson, H.A. Mooney, AND P M. Vitousek. 1998. Mangrove biodiversity and ecosystem function. Global Ecology and Biodiversity Letters, 7:3-14.

Fredeen, A.L., G.W. Koch, AND C B. Field. 1998. Influence of fertilization and atmospheric CO2 enrichment on ecosystem CO2 and H2O exchanges in single- and multiple-species grassland microcosms. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 40:147-157.

Hoffert, M.I., K. Caldeira, A.K. Jain, E.F. Haites, L.D. Harvey, S.D. Potter, M.E. Schlesinger, S.H. Schneider, R.G. Watts, T.M.L. Wigley, AND D.J. Wuebbles. 1998. Energy implications of future stabilization of atmospheric CO2 content. Nature, 395:881-884.

Hutjes, R.W.A., P. Kabat, S. Running, W. Shuttleworth, C. Field, B. Bass, M. Dias, R. Avissar, A. Becker, M. Claussen, AND A. Dolman. 1998. Biospheric aspects of the hydrological cycle: Preface. Journal of Hydrology, 213:1-21.

Kerrick, D.M., AND K. Caldeira. 1998. Metamorphic CO2 degassing from orogenic belts. Chemical Geology, 145:213-232.

Rillig, M., M. Allen, J. Klironomos, N. Chiariello, AND C. Field. 1998. Plant species-specific changes in root-inhabiting fungi in a California annual grassland: Responses to elevated CO2 and nutrients. Oecologia, 113:252-259.

Rillig, M.C., M.F. Allen, J.N. Klironomos, AND C.B. Field. 1998. Arbuscular mycorrhizal percent root infection and infection intensity of Bromus hordeaceus grown in elevated atmospheric CO2. Mycologia, 90:199-205.

Steffen, W., I. Noble, J. Canadell, M. Apps, E.D. Schulze, P. G. Jarvis, D. Baldocchi, P. Ciais, W. Cramer, J. Ehleringer, G. Farquhar, C. Field, A. Ghazi, R. Gifford, M. Heimann, R. Houghton, P. Kabat, C. Korner, E. Lambin, S. Linder, H. A. Mooney, D. Murdiyarso, W. Post, I. C. Prentice, M. R. Raupach, D. Schimel, A. Shvidenko, R. Valentini, AND T.C.W. Group. 1998. The terrestrial carbon cycle: Implications for the Kyoto Protocol. Science, 1393-1394.

Stephens, B.B., R.F. Keeling, M. Heimann, K.D. Six, R. Murnane, AND K. Caldeira. 1998. Testing global ocean carbon cycle models using measurements of atmospheric O2 and CO2 concentration. 1998. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 12(2): 213-230.

Villeneuve, P.V., S.A. Gerstl, AND G.P. Asner. 1998. Estimating nonlinear mixing effects for arid vegetation scenes with MISR channels and observation directions. Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 3:31-35.

Wessman, C.A., AND G.P. Asner. 1998. Ecosystems and the problems of large-scale measurements, p. 346-371. In M. Pace and P. Groffman (eds.), Successes, Limitations, and Frontiers in Ecosystem Science. Springer-Verlag, Inc., New York.

Wessman, C.A., E.M. Nel, C.A. Bateson, AND G.P. Asner. 1998. A method to access absolute FIPAR of vegetation in spatially complex ecosystems. Proceedings of the Seventh Airborne Earth Science Workshop, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, 1:409-418.


Asner, G., T. Seastedt, AND A. Townsend. 1997. The decoupling of terrestrial carbon and nitrogen cycles. Bioscience, 47(4): 226-234.

Asner, G. P. 1997. Structural and biophysical attributes of spatially complex ecosystems: large-scale measurement and implications for biogeochemistry, Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Colorado. xvi, 287 leaves.

Asner, G.P., AND G. Goldstein. 1997. Correlating stem biomechanical properties of Hawaiian canopy trees with hurricane wind damage. Biotropica, 29(2):145-150.

Asner, G.P., AND C.A. Wessman. 1997. Scaling PAR absorption from the leaf to the landscape level in spatially heterogeneous ecosystems. Ecological Modeling, 103:81-97.

Asner, G.P., C.A. Wessman, AND J.L. Privette. 1997. Unmixing the directional reflectances of AVHRR sub-pixel landcovers. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 35(4):868-878.

