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Species Information

We conserve, protect, and recover species, in partnership with our Regional Offices and Science Centers, environmental organizations, industry groups, other Federal and state agencies, and the academic community, under the:

Species in the Spotlight                                                                    

Species in the Spotlight: Survive to Thrive” initiative, is an agency-wide effort to spotlight and save eight species that are highly at the risk of extinction. These species are:

How many species are protected?

Approximately 2,300 species are listed as endangered or threatened under the ESA. Of these species, about 675 are foreign species, found only in areas outside of the U.S. and our waters.

We have jurisdiction over 159 endangered and threatened marine species, including 65 foreign species. We work with U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) to manage ESA-listed species. Generally, we manage marine species, while USFWS manages land and freshwater species.

Approximately 119 marine mammal species worldwide are protected under the MMPA under our jurisdiction. An additional eight species are under the jurisdiction of USFWS: walrus, polar bear, sea otter, marine otter, West African manatee, Amazonian manatee, West Indian manatee, and dugong.

We manage:

Additional species are currently under review or of concern:

Delisted species and species under review or proposed for delisting can also be found on our website.

Other Species

Species and populations that were petitioned for listing, but were not listed are also available on our website:


Key threats to marine species are largely due to human impacts, including:

More Information

Updated: October 25, 2017