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Chronology of the School of Law Grading System

Effective Autumn Quarter 2009-10, units earned in School of Law are quarter units. Units earned in School of Law prior to 2009-10 are semester units.

Current (effective Summer Quarter, 2008-09):

Grade Description
H Honors (exceptional work, significantly superior to the average performance at the school)
P Pass (successful mastery of the course material)
R Restricted Credit (work that is unsatisfactory)
F Fail (work that does not show minimally adequate mastery of the material)
MP Mandatory Pass (representing P or better work)
N Continuing Course
* No Grade Reported
GNR Grade Not Reported (effective Autumn Quarter 2009-10)

Note: Under this grading system, in 2008-09 third-year J.D. students remained under the prior grading system (below).

Effective Autumn Semester 2001-02:

Grade Description

4.3, 4.2

A+

4.1, 4.0, 3.9

A

3.8, 3.7, 3.6, 3.5

A-

3.4, 3.3, 3.2

B+

3.1, 3.0, 2.9

B

2.8, 2.7, 2.6, 2.5

B-

2.2

Restricted Credit

2.1

Failure

I

Incomplete

K

Credit (student elected)

KM

Credit (mandatory)

RK

Restricted Credit

NK

Failure

N

Continuing Course

*

No Grade Reported

Note: The grading system was revised to a number system with letter equivalents and the grades of 2.3 and 2.4 (C+) were eliminated.

Effective Autumn 1983-84:

Grade Description

A+

4.3, 4.2

A

4.1, 4.0, 3.9

A-

3.8, 3.7, 3.6, 3.5

B+

3.4, 3.3, 3.2

B

3.1, 3.0, 2.9

B-

2.8, 2.7, 2.6, 2.5

C+

2.4, 2.3

R

2.2 (restricted credit)

F

2.1 (failure)

N

Continuing Course

I

Incomplete

*

No Grade Reported

K

Credit (student elected)

KM

Credit (mandatory)

RK

Restricted Credit

Note: The C, C-, D+, D and D- grades were eliminated. The Grade of R (Restricted Credit) was introduced with the value of 2.2. The RK and F grades were redefined to a value of 2.2 and 2.1 respectively. Students may elect to take a limited number of courses on the K, RK, NK system. K shall be awarded for work that is comparable to numerical grades 4.3 - 2.3, RK for 2.2, an NK for 2.1.

Effective Autumn 1969:

A second grading system was introduced with the following values:

Grade Description

K

Credit (1.7 - 4.3)

RK

Restricted Credit (0.9 - 1.6)

NK

No Credit (0 - 0.8)

Prior to Autumn 1969-70:

Grade Description

A+

4.3, 4.2

A

4.1, 4.0, 3.9

A-

3.8, 3.7, 3.6, 3.5

B+

3.4, 3.3, 3.2

B

3.1, 3.0, 2.9

B-

2.8, 2.7, 2.6, 2.5

C+

2.4, 2.3

C

1.9, 2.0, 2.1

C-

1.8, 1.7, 1.6, 1.5

D+

1.4, 1.3, 1.2

D

1.1, 1.0, 0.9

D-

0.8, 0.7, 0.6

F

0.0

Note: This system employs letter grades with numerical equivalents.