Asner, G.P., C.A. Wessman, D.S. Schimel, AND S. Archer. 1997. Variability in leaf and litter optical properties: Implications for BRDF model inversions using AVHRR, MODIS, and MISR. Remote Sensing of Environment, 63:200-215.

Berner, R.A., AND K. Caldeira. 1997. The need for mass balance and feedback in the geochemical carbon cycle. Geology, October, pp. 955-956.

Duffy, P.B., AND K. Caldeira. 1997. Sensitivity of simulated salinity in a three-dimensional ocean model to upper ocean transport of salt from sea-ice formation. Geophysical Research Letters, 24:11:1323-1326.

Duffy, P.B., K. Caldeira, J. Selvaggi, AND M.I. Hoffert. 1997. Effects of Subgrid-Scale Mixing Parameterizations on Simulated Distributions of Natural 14C, Temperature, and Salinity in a Three-Dimensional Ocean General Circulation Model. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 27:498-523.

Field, C. 1997. Engines of biodiversity. Science, 276:1811.

Field, C.B., C P. Lund, N.R. Chiariello, AND B.E. Mortimer. 1997. CO2 effects on the water budget of grassland microcosm communities. Global Change Biology, 3:197-206.

Franck, V.M., B.A. Hungate, F.S. Chapin III, and C.B. Field. 1997. Decomposition of litter produced under elevated CO2: dependence on plant species and nutrient supply, Biogeochemistry, 36:223-237.

Fredeen, A.L., J.T. Randerson, N M. Holbrook, AND C B. Field. 1997. Elevated atmospheric CO2 increases water availability in a water-limited grassland ecosystem. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 33:1033-1039.

Fung, I., C.B. Field, J.A. Berry, M.V. Thompson, R.J.T., C. M. Malmstrom, P.M. Vitousek, G.J. Collatz, P.J. Sellers, D.A. Randall, A.S. Denning, F. Badeck, AND J. John. 1997. Carbon-13 exchanges between the atmosphere and the biosphere. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 11:507-533.

Held, A., G. Byrne, J. Anstee, N. Williams, AND C. B. Field. 1997. Monitoring of sensitive coastal ecosystems with the casi. Proc. of the Third Int'l Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition, Copenhagen, Denmark: 1-134.

Hungate, B. A., F.S. Chapin, III, H L. Zhong, E.A. Holland, AND C.B. Field. 1997. Stimulation of grassland nitrogen cycling under carbon dioxide enrichment. Oecologia, 109:149-153.

Hungate, B.A., E.A. Holland, R.B. Jackson, F.S. Chapin III, F.S., H.A. Mooney, and C.B. Field. 1997. The fate of carbon in grasslands under carbon dioxide enrichment. Nature, 388:576-579.

Joel, G., J.A. Gamon, AND C.B. Field. 1997. Production efficiency in sunflower: the role of water and nitrogen stress. Remote Sensing of Environment, 62:176-188.

Luo, Y., J.L. Chen, J.F. Reynolds, C.B. Field, and H.A. Mooney. 1997. Disproportional increases in photosynthesis and plant biomass in a California grassland exposed to elevated CO2: A simulation analysis. Functional Ecology, 11:696-704.

Luo, Y., C.B. Field, AND H.A. Mooney. 1997. Adapting GEPSI (Generic Plant Simulator) for modeling studies in the Jasper Ridge CO2 project. Ecological Modeling, 94:81-88.

Malmstrom, C.M., AND C.B. Field. 1997. Virus-induced differences in the response of oat plants to elevated carbon dioxide. Plant, Cell and Environment, 20(2):178-189.

Malmstrom, C.M., M.V. Thompson, G.P. Juday, S.O. Los, J.T. Randerson, AND C.B. Field. 1997. Interannual variation in global-scale net primary production: Testing model estimates. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 11:367-392.

Penuelas, J., I. Filella, J.A. Gamon, AND C. Field. 1997. Assessing photosynthetic radiation-use efficiency of emergent aquatic vegetation from spectral reflectances. Aquatic Botany, 58:307-316.

Pielke, R.A., Sr., G.E. Liston, L. Lu., P. L. Vidale, R.L. Walko, T.G.F. Kittel, W.J. Parton, AND C.B. Field. 1997. Coupling of land and atmospheric models over the GCIP area - century, rams, and SiB2C. 13th Conference on Hydrology, Boston, MA:92-95.

Randerson, J.T., M.V. Thompson, I.Y. Fung, T. Conway, AND C.B. Field. 1997. The contribution of terrestrial sources and sinks to trends in the seasonal cycle of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 11:535-560.

