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War correspondent chosen as Knight Fellow

STANFORD -- Nadija Buturovic, an editor and former war correspondent with the newspaper Borba, of Belgrade, Yugoslavia, is spending Winter Quarter at Stanford University, affiliated with the John S. Knight Fellowships program as its first Egon Scotland Memorial Fellow.

The special one-quarter fellowship was established to honor Egon Scotland, a Knight Fellow at Stanford in 1989-90, who was killed in 1991 while covering the fighting in Croatia for his newspaper, Suddeutsche Zeitung of Munich, Germany.

His Knight Fellowship classmates at Stanford started a fund to create a fellowship in his name, with the aim of bringing to Stanford each year a journalist who wishes to study ethnic/nationalistic/religious conflict.

Buturovic, 45, has been a war correspondent for Borba, and covered the fighting from the newspaper's bureau in her home city of Sarajevo for seven months in 1992.

While there, she and a colleague were denounced and threatened by the various warring factions because, according to the International Federation of Journalists, they were reporting the war honestly and objectively and therefore became "the target of all parties." They went into hiding until they were able to make their way to Belgrade. Buturovic now is a desk editor for Borba, which is headquartered in Belgrade.

Borba has been the target of Serbian government crackdowns because of its critical coverage. Last month, according to The New York Times, President Slobodan Milosevic sent his minister of information to the Borba offices to take over as editor- in-chief. Staff journalists refused to accept the minister as editor and began publishing their own version of the newspaper. The United States condemned the government action.

While at Stanford as the Egon Scotland Memorial Fellow, Buturovic will join 18 other professional journalists (12 from the United States and six from other nations) who are spending the

1994-95 academic year at Stanford as Knight Fellows. They attend classes, conduct research, and attend special weekly seminars with guest speakers.

Contributors to the Egon Scotland Memorial Fund have included individual Knight Fellows from Scotland's class and other years, individual donors, the German Marshall Fund of the United States, the Suddeutsche Verlag, the Philip L. Graham Fund, press and political organizations in Munich, and Scotland's widow, journalist Christiane Schloetzer-Scotland.

Communication Professor James V. Risser is the director of the Knight Fellowships. James R. Bettinger is deputy director.


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