Copyright notice

All materials contained on this site are protected by United States copyright law and may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, displayed, published or broadcast without the prior written permission of The New York Times Company or in the case of third party materials, the owner of that content. You may not alter or remove any trademark, copyright or other notice from copies of the content.

However, you may download material from The New York Times on the web (one machine readable copy and one print copy per page) for your personal, noncommercial use only.

Links to websites other than those owned by The New York Times Company are offered as a service to readers. The editorial staff of The New York Times was not involved in their production and is not responsible for their content.

For further information, see Section Two of the Terms of Service.

To contact other Times departments, see the Help section of

Was this information helpful?