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Governments and the private sector face constant threats of cyber-intrusion traveling across borders on far-reaching computer networks. Unsafe food and infectious disease affect millions of people. Failed or failing states are unable to assure security for their citizens and can undermine regional and global security. All of these challenges implicate critical problems of governance and organization affecting security, international cooperation, and the continuing evolution of nation-states throughout the world. Governance and organization issues affect government agencies' ability to transcend cultural or bureaucratic problems that sometimes bedevil security policy, and help determine how security policies affect law, economics, and society. They impact nations' ability to cooperate in their attempts to tackle global problems such as food security and arms proliferation. Ultimately, governance issues affect the resilience of societies as they confront risks in a changing and uncertain world.   


Understanding and addressing these issues is a major priority for CISAC. Former CISAC Co-Director Scott Sagan has done extensive work on the development and enforcement of transnational strategies to bolster the nuclear non-proliferation regime. Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall has published on the importance of allies and alliances to U.S. security. James Fearon and Jeremy Weinstein have written about the relationship between development aid and social cohesion after civil war. Stephen Stedman has authored numerous publications on the role of international organizations in global security, including the U.N. High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change’s report A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility.


Governance and organization problems are just as important to national-level policies that address security and safety. CISAC scholars are working on the development and evaluation of strategies for ensuring the proper and effective role of intelligence in security and cooperation. Thomas Fingar has published widely about methods of analysis in the U.S. intelligence community, as well as the relationship between intelligence and U.S. government agencies. CISAC Co-Director Amy Zegart provided in her book Spying Blind the first scholarly examination of the intelligence failures that preceded September 11.



Other researchers are pursuing projects that explore the role of the executive branch in the United States and the relationship between national security and the organization of federal agencies such as the Departments of Homeland Security and Health and Human Services.

President Barack Obama and former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of India chat in the Blue Room of the White House following the State Arrival ceremony, Nov. 24, 2009.
Governance, Organizations and Security