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Minor in Geological and Environmental Sciences

The minor in GES consists of a small set of required courses plus 12 elective units. A wide variety of courses may be used to satisfy these elective requirements. All courses must be taken for a letter grade.


GES 1A, 1B, or 1C. Introduction to Geology


GES 4. Evolution and Extinction: Introduction to Historical Geology


GES 102. Earth Materials: Introduction to Mineralogy


GES 104. Earth Materials: Introduction to Petrology



Students must take a minimum of 12 additional units drawn primarily from the Breadth in the Discipline list in the GES major; a majority of units must be from classes within the GES department. Up to 3 units of Stanford Introductory Seminars in GES may be counted.

Students pursuing a minor in GES are encouraged to participate in the senior seminar (GES 150) and in field research (GES 105).

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