Stereotactic radiosurgery for central neurocytoma: a quantitative systematic review. Journal of neuro-oncology Park, H. K., Chang, S. D. 2012


Central neurocytoma was originally described as a rare benign neuronal tumor. However, progression and local recurrences after surgery are well recognized. Stereotactic radiosurgery is another option for treatment of CN. In order to evaluate the efficacy of SRS, we performed a quantitative systematic review of the available data on SRS for CN. To identify eligible studies, systematic searches for all CNs treated with SRS were conducted in major scientific publication databases. English studies published prior to May 2011 were reviewed and summarized with reference to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Tumor local control was analyzed. Heterogeneity and publication bias were assessed, and the summary control rate and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated from the raw data. Of 35 eligible studies, five with a total of 64 CNs were included in this quantitative analysis. Four studies reported a mean or median follow-up time of >60 months. The test of heterogeneity was non-significant among the included studies. Publication bias was observed as indicated by an asymmetric funnel plot. There was non-significance in Begg's test and Egger's test. The estimated cumulative rate of neuro-imaging tumor control was 91.1% (95% CI = 80.2-96.3%) at a mean follow-up of 59.3 months (range 6-140 months). The P-value was <0.0001 under a random-effect model. Sensitivity analysis showed a similar summary control rates (89.5-93.7%). Based on the summary local control rate of SRS for CN found in this quantitative analysis, we suggest that single session SRS is an effective and safe alternative therapy for recurrent or residual CN. However, the results of our analysis are limited by the predominance of case series studies due to scarcity of published research. Further randomized trials of CN patients via multicenter consortia should be considered for supplementing the weak points in our quantitative analysis.

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