Ribas-Carbo, M., A.M. Lennon, S.A. Robinson, L. Giles, J.A. Berry, AND J.N. Siedow. 1997. The Regulation of Electron Partitioning between the Cytochrome and Alternative Pathways in Soybean Cotyledon and Root Mitochondria. Plant Physiology 113:903-911.

Rillig, M., M.F. Allen, J.N. Klironomos, AND C. Field. 1997. Microscopic assessment of structures of root colonizing fungi of an annual grass in response to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and fertilization. Microscopy Research and Technique, 36:350-350.

Schimel, D., P. Vitousek, J. J. McCarthy, T. Chapin, C. Field, P. Matson, S. Carpenter, J. Baron, D. Ojima, T. Powell, D. Strong, AND J. Cole. 1997. Changes to the biology and biogeochemistry of ecosystems.

Sellers, P.J., R.E. Dickinson, D.A. Randall, A.K. Betts, F.G. Hall, J.A. Berry, G.J. Collatz, A.S. Denning, H.A. Mooney, C.A. Nobre, N. Sato, C.B. Field, AND A. Henderson-Sellers. 1997. Modeling the exchanges of energy, water, and carbon between continents and the atmosphere. Science, 275:502-509.


Asner, G.P., AND S.W. Beatty. 1996. Effects of an African grass invasion on Hawaiian shrubland nitrogen biogeochemistry. Plant and Soil, 186:205-211.

Chiariello, N.R., AND C.B. Field. 1996. Annual grassland responses to elevated CO2 in long-term community microcosms, p. 139-175. In C. Korner and F. A. Bazzaz (eds.), Community, Population and Evolutionary Responses to Elevated Carbon Dioxide Concentration. Academic Press, San Diego.

Chu, C.C., C.B. Field, AND H.A. Mooney. 1996. Effects of CO2 and nutrient amendment on tissue quality of two California annuals. Oecologia, 107:433-440.

Field, C.B., F.S. Chapin, III, N.R. Chiariello, E.A. Holland, AND H.A. Mooney. 1996. The Jasper Ridge CO2 experiment: Design and Motivation, p. 121-145. In G. W. Koch and H. A. Mooney (eds.), Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems. Academic Press, San Diego.

Field, C.B., A. Ruimy, Y. Luo, C.M. Malmstrom, J.T. Randerson, AND M.V. Thompson. 1996. VEMAP: model shootout at the sub-continental corral. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 11(8):313-314.

Fredeen, A.L., AND C.B. Field. 1996. Constraints on the distribution of Piper species, p. 597-618. In S. Mulkey, R.L. Chazdon, and A.P. Smith (eds.), Tropical Forest Plant Ecophysiology. Chapman and Hall, New York.

Hungate, B.A., R.B. Jackson, C.B. Field, AND F.S. Chapin, III. 1996. Detecting changes in soil carbon in annual grasslands under CO2 enrichment. Plant and Soil. 187:135-145.

Korner, C., F.A. Bazzaz, AND C.B. Field. 1996. The significance of biological variation, organism interactions and life histories in CO2 research, p. 443-456. In C. Korner and F.A. Bazzaz (eds.), Community, Population and Evolutionary Responses to Elevated Carbon Dioxide Concentration. Academic Press, San Diego.

Luo, Y., R.B. Jackson, C.B. Field, AND H.A. Mooney. 1996. Elevated CO2 increases belowground respiration in California Grasslands. Oecologia, 108:130-137.

Randall, D.A., P.J. Sellers, J.A. Berry, D.A. Dazlich, C. Zhang, G.J. Collatz, A.S. Denning, S.O. Los, C.B. Field, I. Fung, C.O. Justice, AND C.J. Tucker. 1996. A revised land surface parameterization (SiB2) for atmospheric GCMs. Part 3: The greening of the CSU GCM. Journal of Climate, 9:738-763.

Randerson, J.T., M.V. Thompson, C.M. Malmstrom, C.B. Field, AND I.Y. Fung. 1996. Substrate limitations for heterotrophs: Implications for models that estimate the seasonal cycles of atmospheric CO2. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 10:585-602.

Ruimy, A.,L. Kergoat, C.B. Field, AND B. Saugier. 1996. The use of CO2 flux measurements in models of the global terrestrial carbon budget. Global Change Biology, 2(3):287-297.

