The Implications of Hyponitroxia in Cancer TRANSLATIONAL ONCOLOGY Oronsky, B., Fanger, G. R., Oronsky, N., Knox, S., Scicinski, J. 2014; 7 (2): 167-173


Tumors are spatially heterogeneous, with regions of relative hypoxia and normoxia. The tumor microenvironment is an important determinant of both tumor growth and response to a variety of cytotoxic and targeted therapies. In the tumor microenvironment, reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide (NO) are important mediators of the level of expression of many transcription factors and signaling cascades that affect tumor growth and responses to therapy. The primary objective of this review is to explore and discuss the seemingly dichotomous actions of NO in cancer biology as both a tumor promoter and suppressor with an emphasis on understanding the role of persistently low NO concentrations or hyponitroxia as a key mediator in tumor progression. This review will also discuss the potential role of hyponitroxia as a novel therapeutic target to treat cancer and outline an approach that provides new opportunities for pharmacological intervention.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.tranon.2014.02.001

View details for Web of Science ID 000342685500001

View details for PubMedID 24731473