CsA-sensitive purine-box transcriptional regulator in bronchial epithelial cells contains NF45, NF90, and Ku AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LUNG CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR PHYSIOLOGY Aoki, Y., Zhao, G. H., Qiu, D. M., Shi, L. F., Kao, P. N. 1998; 275 (6): L1164-L1172


Human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells express interleukin (IL)-2 [Y. Aoki, D. Qiu, A. Uyei, and P. N. Kao. Am. J. Physiol. 272 (Lung Cell. Mol. Physiol. 16): L276-L286, 1997]. 16HBE-transformed cells contain constitutive and inducible nuclear DNA-binding activity for the purine-box/nuclear factor (NF) of activated T cell (NFAT) target DNA sequence in the human IL-2 enhancer. Transcriptional activation through the purine-box DNA sequence requires stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate + ionomycin, and this activation is inhibited by cyclosporin A. Immunohistochemical staining of 16HBE cells demonstrates nuclear expression of the purine-box DNA-binding proteins NF45 and NF90 and no expression of NFATp or NFATc. NF90 and NF45 associate with the DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit and the DNA-targeting subunits Ku80 and Ku70 (N. S. Ting, P. N. Kao, D. W. Chan, L. G. Lintott, and S. P. Lees-Miller. J. Biol. Chem. 273: 2136-2145, 1998). Antibodies to Ku potently inhibit the purine-box DNA-binding complex. The purine-box transcriptional regulator in 16HBE cells likely comprises NF45, NF90, Ku80, Ku70, and the DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit.

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