Sellers, P.J., L. Bounoua, G.J. Collatz, D.A. Randall, D.A. Dazlich, S.O. Los, J.A. Berry, I. Fung, C.J. Tucker, C.B. Field, AND T.G. Jensen. 1996. Comparison of radiative and physiological effects of doubled atmospheric CO2 on climate. Science, 271:1402-1406.

Sellers, P.J., D.A. Randall, C.J. Collatz, J.A. Berry, C.B. Field, D.A. Dazlich, C. Zhang, AND G.D. Colello. 1996. A revised land surface parameterization (SiB2) for atmospheric GCMs. Part 1: Model formulation. Journal of Climate, 9:676-705.

Thompson, M.V., J.T. Randerson, C.M. Malmstrom, AND C.B. Field. 1996. Change in net primary production and heterotrophic respiration: How much is necessary to sustain the terrestrial carbon sink? Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 10:711-726.


Caldeira, K. 1995. Long-Term Control of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Low-Temperature Seafloor Alteration or Terrestrial Silicate-Rock Weathering? American Journal of Science, 295:1077-1114.

DeFries, R.S., C.. Field, I. Fung, C.O. Justice, S. Los, P.A. Matson, E. Matthews, H.A. Mooney, C.S. Potter, K. Prentice, P.J. Sellers, J.R.G. Townshend, C.J. Tuker, S.L. Ustin, AND P.M. Vitousek. 1995. Mapping the land surface for global atmosphere-biosphere models: Toward continuous distributions of vegetation's functional properties. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100(D10):20,867-820,883.

Duffy, P.B., AND K. Caldeira. 1995. Three-dimensional model calculation of ocean uptake of bomb 14C and implications for the global budget of bomb 14C. Global Biogeochemical Cycle, 9(3):373-375.

Duffy, P.B., P. Eltgroth, A.J. Bourgeois, AND K. Caldeira. 1995. Effect of improved subgrid scale transport of tracers on uptake of bomb radiocarbon in the GFDL ocean general circulation model. Geophysical Research Letters, 22(9):1065-1068.

Field, C.B., R.B. Jackson, AND H.A. Mooney. 1995. Stomatal responses to increased CO2: implications from the plant to the global scale. Plant, Cell and Environment, 18:1214-1226.

Field, C.B., J.T. Randerson, AND C.M. Malmstrom. 1995. Global net primary production: Combining ecology and remote sensing. Remote Sensing of Environment, 51(1):74-88.

Fredeen, A L., AND C.B. Field. 1995. Contrasting leaf and 'ecosystem' CO2 and H2O exchange in Avena fatua monoculture: Growth at ambient and elevated CO2. Photosynthesis Research, 43:263-271.

Fredeen, A.L., G.W. Koch, AND C.B. Field. 1995. Effects of atmospheric CO2 enrichment on ecosystem CO2 exchange in a nutrient and water limited grassland. Journal of Biogeography, 22:215-219.

Gamon, J., C. Field, K. Griffin, A. Hartley, G. Joel, J. Penuelas, AND R. Valentini. 1995. Relationships between NDVI, canopy structure, and photosynthesis in three California vegetation types. Ecological Applications, 5:28-51.

Holbrook, N.M., M.J. Burns, AND C.B. Field. 1995. Negative xylem pressures in plants: A test of the balancing pressure technique. Science, 270:1193-1194.

Jackson, R.B., Y. Luo, Z.G. Cardon, O.E. Sala, C.B. Field, AND H.A. Mooney. 1995. Photosynthesis, growth, and density for the dominant species in a CO2-enriched grassland. Journal of Biogeography, 22:1225-1229.

Kerrick, D.M., M.A. McKibben, T.M. Seward, AND K. Caldeira. Convective hydrothermal CO2 emission from high heat flow regions. 1995. Chemical Geology, 121:285-293.

Sellers, P.J., B.W. Meeson, F.G. Hall, G. Asrar, R.E. Murphy, R.A. Schiffer, F.P. Bretherton, R.E. Dickinson, R.G. Ellingson, C.B. Field, K.F. Huemmrich, C.O. Justice, J.M. Melack, N.T. Roulet, D.S. Schimel, AND P.D. Try. 1995. Remote sensing of the land surface for studies of global change: Models-Algorithms-Experiments. Remote Sensing of Environment, 51(1):3-26.

Valentini, R., J.A. Gamon, J.A., AND C.B. Field. 1995. Ecosystem gas exchange in a California serpentine grassland: seasonal patterns and implications for scaling, Ecology, 76:1940-1952.